Myanmar on Map of AsiaBurma on the map of Asia
Burma Military, administrative, relief, physical and other map of Burma
Myanmar, formally the Republic of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a supreme state in Southeast Asia bordering Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. One third of Myanmar's 1,930 km (1,200 miles) circumference is a continuous coastal line along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
Burma covers 676,578 sqkm. Among the early civilizations in Myanmar were the Tibeto-Burmese talking Pyu city-states in Oberburma and the Mon empires in Unterburma. The Bamar stepped into the top Irrawaddy River basin in the ninth millennium, and after the pagan kingdom was established in the 1050', the Myanmar languages, cultures and Theravada Buddhism gradually became predominant in the area.
Reunited by the Taungoo dynasty in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, the land was for a short time the biggest kingdom in the annals of Southeast Asia. During the Konbaung dynasty of the early nineteenth centuries, the area was dominated by Myanmar and, for a short time, Manipur and Assam. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the Brits invaded Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese battles, and the land became a Britony.
In 1948 Myanmar became an autonomous state, first as a democracy and then, after a 1962 putsch, as a army regime. During most of its years of independence, the county was embroiled in an escalating racial conflict and Burma's countless communities were embroiled in one of the world's longest lasting civilian conflicts.
Throughout this period, the United Nations and several other organizations have been reporting persistent and systemic violation of international humanitarian law in the state. After a parliamentary elections in 2010, the army Junta was formally disbanded in 2011 and a nominal civil administration was appointed. Whilst former army rulers still exercise tremendous powers in the Burma, the Myanmar army has taken action to abandon sovereignty over the state.
Together with the liberation of Aung San Suu Kyi and detainees, this has helped to improve the country's balance sheet on humanitarian and external affairs and to ease trafficking and other forms of imposed on it. Burma is a land full of precious stones, jades, oils, natural gases and other minerals.
Myanmar's earnings shortfall is among the largest in the entire country, as a large part of the country's economic system is dominated by former junta partisans. According to the HDI (Human Developement Index), Myanmar had a low degree of growth from 2013, placing it in 150th place out of 187 states.