Myanmar Profile 2016Burma 2016 Profile
Mr. Scot Marciel U.S. Ambassador to Myanmar.
Coastal length on the basis of 2000 World Vector Shoreline 1:250,000 basis. Powered ocean-going commercial ships from 100 GT. Sea trading ships powered from 100 GT on 1 January. Sea trading ships from 1000 GT on 1 January.
Economic Environment in Myanmar - World Bank Enterprise Survey of Businessmen
These charts give an overall view of the random sampling and illustrate the main barriers to Myanmar's privatisation. Twelve charts below the charts summarise the most important facts and figures at the national and provincial level for the individual issues of the corporate world. From October 2016 to April 2017, entrepreneurs and top executives were surveyed in 607 companies.
According to a shortlist of 15 barriers in the commercial arena, entrepreneurs and top executives in 607 companies were asked to select the greatest of them. Create a custom Myanmar record with default error, indicators by fixed subgroup, historic dates and the like.
Mining prohibition policy | Reviews
Burma has spoken out in favour of the Mine Ban Treaty, but has not taken any action to join it. Although Myanmar has not acceded, it has attended several mine-prohibition agreement states' conventions as an observers, among others in 2013, 2012, 2011, 2006 and 2003. In May 2013 for the first time and again in April 2014, it attended the interim sessions of the TEU in Geneva.
Myanmar, however, did not attend the Third Review Conference of the UNFCCC in June 2014 or the Fourteenth Meeting of the Parties in Geneva in November-December 2015. In May 2016, Myanmar participated as an observers in the inter-sessional meeting in Geneva and its agent briefed the ICBL on land mines in Myanmar.
The National Ceasefire Treaty (NCA), ratified in October 2015 by eight ethical groups, states that the contracting partners will "end mine clearance" and "cooperate in the clearance of all landmines". "In November 2015, a new civilian administration was chosen, which resumed the peacemaking negotiations but did not conclude any further treaties until October 2016.
Burma was one of 17 nations that on 7 December 2015 abjured its vote on UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution 70/55 calling for the universalisation of the Mine Ban Treaty, as with all similar EU-Albandmine Treaty resolutions since 1997. The Halt Mine Use in Myanmar initiative hosted a Yangon news briefing in November 2015 to publish the 2015 Landmine Monitor on Myanmar.
Last week, the initiative handed out 2,000 of Burma's 2015 Myanmar Translations. Landmine Monitor has systematically recorded the use of anti-personnel land mine action by Myanmar/Burma federal and non-state armoured groups (NSAGs) since the release of its first 1999 AAR. Under the text of the National Ceasefire Convention, the contracting partners will "end mine clearance" and "cooperate in the clearance of all landmines".
"On 15 October 2015, eight militarized ethnical groups ratified the National Ceasefire Agreement. They had all waged mine wars before, among them two parliamentary groups of the Karen National Union, the Restoration Council for Shan State, the Arakan Liberation Party, the Pao National Liberation Organization, the All Burma Students Democratic Front, the Chin National Front and the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army.
1 ] Formerly known as the Union of Myanmar. Myanmar was renamed after the Burmese army jungle that ruled the state. 2 ] Htoo Thant, "Tatmadaw demands that the use of landmines be kept within limits", Myanmar Times, 13 September 2016. 4 ] U Wunna Maung Lwin made these declarations to the President of the eleventh Meeting of the Parties, Prak Sokhonn from Cambodia, in the fringes of the meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Association of South-East Asian States (ASEAN) in Phnom Penh in July 2012.
Myanmar is seriously considering the land mine contract as part of its state reforms", Mine Ban Implementation Support Unit Contract, July 12, 2012. "The establishment of the ASEAN community is not an end objective of ASEAN, but a landmark on the road to a sustainable, tranquil and wealthy region," New Light of Myanmar, November 19, 2012. 6 ] Monitor Interviews with the Patron of the National League for Democracy, Thura U Tin Oo, NLD HQ, Yangon, June 6, 2016.
7 ] According to the NCA design agreement reached by an editorial staff of both sides in March 2015 under Section 3: Armistice Issues, paragraph 5 (a) states: "Both sides shall undertake to end the following activities:....planting of landmines....". Collaborative mine-clearance activities are undertaken in coordination with the various layers of governance.
" See Mine Free Myanmar, "The Mine Ban and the Nationally Ceased Fire Process", August 11, 2015 for further analyses. Cf. also: "Rights of landmine casualties should be incorporated into the Bill on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Activists", New Light of Myanmar, 16 June 2014, p. 1. Please see ICABL, "Country Profile:
Myanmar/Burma: Mining Prohibition Policy", 30 October 2014. 9 ] Moe Myint, "New government called on to act on landmines in Burma", Irrawaddy, April 5, 2016. 10]"Message of the UN Secretary-General on the International Day for Mine Awareness and Mine Action Support", Global New Light of Myanmar, 4 April 2016. 11] "Press Conference and Publication of Landmine Monitor 2014 Myanmar/Burma Country Report", December 29, Yangon.
12 ]"Natives call for the elimination of land mines in Kutkai," Global New Light of Myanmar, March 3, 2016; and Nyein Nyein, " The Ethnic Civilians End to Army Abuses in Shan State," Irrawaddy, March 2, 2016. 13 ] "Sinbo inhabitants protested against land mines when the number of deaths increased", Elf Myanmar, 27 September 2016. 14 ] UNGA, "Situation of Myanmar's HRD ", A/31/71, 18 March 2016, p. 13, part 2.
15 ] "Report of the Secretary General on Childrens and armed conflicts in Myanmar", A/70/836-S/2016/360, 20 April 2016, p. 18, cf. paragraph 2. 16 ] Htoo Thant, "Tatmadaw demands that the use of landmines be kept within limits," Myanmar Times, 13 September 2016. 18 ] "Killing, disappearing, landmines killed during the Burmese army's attack in the Shan State," Shan Hearld Agency for News, December 28, 2015.
19 ] Monitor Interviews with humanitary organisations working with conflict-replaced populations in Kachin State, Yangon, October 9 and 13, 2015. 20 ] "Villagers Dead by Landmines", Burma News International, August 8, 2016. 21 ] Guy Dinmore and Wa Lone, "China Protesting After Land Mine Injuries," Myanmar Times, January 6, 2016. 22 ] "Landmine Slay Kayin Villager," Elf Myanmar, September 17, 2016.
24 ] U Wunna Maung Lwin made these declarations in the fringes of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Meeting in Phnom Penh in July 2012 to the President of the Eleventh Meeting of the States Parties, Prak Sokhonn. Myanmar is seriously considering the land mine contract as part of its state reforms", Mine Ban Implementation Support Unit Contract, July 12, 2012.
25 ] The Nationwide Cesefire Agreement between the Republic of Myanmar and Ethnic Associations of Arms (NCA) The NCA, ratified by some groups of arms in October 2015, states in Section 3: Armistice Issues, paragraph 5 (a) that "Both sides have agreed to end the following activities:.....the setting of landmines...".
Collaborative mine-clearance activities are undertaken in coordination with the various layers of governance. Mines-free Myanmar, "The Mine Ban and the Nationwide Cease-fire Process", 11 August 2015. 26] Peace Deal Signed, Global New Light of Myanmar, 16 October 2015, p. 1. KNU's factional armoured wings are the Karen Liberation Army (KNLA), the RCSS is the Shan State Army South's policy organisation, the ALP has its Arakan Liberation Army, the PNLO has its Pao Liberation Army and the CNF has the Chin Liberation Army.
In July 2006, the Chin National Front/Chin National Army waived its mission. In October 2003, the Arakan Rohingya National Organization and the National United Party of Arakan, both of which are no longer active in the military arena, waived their deployment. In April 2007, the Lahu Democratic Front (LDF), the Palaung State Liberation Army and the PPLO/Pa'O Peoples Liberation Army (PPLA) waived their deployment.
28 ]"Natives call for the elimination of land mines in Kutkai," Global New Light of Myanmar, March 3, 2016; and Nyein Nyein, " The Ethnic Civilians End to Army Abuses in Shan State," Irrawaddy, March 2, 2016. The Geneva Call calls for an end to the use of mines in North Shan State," July 14, 2016.
30 ] "Rebel Group Starts Attack at Laukkai", Global New Light of Myanmar, 29 November 2015. 31 ] "Kachin land mines killing last year 11," Elf Myanmar, January 31, 2016. 32 ] Maung Zaw, "RCSS faces land mine claims," Myanmar Times, February 18, 2016. 33 ] Thu Thu Aung, "One Death, Seven Injured in Shan State Land Mine Explosion", Myanmar Times, July 7, 2016.
34 ] See, for example, "Villagers and Daughters Hurt by Landmines in Hsipaw", Burma News International, July 22, 2016. 35 ] "Villagers Dead by Landmines", Burma News International, August 8, 2016. 36 ] "Landmine Slay Kayin Villager," Elf Myanmar, September 17, 2016. 37] Karen Human Rights Group, "Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Mone Township, April to May 2016", August 2016.
38 ] Unreleased information provided to the Landmine Monitor by the Karen Human Rights Group on 5 September 2016. 39] "Burma Army launches attacks throughout Kachin State," Free Burma Rangers Report, April 29, 2016. 40 ] Myanmar is producing a Claymore mine and a copy of the American M14 plastics mine by the MM1, which is modelled on the China mine Typ-59, the MM2, which is similar to the M14.
41 ] Htoo Thant, "Tatmadaw demands that the use of landmines be kept within limits," Myanmar Times, 13 September 2016. 42 ] See Landmines Monitor Report 2004, p. 938. 43 ] In 1999, Myanmar's Myanmar official to the United Nations declared its support for an anti-personnel mine embargo on imports, but no official embargo or embargo on imports was imposed.
See Land Mine Monitor Report 2000, p. 469. KNLA claimed all their brushes now knew how to make this'new' land mine. 45 ] The 2009 Landmine Monitor Report identifies the existence of M26-linked anti-personnel landmines in Myanmar, but is unable to reveal the origin or the identity of the users. See Landmines Monitor Report 2009, p. 1013.
46 ] "Drugs, arms and munitions confiscated from rogue Kokang groups", Global New Light of Myanmar, 27 February 2016. 47] "Tatmadaw conquers the KIA camp", Global New Light of Myanmar, 21 November 2015. 48 ] "Tatmadaw, BGF is combing the KKO of the Kawkariek region", Global New Light of Myanmar, July 20, 2015, p. 9. 49 ]"Fifty-eight members of the Kyaw Thet-Saw San Aung Group are returning to the lawful realm," Global New Light of Myanmar, July 29, 2015, p. 2.