Myanmar Political Situation 2015Political situation in Myanmar 2015
National Politics and the 2015 Elections in Myanmar
Burma is on its way to the November 2015 elections, with an anticipated change of government from the old ruling class to the National League for Democracy (NLD). However, it is not clear whether the new political area, which has been established by the transfer from junta to junta by the junta, will give significant legal powers to political groups of national ethnicity.
- The 2015 parliamentary elections provide an important occasion to give the various Myanmar people a political vote and to enable them to follow their ambitions, provided they are truly free and equitable. - If the parliamentary elections are successful, they should represent another important stage in the nation's transitional phase from decade-long warlordship.
- Although nationalities political groups are likely to gain many votes in the surveys, the effects of identities and the division of votes from an ethnical and party-political point of view may result in election results underperforming. Political co-operation and reforms can help to achieve this. In the interests of peacemaking and stabilisation, it is vital that the democracy will give genuine hopes to the nationalities that they can have more power over their fate.
- The unequal sharing of political and commercial powers has long caused distrust and conflicts in Myanmar. Parliament-elect 2015 must be a new age of political integration and not of divisions in domestic policy. It is crucial after the post-electoral period that a comprehensive political debate be conducted at country stage to combine parliamentarian trials and cease-fire negotiations as a political road map for all people.
2010-2015: Burma at a glance
Burma had its first general election since 1990 in 2010, when Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won a landslide election - which was ignored by the Burmese armed forces. During the 2010 election, which took place during a period of armed government and global trading sanction, the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) received a legislative vote from former Armed Forces officer.
President Thein Sein was appointed and launched a meticulously designed, military-led democratically conducted process that is to lead to an election on 8 November, a poll that is considered to be the first outright controversial election in 25 years. November 7, 2010 - Burma's first election since 1990 is being conducted and generally criticized as manipulated in favor of the USDP.
USDP and its National Unity Party alliance, consisting of former members of Ne Win's Burma Socialist Programme Party, have won 76. November 13, 2010 - Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Peace Prize winner and NLD chief, is freed from houseinprison. March 30, 2011 - Former General Thein Sein will take up his post as Chairman of the country's first civil administration in almost 50 years.
June 9, 2011 - A dispute erupts between the Chinese supported Ta-pein Reservoir and the Kachin Independence Army in the north of Burma. August 18, 2011 - Thein Sein officially starts a national cease-fire trial with an invitation to talk to ethnic groups. August 19, 2011 - Thein Sein and Aung San Suu Kyi are meeting for the first official meeting in Naypyitaw.
September 30, 2011 - Thein Sein is suspending the disputed Myitsone hydroelectric power plant for the entire term of his administration. November 30, 2011 - Hillary Clinton is the first US Assistant Defense Minister to have visited Burma since 1955. It strikes both Thein Sein and Aung San Suu Kyi in the first signs of the country's reintegration into the West after almost half a centurys of sanction and insulation.
January 13, 2012 - The regime is releasing important political detainees, among them 88 Generation Students Leader, who headed the 1988 war. April 1, 2012 - The NLD won by-elections in 43 of 44 electoral districts, among them the capitol Naypyitaw. April 13, 2012 - A procession of high-ranking officials continue to come to Burma, among them UK Prime Minister David Cameron, who is calling for overturns.
June 8, 2012 - A struggle of intercommunal power breaks out in the north Arakan state when Buddhist Arakanese clashed with stateless Rohingya Muslims. August 20, 2012 - The Ministry of Information ends the process of grading before its release and removes decade-long, dramatic limitations on the use of the journal. October 21, 2012 - Extending violent sectarianism and the exodus of tens of thousands from their houses in Arakan, some 140,000 refugees, most of them Rohingya, have been internally displaced since then.
November 19, 2012 - Barack Obama is visiting Burma and will be the first acting US presidency to do so. April 22, 2013 - The European Union will lift all residual penalties against Burma, except those on the sale of weapons. February 9, 2015 - A battle breaks out in the Kokang region of north Shan State after Kokang insurgents attacked junta outposts.
May 19, 2015 - Thein Sein signed the first of four disputed "racial and religion laws" of Ma-Ba-Tha. June 25, 2015 - Military officials and USDP MPs blocked a referendum to modify a core provision of the Bill, ending Parliament's efforts to modify the Army's military power of caution.
July 3, 2015 - A high-ranking officer from Thein Sein's Bureau informs Reuters that he will not stand in the general election, referring to public concern, but says that he could be appointed by the House for a second presidential mandate. July 8, 2015 - The Union Election Commission is announcing general election on Sunday 8 November.
Later 93 political factions and 6,074 nominees will apply for the poll. August 12, 2015 - Parliamentary President Shwe Mann will be dismissed as head of the governing political group during an intern cleansing of the USDP. September 8, 2015 - The campaign for the parliamentary parliamentary election begins. September 20, 2015 - Erroneous electoral rolls are shown a second round during a second and last round in which the electorate can rectify their electoral registrations.
October 13, 2015 - The Union Electoral Commission withdraws the proposal to postpone the election due to a tsunami disaster in June and July. October 15, 2015 - The Karen National Union, the Democratic Benevolent Karen Army and the Shan State Army-South and four smaller minority ethnical groups of rebels signed a cease-fire deal with the state.
The agreement, however, rules out other mighty insurgent groups such as the Kachin Independence Army and the United Wa State Army.