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Burma peace talks begin, high in symbolism and scepticism
NAYPYIDAW, Myanmar - In the largest act of her young regime to date, Myanmar ruler Daw Aung San Suu Kyi opened a Wednesday session to gather together several hundred of the country's populations in the hope of bringing an end to the decade-long war. This was the first meeting in seventy years that so many groups - the regime, parliament, naval and civilian groups and ethnically-argued groups - had come together to discuss the country's fighting.
It builds on the past year's joint achievement of the preceding regime in ensuring a nationwide ceasefire. Aung San Suu Kyi calls the trial "21st Century Panglong", referring to her father's inheritance, the independent character Aung San. He organized a 1947 Panglong Municipality Meeting of Peoples Leader, which contributed to the creation of contemporary Myanmar by gathering around the pledge of equity and self-determination.
However, the upbeat mood of the situation was shattered by the murder of Aung San a few month later and the riots that broke out shortly after the 1948 war. However, some respondents were complaining about rash plans, with speaker schedules being completed too belatedly, saying that too much focus was on Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's group.
In addition, her choice to nominate her long-time physician, Tin Myo Win, as the government's chief pacifist ambassador aroused concern that she values loyalties over expertise in her advisors. A number said that the Assembly was not comprehensive enough and noted that Mrs Aung San Suu Kyi had fixed the date for the meeting without consultation with key people.
Former President Thein Sein's 2011 administration, which initiated democracy change, urged a pre-election treaty for a land -slide won by Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy in November. At the end, only eight people from the ethnical groups with arms were signing the treaty.
Some have been shut down by the army's persistence in the ceasefire as a prerequisite for later participation in a wider policy of equality and power-sharing. Non-signatories to the agreement represent more than four-fifths of the country's total population, according to Bertil Lintner, the writer of several Myanmar literature.
However, the Peacemaking Summit also involves groups that have been expelled from the ceasefire arrangement, which is in fact the emblematic beginning of a long-awaited policy debate on federation and changes to the constitution. A number of ethnically militarized groups are struggling against each other. Gun groups and policy groups that claim to defend the same ethnical interests sometimes part.
A number of groups are forced by long-standing policy failures, while others are forced by the economy, such as the drug and Jade-trafficking. Small minorities in some areas of ethnicity are concerned that they could be marginalised if the dominating groups in these areas are given more independence by the state. To date, the Myanmar military, known as Tatmadaw, has shown support for Ms Aung San Suu Kyi.
Snr-Gen Min Aung Hlaing, who promptly acknowledged the N.L.D. triumph, recently made headline news by escorting Aung San Suu Kyi to a memorial service in a tomb in honor of her fathers and other freedom-characters. Shortly before the start of the meeting, three ethnical groups were hindered from participating because they did not want to give up any form of military resistance: the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army, the Ta'ang National Liberation Army and the Arakan Army.
"We the Wa are very angry that three groups are not participating in the conference," said San Malaw, who is responsible for the foreign relations of the United Wa State Army, which is the biggest ethnic-armed group with around 30,000 soldiers and is also supported by China. Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi's leadership has estranged some.
That year, her political group named two of its members head minister in Rakhine and Shan states, despite the fact that nominees from grassroots political groups won the referendum in the state poll. The 2008 constitution, drawn up by a former army administration - and otherwise criticised by Aung San Suu Kyi - allows this.
"Saw Mutu Say Po, leader of the Karen National Union, one of the world' s major international arms groups, said at the meeting entitled "We need a civic civilization that complements peace":