Myanmar's new GovernmentThe new Myanmar government
Myanmar's new government: Poll
How much does the general population want from Myanmar's new administration? After the NLD's landsliding triumph, Myanmar is surrounded by a certain amount of enthusiasm, but by concern about how the changeover will take place and what can be anticipated from the new state. There have been voices of concern that the army is still in control of the country's administration, given that 25 per cent of MPs sit in the House, that defense, internal matters and frontier issues are under control - and that the Union Solidarity and Development Party candidate for president, U Myint Swe, is considered a hard-liner under the aegis of Senior General Than Shwe and is still on the US slush.
Only a few, if any, experts are enough to forecast how the next few moths of the new administration and the combined leaders of U Htin Kyaw and Suu Kyi will develop. However, we have a feel for what the general population is expecting - as the results of the poll s conducted a few weeks before the groundbreaking November poll.
Although there may be changes in people's perception after the NLD's triumph, the poll provides an insight into people's outlooks. With regard to the general prospects for the economy, a large proportion (62 percent) of those surveyed believe that the economy is heading in the right directions.
In all, 71% of those surveyed were confident that the federal administration would be able to tackle the core themes of the country's business, infrastructures, employment prospects, freedom, race as well as religious and educational systems. The most important drivers include an increase in the number of jobs, an increase in democracy (4 percent), an increase in the number of jobs, an increase in the number of jobs, an increase in the number of jobs, an increase in the number of jobs, and good citizens.
In spite of the strongly favourable prospects, the value is relatively lower than in the last poll in February 2014. A February 2014 poll showed that 88 per cent of the electorate believe the economy is heading in the right directions, a 26 per cent decline. 44% of those surveyed said that their domestic incomes had not changed in the last two years, while 21% said they were the most inferior.
Just 34% of those surveyed said that their domestic incomes were better. In all, 39% said that authority should be equivalent and about 20% were fully in favor of decentralisation. It is interesting to note that those questioned were somewhat reticent about what they can ask of a civil administration in this area.
Asked whether a full civil administration would do better or worse compared to a military-led administration, 33 per cent answered better, 27 per cent said something better, 20 per cent said about the same, and almost 10 per cent said poorer or something poorer. In spite of the run to the elections and the slippery victories of the so-called "pro-democracy" NLD, the interviewees were somewhat reluctant to support the democratic process as better than other types of state.
As an answer to the questions "democracy may have a problem, but it is better than any other type of government," 47 per cent voted in favour, 32 per cent voted in favour, and about 8 per cent voted in favour or against. The interviewees showed little understanding for the fact that a NLD win would be "favourable" for Myanmar's Islamic minorities, a group that is largely ignored in the electoral campaign.
In all, 68% of those questioned did not or only partially agree. Just 5 per cent were in agreement. It is interesting that almost 39 per cent of those questioned stated that they support the prohibition on a person becoming a president if he or she has a non-Myanmarese nationality as stipulated in Art. 59(f) of the 2008 Constitution drawn up by the army.
Altogether 49 per cent said they did not endorse this prohibition. Almost 94% of those questioned agreed that all residents can exercise their religion. Just about 5 per cent were of the opposite opinion. To a similar interpellation, almost 66% replied that the laws of religions should be observed and safeguarded, with about 30% of those questioned not agreeing or not agreeing.