Myanmar Physical GeographyPhysical Geography of Myanmar
Physics and Climate of Burma (Myanmar) ~ World Fence
Myanmar is mainly located in the tropical, between 10 and 28 degrees northern latitude. The Irrawaddy River forms the main arteries of draining and trade within its land forms, which generally follows a north-south course. Irrawaddy River Basin and the Danube River are home to most Burmese. Horseshoes made of hill and mountain around the main village provide a home for a multitude of people.
Myanmar can be subdivided into several different nature areas or areas. The most important thing in the economy and in terms of people is the lowland. It is a wide, slimy lower Irrawaddy that continues through the lowland, the Irrawaddy and the Chindwin River, which merge southwards of Mandalay. Irrawaddy's spring lies in the far northeastern hills, while Chindwin's lies in the Naga hills of the north-west.
Its lower Irrawaddy enters the Andaman Sea through the many canals of its deltas, which cover an area of about 26,000km2. Irrawaddy and Chindwin are the only large watercourses in Burma that are passable for most of their length.
The third is the Sittang stream, which springs southwards of Mandalay and runs alongside the lower Irrawaddy and flanked it to the north. From the Sittang to the lower Irrawaddy there are low hills named Pegu Yoma. On the shores of Irrawaddy and Chindwin a settled farming industry evolved and lasting societies were born.
Another important area is the Tenasserim - a small coastline between the Andaman Sea and the rugged hills that mark Burma's south-eastern boundary. The third part of the country is made up of east plateaus that suddenly emerge from the mainland. Well-known as the Shan Plateau, this area is wide in the northern part, but narrowing to the south into the Tenasserim hills.
It is irrigated by the Salween (from China) and several smaller streams that carve deep into the hilly uplands. Shan Plateau's southerly extent is bordered to the south by the southbound Salween and a northbound affluent, the Moei River. Though the lower part of the Salween passes through the plains in front of the Gulf of Martaban, the Moei is separated from the plains by the small, strongly ascending Dawna Range.
Far northern, the forth largest part of the country, is characterised by precipitous and jagged peaks, some up to 5,800 metres high. Fifth, the Western Alps, contain the "hills" of Patkai, Naga and Chin, which constitute a physical obstacle to migrating from the sub-continent of India. Known as Arakan Yoma, the mountain ranges isolate the coastline along the Bay of Bengal from the mainland.
Burma's 6th largest area is the coastline known as Arakan. The Arakan is long and small, traversed by many small streams that flow from the west into the Bay of Bengal. Since most of Burma is located in the tropics and borders the Indian Ocean, the country's climates are overshadowed by the southwestern monsoons, which occur between May and October.
The constant breeze loaded with rain creates up to 5,000 mm of precipitation in a small strip of coast, especially in Arakan and the Tenasserim. It rains up to 2,500 mm in the Irrawaddy river and in the lower part. Once the winches climb and pass over the Arakan Yoma, precipitation in the plain of Mandalay and the surrounding areas of Burma decreases to 650-1,000 mm.
The wind blows further north-east from the planes, adds new humidity and drops a slightly stronger drop onto the Shan Plateau. In the dry zone, the temperatures rise to 38 C (100 F) or more during the warm months of the year, while in the coast it is at least 6 C (10 F) chill.
At the Shan Plateau the temperatures are between 70° and 80° F (21°-27° C).