Myanmar Post and TelecommunicationThe Myanmar Post and Telecommunications
Myanmar Post and Telecommunication
The Myanmar Posts and Telecommunications (Burmese: ????????????????????????????), or MPT for short) is a state-owned company in Myanmar under the oversight of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The MPT is operating the country's mail system. Myanmar Mailal Service now has 1294 post office locations across the nation. Myanmar Local Express Myanmar post office parcel service was launched in Yangon and Mandalay on 1 April 1992 and is now being expanded to 129 townships. 2,000 parcels have been delivered.
Up until 2013, it was Myanmar's only telecom provider. Also known as Myanmar Posts and Telelecommunications (Burmese: ????????????????????????????) is the first and premier Myanmar -based telecom provider of both permanent and wireless telecom solutions to individuals and businesses in Myanmar. Today, it runs a countrywide wireless communications infra-structure with the largest wireless penetration of 96% across Myanmar.
MPT, the established Myanmar telecommunication company, concluded a Joint Operations Agreement with KSGM in July 2014, owned by KDDI Corporation (KDDI) & Sumitomo Corporation (Sumitomo). Together, KDDI and Sumitomo have pledged to spend over $2 billion to speed up the growth of MPT and Myanmar's telecoms industries.
Burma Posts and Telecommunications History | Switchboard
Myanma Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) is the only telecommunications service company in Myanmar. Established in 1884 as a small mail and telegraph department, it has evolved into Myanma Posts and Telecommunications with approximately 1,800 people, of which approximately 380 are executives. Nine large divisions operate under their deputy directors/engineers in the areas of management, work and inspections, design, training, finances, warehousing, automated phones, foreign communication and telecomm.
MPT's three major service types are mail service, cable service and telephony service, for both national and international communications. Although the first wire telegrams were established in Myanmar in 1861, Myanmar's phone service began in 1884, eight years after the invention of the one-of-a-kind tool by Sir Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
There were about 1300 telephone wires in Yangon in 1884 and in the following years the growth was considerable and in 1937 connections to other 50 cities in the province were made through the use of overhead wires and line system for both telephone and telephone service.3 In the post-war era, telecommunications service grew further and in 1956 MPT started a Yangon automation with 4 router switch projects in Yangon, which was finalized in 1962.
At the end of 1962 there were 80 switchboards in the state, including 4 router machines in Yangon, and the overall number of phone connections was 14,754. In 1967, the number of telephones had risen to 21,444 and has been growing continuously ever since. Until the early 1970s in Yangon, the company had approximately 143 switches, 6 of which were automated.
In Yangon the number of telephones at that point was about 17,400 and about 22,000 nationalwide. In 1978, MPT started the first telecommunications engineering projects to promote and improve the telecommunications service provided. Projects include the erection of 3 Yangon's and 12 provincial towns, which include Mandalay, Myanmar's second capitol, the erection of 5 6 gigahertz 960-lead band analogue microwave base band system installations, the erection of 2 Yangon and another Mandalay based crossbars, the erection of a standard B ground terminal with an SPC global gateways and the deployment of an SPC telecommunicationswitch in Yangon.5.
. This first telecommunications deployment had created local loop connectivity for the first avenue in eight cities in Myanmar, among them Yangon and Mandalay. In those days, the 60 SCPC/IDR circuits of the B Space Base Unit had been directly connected to six nationalities. After the first of these projects was concluded, MPT proceeded with the second telecommunications engineering in 1985, which was concluded in 1987.
In the second part of the program, 13 Newexchangs 3 were added in Yangon and 10 in rural Cities. In contrast to the first one, the switching centers in the second of these projects are equipped with state-of-the-art technology. In the second phase, the overall number of PBXs was increased to 243 and the overall number of phones to 73203.7.
Automated UHF/VHF connections in the first and second telecommunication developments provided subscribers with a Trunk Dialing (STD) experience in 20 cities, among them Yangon and Mandalay. Both of these developments have made a significant contribution to promoting and reinforcing the socio-economic position of the state.
Financing for both was provided by the loan from the WB.8 The eight automated electronic exchange in eight rural cities was launched in 1987 in collaboration with the Government of Japan. With the existing material MPT was able to build the outdoor facility and put the 4 stock markets into operation.
Deployment of the 4 other exchange and outdoor cabling systems is still suspended.9 The construction of a Standard-A ground terminal and a new global gateway was also initiated in 1987 in collaboration with OECF Japanese Yen Loan. MPT, the only telecommunications service company in Myanmar, is continuously striving to expand the telecommunications network in Myanmar.
The MPT has also found that the developments in the telecommunications industry really support the economic expansion, the increase in production, the acceleration of industry activity, the enhancement of agricultural performance, the increase in transport efficiencies and the enhancement of societal justice.11 With these facts in the back of Mt.
Over the last few years, there has been a significant increase in call for telecommunications as a result of the current state of the economy on the basis of a market-oriented economy.12 The December 2005 stats show the numbers for switchboards at 848 and the number of phones at 482,128 including telephony, cell phones and WiFi (TDMA and CDMA-WLL).
Of the 848 local exchange offices, there are 182 ESS and 10 router offices and the other 656 are manually operated exchange offices with different capacities from 50 to 400 wires. There are 31 automated switchboards, i.e. 29 digtal and 2 switchers, in Yangon and the other province cities. There are currently 482,128 phones for 54.
The population of 31 million fetched the phone penetration of the land as 0. 89 per 100 population. QuantityManual 656Crossbar 10Analog ESS 1Digital ESS 181Total 848Telephones Direct Exchange Lines Number of telephonesConnected with manually operated switches 59,717 60,028Connected with matrix switches 18,935 22,556Connected with analogue ESS switches 238,238Connected with ESS 394,026 399,306Total 472,916 482,12813.
In order to improve the possibilities of nationwide telecommunication and to set up telephony services in strategically important frontier areas, from 1991 onwards internal ground satellites were set up. 14 The wireless system (Analog AMPS 800) was first put into operation in Yangon in December 1993.
The expansion and upgrade for 5000 devices through the launch of Digital AMPS was finished in early 1997 and the 7000 subscribers' devices are fully used. The Mandalay AMPS digital system for the first 1000 devices has been implemented and started up in March 1996, and full utilisation of AMPS is now underway.15.
Until February 1994, the company had used the 60 telephone channels of the 60 telephone channels in seven different nationalities. In March 1994, at the end of March 1999, the company started a standart A ground terminal with a new global network of switching hubs, which was operated via 866-digitally switched 866 voice-level networks via 14 country highways.
With the launch of the ground control system and the new global gateways, MPT has provided MPT with simple entry to the IDSD. Since the new GATWay crossover is a combination of two types of switches, it is also used as a domestic Yangon through-connector. MPT set up a second route between Yangon and Mandalay by establishing a domestic and domestic electronic switchboard in Mandalay, thus ensuring seamless links of transits.17 Using the KEDCF loans from the Government of Korea, three new electronic switchboards were set up in three rural cities for a series of 7 000 transmission links and went into operation in April 1994.18.
Since the beginning of 1995, MPT has implemented a wireless (WLL) automated wireless phone system (TDMA) for 1000 phones in Yangon and 700 phones in the area. In the same year 500 more phones were added in Yangon, along with 250 phones in Bagan. Hpa-an, Mandalay, Mawlamyine, Hanzada, Shinmataung and Kanbauk use the same system.
MPT also invested in Yangon and Mandalay in 1996 and intends to increase this in the years to come. European Digital Cordless Telephony System (DECT) is also being rolled out in 4 cities and a total of 2900 wires are in use. MPT has grown considerably in the last 8 years, but is still far from meeting the ever-growing demand for all types of telecommunications service, and MPT will continue to plan a fast expansion to keep pace with demand and will also plan to modernize its current service.
This will include the use of state-of-the-art telecommunications systems for new installation and the phase-out of old handsets and analogue equipment.20 MPT mobile phone system put into operation on 17.10.97. Burma is the first country to adopt this new emerging technologies in Southeast Asia. In Yangon, the system was put into operation with a fleet of 3,000 phone meters.
The X.25 package exchange system was implemented using Siemen's EWSP with 300 subscribers' terminal equipment in Yangon and 80 subscribers' terminal equipment in Mandalay. Now MPT operates the 138 Yangon and Mandalay line and 5,510 dial-in users.23. Its current global gateways switched and off-the-shelf A-satellite communications are the only available system connected to other world.
Myanmar's land based wireless communications centre and Yangon's GATWay Global Network Switcher will be connected to a fiber optic digital system.24. 70,000 in Yangon and 30,000 in Mandalay.25. The digitalization of the analogue exchange in Yangon, Mandalay and Taungoo and Pyay (55,000 wires in total) with Shanghai Bell Co.