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Myanmar: Important ethnical groups and where they are living | Myanmar
Burma formally recognizes 135 indigenous groups, but the Rohingya Muslims have been made stateless and deprived of their nationalities. Rohingya are often referred to as the most oppressed group in the underworld. It is an ethnical group of Muslims in the predominantly Buddhaist land and makes up about one million of the 50 million inhabitants.
Nearly all of them are living in Rakhine, one of the world' s impoverished states with three million inhabitants. Some 140,000 Rohingya in the state of Rakhine are living in ghetto-like encampments, which they cannot abandon without the approval of the Rakhine authorities. You can see below a card of the countries where the different ethnical groups are located.
From the 2014 census: 8 cards - Fifty Viss
This disparity is also noticeable in the neighbouring areas, so I have made a rapid run against WB figures to see where states and territories belong to the countries of the planet in order to further illustrate these huge inequalities. Women are 1.83 million more men than men. There are 93 men per 100 women in the Union.
On the state and regional levels, the number of men is higher than that of women only in Kachin State (108 men per 100 women). More women than men were recorded in the other 13 countries and regions. Gender disparities in Myanmar can be traced back to migrations and higher levels of masculine death, beginning with adulthood.
Much of Burma's 14 areas have feminine majorities, which is in line with the demography of other South East Asian states. Is Kachin State the only area with a higher percentage of men, perhaps due to the Kachin women's expulsion to China? The Shan and Kayah states have the same shares of men and woman.
The World Bank says this is a momentary picture of extremes: The census results show that the census shows a total of 76 people per km2. Yangon (716) is the most heavily settled area, followed by Mandalay (200). Kachin State (19) and Chin State (13) are the least populous areas.
The World Bank says this is a momentary picture of extremes: Jordan, Senegal, Morocco, Bosnia and Herzegovina, French Polynesia, Croatia, The results of the census show that 70 out of 100 individuals in Myanmar depend on the countryside and 30 on the city. The Yangon region has by far the highest percentage of inhabitants inhabiting city areas with 70 per cent, followed by Kachin with 36 per cent and Mandalay with 35 per cent.
The Ayeyawady region has the highest share of the country people with 86 per cent, followed by the Magway region with 85 per cent and the Sagaing region and the state of Rakhine with 83 per cent each. The World Bank says this is a momentary picture of extremes: The total rate of total infertility ( "TFR") is the number of fertile days a female would have if she experienced the currently observable age-specific infertility rate and if she survived to the end of her reproductive years, which is between 15 and 49 years.
According to the 2014 census, Myanmar's nonadjusted female fertilization is 2.29 per child, while the matrimonial fertilization is significantly higher at 4.03. Elevated ages at first marriages and the relatively high percentage of young, single Myanmar mothers may be the reason for the low mean number of births per female in the adult populations.
Fecundity figures differ greatly from state to state and region; they are highest in Chin (4.4), Kayin (3.4) and Kayah (3.3) and lower in Yangon (1.7) and Mandalay (1.9). The World Bank says this is a momentary picture of extremes: There are 72 child mortalities among children under five years of age at Union and the same patterns at both national and regional levels.
According to the Myanmar Population Survey, 62 out of 1,000 Burmese babies died before their first year. The longest awaited are those who have been living or were in the Yangon and Mon State regions, aged 71. The World Bank reports that Burma is thus located between Haiti (73) and Laos (71) in the highest quarter of the world' s southern Sahara:
Yangon is the highest share of homes using power for illumination (69.3 percent). Tanintharyi region has the smallest share, with 8.0 per cent of homes using power for illumination. The World Bank says this is a snap-shot of the extremes: 74. 3 per cent of homes had toilets that were either a lavatory or a watertight (improved mine latrine).
In the other homes, there were reports of conventional mine Latrine, pail surfacing Latrine, other Latrine shapes or no Latrine at all. The Yangon region had the highest share of sanitary improvement with 91 people. 1%, followed by Kayah State at 88. Five per cent. At 31, Rakhine State had by far the smallest share of homes with better sanitary installations.
Shan State followed with 63. 8% (Figure 48). The World Bank says Burma belongs to South Africa, the Philippines and Vietnam: Around 69 per cent of Myanmar's homes use wood for the fire. Electric power is used for boiling by 16 per cent of homes, while 12 per cent use wood-coal.
A total of 81 per cent of Myanmar's homes use timber as a source of nutrition. As many as 86 per cent of homes in the countryside use burning timber for their kitchen and only 5.6 per cent use power. Up to 52 per cent of homes in towns and cities use either burning lumber or coal for the kitchen.
Complete summaries are available on the website of the Ministry of Immigration and Population at www.dop.gov.mm/moip.