Myanmar RoadBurma Road
2.3 Myanmar Road Network - Logistics Capacity Assessment
In Yangon, the prohibition on the use of large lorries from 0600 to 2100 a day is being enforced by the Yangon state: the following avenues are prohibited: Myanmar's streets are the most undeveloped of all ASEAN states. Though the road system was extended from 90,713 km in 2004 to 148,690 km in March 2012, the road densities are still among the lowes in the area.
Just 39% (57,840 km) of the road system is asphalted and 61% (90,850 km) unsurfaced, with the roads on the roads usually in bad conditions and not navigable during the monsun. Myanmar's administration has two departments in charge of transport: If an emergency occurs, the most important transit routes and borders are the same: the most important of them: the first: the main transit corridors:
BH-1: The Yangon-Mandalay or Bagan Hwy is the only dual-road, four lane dual-ways in good conditions along its 587km length in Myanmar. Lorries are not permitted on this freeway and must use the old Yangon-Mandalay freeway, which parallels the Bagan freeway.
The road is two-lane in most places and four-lane in some places near Yangon and Mandalay. Privately owned automobiles seldom use this road because the Bagan motorway is short, this road is mainly used for freighting. From Mandalay via Lashio to Muse is in reasonable state.
The road has undergone extensive rehabilitation over the past decade to cope with the high volume of frontier transport between Myanmar and China. Today, this road is one of the most important commercial routes in Myanmar. Yangon-Pathein or Western Union Hwy (196km from East to West) and Pathein to Magway Hwy (near)-Oke Shit Pin-Datkon (crossing)-Magway (484km from South-West to North) are both in good state.
Aside from these important motorways and streets in central Myanmar, most other streets in the Myanmar coastline to the west and south and in the mountain areas to the east and north are side streets in bad to very bad state. Most of these streets are only single-lane with a high percentage of unsealed ballast tracks, which are often not navigable during the rainy seasons.
The asphalt along these side streets is usually laid by hand, only with the aid of drum presses. This results in an uneven, non-durable, inferior surface that can readily be affected by heavier lorries and rain. On these highways the mean speeds are 30-40 km/h for lorries and four-wheeldrives. This side streets are not recommend for urban automobiles.
In Myanmar, the volume of interurban transport is still low in comparison to neighbouring states. Roadside roadworthiness is still a risk: road speeds are generally not known or not used, and a high concentration of motorcycles in urban areas, coupled with unexperienced riders and a general lack of respect for people on foot, leads to a high number of serious road deaths (' 4 420 in 2015).
Contact persons of the responsible road departments see link: Myanmar. Myanmar. Myanmar does not recognise international driver's licenses. A Myanmar driver's license must be obtained from the Department for Road Transport and Administration in Yangon. In Myanmar, many busses run on compressed natural gas (CNG).
There is very little consciousness of road traffic security among cyclists and bystanders. Though Myanmar is on the right, most of the vehicles are from Japan, which makes it dangerous to overtake. Myanmar's major thoroughfares have tolls with weighing platforms where all lorries have to be weighted. Burma has established the usual maximum permissible loads for axles in all ASEAN member-states.
Width, breadth of roads: 2-lane to 4-lane, asphalted or concreted. Top velocity 50-100 km/h. Connection of the most important towns, often in bad state, usually 1 carriageway and sometimes 2 carriageways wid. Partly asphalted (asphalt), partly dirty/gravelly. Top velocity 30-60 km/h. Connects small towns and hamlets, 1 track width, often in bad shape, unsurfaced streets.
Top velocity 10-30 km/h. Liaison towns, very small, less than 1 track width, sometimes only accessible by motorcycle, unsurfaced, unpaved roads. 0-20 km/h max. velocity. You can use this truck path as a service route: It' a main road, part of a motorway. Normal driving speed: Sixty-seven miles an hour. Top 50-80 km/h. The road is good, some places are fixed, no holes.
You can use the truck path as a service path. The most of it is side street, with parts main street. Normal driving speed: 42Cm/h Only the part near the Thanintharyi boundary is a rolling highway with places that can be prone to marslides.
In the state of Mon, the road is the best for 50-80 km/h speeds. It is about 50 km of unpaved road with construction sites, max. 20-30 km/h from the frontier to Thanintharyi. Work is underway along most of the road to broaden it from one lane to two. By the end of 2015 this road is expected to be 90% two-lane, which will reduce the overall travel times.
You can use the truck path as a service path. It is usually a side road with 40% curvy gravelly road, a 1-lane asphalt road. Normal driving speed: thirty-three km/h Along the entire stretch there are road construction works to broaden the road, some of which are still running and underway. Altogether there are 46 single-lane jumpers, max. 1 width of the car.
Approx. 93 km curvy gravelly road, opposite 168 km paved, uneven asphalt road, some pot holes. You can use the truck path as a service path. This is a side road with 37% asphalt and 63% ballast road, which is usually well developed. Normal driving speed: This section of the road is better than the section from Dawei to Myeik.
Altogether there are 59 single-lane footbridges, max. 1 width of vehicles and no toll stations. It is the only dual-track ( "concrete", partially asphalt) dual-road motorway in Myanmar with four good conditions along its 587 km length. Lorries are not permitted on this freeway and must use the old Yangon-Mandalay motorway (also called AH1), which run alongside the Bagan highways.
Right of way, two-lane asphalt, a single-lane roadway, suited for large lorries. Including large dual track, Ayeryarwaddy-Sagaing, Germany. One-track, coarse track, suited for lightweight commercial vehicles. Contains a large, two-lane steal Yadanatheinga viaduct over the Ayeyarwaddy at Kyauk Myaung. Motorway, two-lane, slippery and harsh asphalt, suited for large lorries, with a lot of work.
Main road, two-lane asphalt, suited for large lorries. The remainder is a one-lane field path over hilly terrain (600m ascent), with landslides & large mudslides in the rainy period. called AH-1, but was converted to the road section north via Ye-U to Kalewa in 2015, with the Chindwin to Kalewa crossing for this section to be completed and a boat only available during the drought.
From Monywa to Kalewa via Ye-U: side road partly asphalted, partly single-lane country road with large sludge swimming pool in the rainy time. On Kalewa, a boat that can carry large lorries is only used during the drought and in anticipation of adequate use. Sidewalk, two-lane asphalt. But 12-wheel lorries with a total mass of 27 million tonnes (16 million tonnes of freight + 11 million tonnes of lorries) frequently use them.
However, due to the large number of single-lane footbridges, it should not be regarded as a priority road. Alternatively, you can take the Chindwin Canal from Kale to Ton He (8 hrs., maximum 16 MT per boat) and from Ton He on the unpaved and asphalted road to Tamu (4 hrs. / 88 km).
In the area north of Tamu there is a safety problem due to the presence of Tamur, India operating in Myanmar. In Myanmar, sometimes the Myanmar army or policemen and soldiers have purges of gun fire that can compromise road safety and accessibility. Yesagyo rd, side road, single-lane asphalt: need to give way to the truck.
Suited for large lorries. Sidewalk, two-lane slippery asphalt. Suited for large lorries. Sidewalk, two-lane slippery asphalt. Suited for large lorries. Nabuaing to Semeikhon harbour (18. 4km/1h): small gravel road, sludge pool facilities, lightweight trucks/jeeps only. Sidewalk, two-lane asphalt, curvy road with some hill.
Suited for large lorries. Yangon-Mandalay old road. Main road for large lorries, two-lane slippery asphalt road. Two lanes of asphalt. from Yangon to Bago 4-track asphalt. Main road for HGVs. Untitled side road, suited for large lorries. Range: 107km, Time: 1h38min, 65 km/h medium, 110 km/h maximum velocity.
Dual carriageway asphalt, via untitled side road and main road 2, suited for large lorries. Distances: 110km, time: 2 hours, 53km/h averages, 87km/h toppeed. Tyungdwingyi: Double-lane asphalt, on main road 2, suited for large HGV. Three-bridge, one track. Range: 82km, Time: 1h30min, 52 km/h averages, 86 km/h toppeed.
Dual carriageway, old rough, asphalted, over main road 2 suited for large lorries. Restrictions: three single-lane jumpers. Range: 91km, Time: 1h55min, 47 km/h averages, 78 km/h toppeed. Dual carriageway, rough asphalt, over main road 2, suited for large HGV. Twisting road sometimes near the Ayeryawaddy creek. Range: 70km, Time: 1h25min, 47 km/h averages, 85 km/h toppeed.
Yangon-Pyay Road Primary Road-2. Two-track asphalt, large parts with additional reinforced shoulders. Suited for large lorries. Through several small cities (Paungde, Nattalin, Zigon, Gyobingauk, Okpho, Minhia, Letpadan, Tharrawaddy, Okekan, Taik Kyi, Hmawbi), which reduces the mean windspeeds. Range: 285km, Time: 5hr35min, 51km/h diameter, 92km/h toppeed.
Travelling seasons below refer to 4x4 country cruisers / urban cars and the travelling season and route from Yangon to Taungoo via the Yangon-Mandalay Express Road and the recently refurbished road from Taungoo to Loikaw. In the past, the road from Taungoo to Loikaw was not used extensively due to the safety concerns of the mines. It has to pass through Kayin and Shan states.
Tourist businesses remain on the road via Kalaw in Shan State. HGVs should increase their journey times significantly (plus +/- 40-50%) and the routing of the AH1 from Yangon to Taungoo should also be taken into consideration. Yangon-Bago- Taungoo over the old Yangon-Mandalay-Autobahn.
The main road is asphalted on 4 lanes and can cause a delay when driving through towns and repeatedly cross the railway. Untitled side road, suited for 6-wheel x 17-foot lorries, as the road is narrow at some sharply bends and steeper as it crosses the hills.
It is the old road that was blocked for several centuries for safety reasons in the Kayin (Karen) state and the southern Shan state, especially the land mine question between Thandaung- Leiktho-Demoso. Now more and more lorries, even 10-wheel lorries, are being seen on this line. For this road there is still no platform scale, except the check point of the regional police.
Road conditions from Demoso to Løikaw (18km) are broad and much better. In 2017-2018 the road will be extended from 3(m) width to 5(m) from the EU fund. Range: 213km, Time: 5h, 40km/h diameter, 50km/h toppeed. Two-track asphalt over Unions Road, which is the main road within Kayah State and does not restrict the use of large lorries.
18Km, time: 25 min, 38 km/h avg., 80 km/h toppeed. Loikaw -pruso via Demoso: Two-lane asphalt, on the main road 2 and suited for large lorries. 32km, time: 50 min, 40km/h on averages, top speeds of 80km/h. From Hpruso, this route connects with Mese (near the Thai border). This is an asphalt road which can be considered a side road and is only suited for lightweight commercial vehicles (12 tonnes), as the chain is inappropriately sloping and the bend is inaccurate.
Few towns lie along the road and a cement viaduct must be crossed over the Pawn Chaung River. Restrictions: too sharp for some U-turns and occasionally a heavier load. Distances: 80km, Time: 2h45min, 29km/h diameter, 60km/h toppeed. Shadaw - San Laung-Tadamaw-Thanlwin River: It is asphalt road for 8 km and the remainder 8 km is rocky road and gravel and gravel road with many small fragile timber viaducts.
A small part of the road and viaduct building was found to be in progress. They saw the lorries with hardwood. The Karenni National Progress Party-KNPP has two check points and the Myanmar Army has one. Some locals say they are planning to build a viaduct over the Than Lwin 16 km from Shadaw to Myanmar-Thai Border Point (BP13).
There''s no real road on the other side of Salween, but in the drought there are some regional L/C 4x4 cars that can take you along a stream with a few locals to BP13. 36km, time: 40 minutes, 30km/h medium, 45km/h maximum velocity. In the case of heavier lorries, the driving times should be significantly longer (plus +/- 40-50%).
It is the only dual lane (concrete, some asphalt) dual road in Myanmar with four good conditions along its 587 km length. Lorries are not permitted on this express road and must instead use the old Yangon-Mandalay motorway (also called AH1), which run alongside the Yangon-Pyay-Meikhtila-Mandalay motorway and the road is broader than the other, the driving times are the same (650 km - 10 h30min vs 609Km, 10 h30min).
AH-1 ends at the Shwebo exit, 111 km from Mandalay, with two-lane asphalt as the main road. Coming from Shwebo to Kawlin, it uses the Shwebo-Myitkyina road to the Taungmaw intersection, 203 km from Shwebo and 22 km from Kawlin as a side road, single-lane asphalt road. At the Taungmaw intersection of Shwebo-Myitkyi (Strategic) Road, which can also be considered a side road to Kawlin with asphalt in 1 l...
Between 2015 and 2016, 15-38 km around Kawlin were inundated and the sea levels exceeded the road from 0.5 to 1.3 metres. Range: 296km, Time: 7h, 40km/h medium, 50km/h maximum velocity. From Kawlin to Wuntho: It can be classed as a side road, monorail and there may be flooding during the wet seasons and the same saisonal conditions as on the Mandalay-Kawlin part.
This can be considered a side road for 20% broad and rocky road and the remaining 80% has no real bridge, rocky, bumpy, filthy and traversing streams that can be considered a third road. But in the arid period (Nov-May) there are 6-wheel wood transporters (16 tons). There is no normal coach traffic, but now and then you can see the pick-ups for lights and twin cabins.
It' not suited for 10/12 wheel trucks. Distances: 104km, time: 3h, 30km/h medium, 35km/h maximum velocity. This can be considered a side road with real asphalt and a 70% track, with the other 30% being improved. 43km, time: 1h50min (max.), 34km/h diameter, 60km/h toppeed.
This is a 100% two-lane tarred road and can be classed as a main road. We will be on the Myitkyina-Shwebo road for about 8 km near the Nabar intersection and continue to Katha for 18 km. It is a small section of road, but the best in the north of the city. Range: 26km, Time: 60km/h maximum velocity, 40 min, 40km/h averages.
The road leads to the new Ayeyarwadi Viaduct, built in the name of Singapore Ayeyarwadi Isle. Although this road section is about 30% grimy and uneven, many trucks (10/12 wheels) are relying on this road to get to China via Banmaw and Mai Ja Yang (Non-Government Control Area). At its 20% of the unpaved road, there can be large sludge ponds during the rainy and thick powder in the arid time.
It' a strategical road for further use and the road area is very broad (200 ft). There are very few towns along the road. Distances: 104km, time: 4hr10min, 25km/h avg., 30km/h toppeed. There' s a shuttle between Katha and Gyanthaw Chaung that crosses the Ayeyarwaddy River to link with Mandalay Shwegu-Banmaw Road on the other side of the shore.
The road section is under development, as 20% of the footbridges have not yet been completed and 8 streams have to be crossed without a one. The road can be considered as 60% of the side road, single-lane asphalt and the remainder 40% of the road can be considered a terraced road, as it is a rough road that crosses the stream and is small in some places.
A lot of 10/12-wheel lorries tend to depend on this road after the Ayeyarwaddy crossing is over. Range: 66km, Time: 4hr10min, 16km/h medium, 25km/h maximumpeed. Shwebo-Kanbalu Tigyaing-Shwebo: Since the road from Kyauk-Kone to Kyauk-Kone is still very hard to cross at the intersection of Shwebo-Myintgyi and Toigyaing, the road from Mandalay-Bamaw to Singgu and from the two-lane Siggu-Ayeyarwaddy to Shwebo and Kanbalu must be chosen.
The Tigyang -Shwebo-Kanbalu-Straße can be categorized as 50% main road and 50% side road. Ideal for all types of HGV. On the side road section, from the Ayeyarwaddy bridges of Singgu, there is an asphalt trail to Kanbalu. 303km, time: 7h, 43km/h medium, 50km/h toppeed.
The road can be considered a side road, as it is asphalted on one track. In 2015, it was submerged up to 2 meters high around the road that approaches Kyun Hla. Otherwise it is suited for 6/10/12-wheel trucks. 43 km/h median, 50 km/h top-end. Kanbalu-Ye-U: It can be considered a side road as it is asphalted in one track.
It was not found, however, that the road is blocked because of the most severe flooding in 2015. Ye-U over the Mu is a one way viaduct. For 6/10/12 wheel trucks. Range: 84Km, Time: 2hr50min, 30Km/h avg., 35km/h toppeed. Shwebo-Mandalay Ye U- Shwebo: The Ye U bridges, crossed by a single-lane railway over the Mu to Shwebo and then the Shwebo-Mattayar-Mandalay road over the Singgu, Ayeyarwadi bridges to reach the Mandalay.
The street can be considered as 80% main street and only 20% side street. Ideal for all types of HGV. Two-track asphalt road over the Ayeyarwaddy(Siggu) Viaduct, single-track asphalt as far as Kanbalu. In the rainy period, when the Mu River rises, it will flooding the Mu River, but will not disturb road transport.
Range: 168km, Time: 4 hours, 42km/h medium, 50km/h toppeed. In the case of heavier lorries, the driving times should be significantly longer (plus +/- 40-50%). It is the only dual lane (concrete, some asphalt) dual road in Myanmar with four good conditions along its 587 km length. Lorries are not permitted on this express road and must instead use the old Yangon-Mandalay motorway (also called AH1), which run alongside the Yangon-Pyay-Meikhtila-Mandalay motorway and the road is broader than the other, the driving times are the same (650 km - 10 h30min vs 609Km, 10 h30min).
There are two routes for this road section: the first one is either Monywa-Ye U-Thickegyin-Paungbyin-Homalin (535Km) or the second option is Moywa-Kawlin-Pinlebu-Paungbyin-Homlin (527Km). Most of the lorries are used on the first section, while the second section is suitable for minibuses with 10 people and lightweight cars, as the stretch between Thickegyin and Paungbyin is rough and rocky.
Starting with the first itinerary, it has recently been considered an AH1 section for 210 km with asphalt and many upgraded links between the Monywa and Kale road sections. On the line Thickkeygyin-Paungbyin-Homalin and Pinlebu-Homalin only 6-wheelers (Canter & Nissan) are used and this section can also be seen as a gravel road, rocky road and in some places small.
Road improvements are getting better and better. The road can be classed as a third road because of the rocky and slim, no servicing for cars, scarce lorries and sparse population along the road. This can be classed as a third street. It is the only place with single-lane, small asphalt in this area that is generally a bit sheer.
In Lahe there are vans with 5 tonnages and in India 1. 5 tonnages are in use all year round between Sinte and Lahe. You can classify this street section as a side street. The road is broad enough to Tonmi and not too curvy and uphill. But it is a rocky and unpaved road.
In the case of heavier lorries, the driving times should be significantly longer (plus +/- 40-50%). Yangon to Taunggyi would be different for lightweight vehicles and large lorries as there are the Yangon-Naypyidaw-Pinlaung-Aungban-Taunggyi routes (AH1 to AH3 connecting in Aungban) and Yangon-Naypyitaw-Pyawbwe-Kalaw-Aungban-Taunggyi (AH1 connecting AH3 at Pyawbwe-Tharzi Junction). Under two, Yangon-Naypyitaw-Pyawbwe-Kalawbwe-Aungban-Taunggyi is considered widely used and road is despised its longer range than the other the travelling is the same (650 km ,10 h30min vs 609Km, 10h30min).
Two lanes of asphalt. from Yangon to Bago 4-track asphalt. Main road for HGVs. It' a two-lane, slippery asphalt and a good main road that' s suited for heavier HGV. Pass Payarngarzu turnoff road is precipitous and winds up Kalaw and in this section you can see many lorries stop for refrigeration of the motor and braking pads for long precipitous road.
Distances: 100km, Time: 2h33min, 40km/h diameter, 80km/h toppeed. Dual carriageway asphalt, this road is suited for large lorries. Range: 71km, Time: 1h50m, 40 km/h medium, 60 km/h toppeed. Asphalt in two lanes, via AH3 and side road (connecting road), suited for large HGV. Distances: 157km, Time: 3h40min, 43km/h diameter, 70km/h toppeed.
Dual track, suited for large lorries. Range: 123km, Time: 3h45min, 38km/h diameter, 50km/h toppeed. Two-track, slippery asphalt, over side road, suited for short-body HGVs (maximum 10 wheels) for some bends. Distances: 79km, Time: 1h30min, 40km/h medium, 55km/h toppeed. The road can be classed as a side road with slippery asphalt, but it can be small in undulating areas.
Compatible with 6-wheel lorries, but the 10-wheel lorries are clearly seen. Range: 285km, Time: 5hr35min, 51km/h diameter, 92km/h toppeed. The road can be classed as a side road with rough asphalt for 20 km, a terraced road with a small, steep bend up and down for 20 km. It' for 6 wheeled vehicles, but there are still 10-wheel lorries fighting their way there.
Mongpan Municipality Manager says there is a road development project along Mongpan, Mongton and Monghsat. Distances: 94km, Time: 3h45min, 51km/h diameter, 92km/h toppeed. Monday-Ponparkyin: It can be classed as a side road with slippery asphalt and via Narkaungmu, where many civilian groups are located.
Compatible with 12-wheel lorries. Though there are no large lorries to be seen during the tour, there are many lightweight cars and garages. 58km, time: 1 hour, 58 km/h averages, 65 km/h toppeed. Ponparkyin BP1: It can be classed as a side road with rough and rocky road. The actual road conditions are suited for 6 wheeled cars.
Distances: 16km, Time: 1h, 25km/h medium, 35km/h maximum velocity.