Myanmar News 20162016 Myanmar News
Latest 10 news from 2016
In 2016, with the ascent of the National League for Democracy-backed regime, an escalating number of conflicts in the country's ethnically diverse areas, a very fragile exchange rate and the Pokemon returns, the country was full of ups and downs and much of the unexpected and unforeseeable. MEPs of the Union's National League for Democracy-dominated parliamentary assembly took their seat on 1 February, with speculations about whom the Greens would elect as prime minister in the face of a constitutionally banned Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
Government officials were inaugurated on March 30, among them Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who took over the Ministries of Culture, Power, Foreign Policy and the President's Office. At the beginning of April, a parliamentary majoritarian adopted a bill that explicitly creates for Daw Aung San Suu Kyi the state advisor's mighty stance to frustrate the NLD leader's unconstitutional prohibition and to fulfill the NLD leader's promise to govern from a presidential stance.
Kachin, Shan and Kayin were all the theaters of conflict to differing extents this year, as several non-signatories to the countrywide cease-fire treaty continue to collide with the Tatmadaw. By the end of 2016, one of the most significant conflict - between the army and the Kachin Independence Army - could continue to spiral, as the Tatmadaw gained extra areas near KIA HQ in Laiza this weekend.
The Kayin State was the site of an inferior dispute in September and October, when a faction of the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army fought a common Tatmadaw-Border Guard Force quota in a struggle for possession. The Shan state was afflicted by several clashes with a large number of players this year, one of them the Ta'ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) against the Restoration Council of Shan State and another the United Wa State Army, which briefly intervened in the area of its long-time coalition partner, the National Democratic Alliance Army.
However, most of the conflict in Shan State has affected the Tatmadaw, and four ethnically militarized groups, who called their grouping the Northern Alliance Burma, said they had had enough in November to launch a co-ordinated attack on policing and militia facilities focused on Muse. Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army and the Arakan Army supported the Myanmar and KIA in conducting the first attack on November 20, and in the following few days victims were claimed on both sides and among the civil populations of the area.
Usually, the Kachin state, where a Tatmadaw action that began in mid-August, has made federal forces profits this months that could radically change the course of the country's declining reformation. Another intergovernmental attack pushed the KIA from its Gidon military stronghold on December 17, and another Kachin fighter headquarter near Laiza was taken over by the Tatmadaw this weekend.
The KIA, one of the country's largest international resistance, was caught up in a lengthy dispute with the Tatmadaw, which began in 2011, although it continued to be engaged in peaceful talks leading to the nationwide ceasefire agreement of 2015 and entitled to conclude the agreement, but has so far chosen not to do so.
In Buthidaung and Rathedaung the Tatmadaw began to search for Suspected Muslim "insurgents" by means of international funds. The International Organization for Migration reports that by 20 December at least 34,000 refugees had escaped to neighboring Bangladesh with allegations of homicide, plundering and sexually assaulted by both the regime and the Tatmadaw.
Following a series of intergovernmental pressures, which included the sentencing by Malaysia's PM and a concerted declaration by 14 Myanmar embassies, the US Presidential Director set up an investigative group to investigate accusations of violations and the motives for the bloc. Under the leadership of the Vice-President and former Head of Secret Service U Myint Swe, the Committee carried out a three-day on-site mission in mid-December.
According to official records, over 100 lives were lost and a number of communities destroyed. During a visit to Washington at the end of a stormy trip abroad in September, State Councillor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was sitting next to US President Barack Obama when he pronounced the lift of most of the residual sentences.
At the instigation of then-president Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the US system of imposition of economic penalties had been in place for almost two dozen years and was retained under the former regime of the former regime during her years of domestic detention. The eradication of the black list should drive forward the economy as the new administration tries to reconcile liberalization with the challenge of building a democracy and ending decade-long interethnic wars.
As well as lifted penalties, Washington said it would reaffirm Myanmar's right to benefit from the GSPs. In July, the infamous Myanmar Buddhist hard-line group's power and trial of strength were quickly disbanded with a hostile commentary by Yangon's prime ministers and a denial of the state of Sangha.
This national and interfaith protection commission, better known as Ma Ba Tha, has contributed to creating a culture of anxiety for Myanmar's minority religions, especially Muslims. Responding to the oral assault, Ma Ba Tha convened an urgent session with members of the main commission and urged the administration to sanction U Phyo Min Thein for his comments.
Instead, a National League for Democracy spokesman repeated that a governmental church advisory body is already monitoring Buddha's faith and making Ma Ba Tha inappropriate. More than a decade of meetings between more than a decade of gunmen and members of the Tatmadaw and Aung San Suu Kyi's administration and the Tatmadaw were held in Aung San Kyi's first great effort to govern the country's peacemaking efforts at the Panglong Conference of the twenty-first century, which was called on August 31st.
Your administration played down the expectation of a big deal at the meeting by restricting the matter to a range of prearranged interventions by various interest groups and insisted that issues of substance and negotiation were off the agenda. However, the meeting was praised for the list of participants that the organizers were able to put together, although there were no three ethnically militarized groups at variance with the Tatmadaw and the administration on the terms of their attendance.
One of the country's biggest militarized people, the United Wa State Army, was among those who sent agents, but a small thing the UWSA mission saw in the air after just one of them. Named after the historical gathering at which Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's late Bogyoke Aung San mediated the Panglong Agreement in 1947, the scheduled five-day convention was completed in just four working hours.
In October, Myanmar and Thailand supervised a historical renaturalization of over 70 people, some of whom had lived in Thailand for a few years and some of whom knew no other home. Thailand has sheltered tens of thousand Karen migrants who fled the Tatmadaw and ethnically motivated gunfighters in the 1980s.
Over the years, many have been reluctant to return because of the fear of land mines, new conflicts, retaliation and a shortage of financial resources. In the last 30 years, some have decided to relocate to third country like the United States, while others have made their own way back to Myanmar. The Karen Refugee Committee reported that 120,000 Myanmari refugees live in nine refugee centres along the Thai frontier.
As one of the NLD-backed government's most obvious attempts to overhaul a nation's wounded area, the Department of Natural Resources and Environment in July declared a ban on the granting of new or renewal of current licenses for the quarrying of precious stones and ita. However, the Department added that the freezing will only be reversed if the Myanmar Gems Act ordinances come into force and changes the terms at the mine and precious stone manufacturingites.
Also, there is a wide spread anger over the plundering of Myanmar's pristine richness in minerals under the present system, especially its incomparable iade-bearing. According to a 2015 Global Witness Research and Development Panel study, illegal, undeclared trading in 2014 was up to $31 billion, half of Myanmar's GNP.
According to the Department, more than 2,500 licenses for block of honeys and gems have been granted since the license was frozen in the second half of 2016, almost 1,000 of them in the Hpakant and Lone Khin mines in Kachin State. More than $2.2 million (K3 billion) was spent to finance repair work, of which $1 million came from China, and the Myanmar Tourism Federation committed to doubling the maintenance entry fee from 2 to 4 per cent.
The restorations, which are expected to take a year, are under way, but they are progressing at a slow pace, as many people, among them the State Council, are patient and refer to earlier sloppy restorations carried out after an 1975 quake that destroyed more than 600 coupons. 2016 was in many ways a frightening year for the Myanmar media, with slander bills being vigorously enforced, murder threatening members of the media for reporting on the current counterinsurgency in Rakhine state, and an editor's house bombarded in March.