Myanmar net Internet ServiceBurma Network Internet Service
Two main Internet service providers exist in Burma:
There has been a significant increase in Internet connection in recent years. A submarine wire will soon give the user more reason to celebrate.
Internet accessibility has improved significantly in recent years. A submarine wire will soon give more reason to party. Everyone who uses the Internet in Myanmar knows that what is possible in 2016 was almost a dream just two years ago. Myanmar telecoms have been making good news since Telenor and Ooredoo received cell phone licenses in June 2013 and began expanding their service the following year.
Myanmar's share of the Myanmar public with a cell telephone plan rose from just over 1 per cent in 2010 to 49.5 per cent four years later. In spite of the news coverage, little consideration has been given to the fiber-optic upgrades needed for the so-called "mobile revolution" in Myanmar. The cost of connection has remained more or less the same since then: although the cost of using your own smart card is low, the cost of your smart card is still too high for the general public to use the Internet.
Burma is linked to the global Internet via three connections: an underwater wire known as SEA-ME-WE 3, a large land-based connection to Thailand and a sparse land-based connection to China. Despite significant improvements since 2013, there are few global and national optical fibers; the grid does not have enough power and failures are still high.
All of these public-rent access is managed by state-owned Myanmar Posts and Telecommunications, a cost fixing roaming system that is seven to ten time higher than in Singapore and twice as expensive as in neighboring Thailand. Early this months, Singapore based Campana Group announced a turn-key agreement with Alcatel-Lucent, a global leading provider of underwater cabling systems, to deliver the first privately held underwater cabling to Myanmar.
Myanmar Malaysia-Thailand Internacional Connections (MYTHIC) cables will give Myanmar an additional 300 Gigabit per second of bandwith. Surveying work on the MYTHIC will begin in the next few month and the fiber optics line is scheduled to go into operation by April 2017. This will be Myanmar's second underwater fiber optical cord. The MYTHIC will also be the first "carrier-neutral" cabling in the state, which means that it will not give privileges to any telecom companies or operators.
The Campana is in discussions with the country's telecom operators about renting bandwith over the wire, but neither they nor the businesses wanted to make any comments. How telecoms and Internet service provisioners take advantage of lower pricing will dictate how much of these benefits will pass to the consumer and how quickly.
In order for the user to profit from the increase in global capacities, the local fiber optic network must be able to bear the higher burden. In addition to the increase in global capacities, MYTHIC was to make a much-needed Internet line available and significantly reduce the high costs of the Internet for the local consumer.
Because fiber optics are more susceptible on shore than in the sea, Campana is planning to place the wire in Thanlyin, next to the Bago River on the west edge of Yangon, the nearest secure docking site in the city. It will extend as far as Satun in the south of Thailand - a major crossroads for cross-border connections.
Alcatel-Lucent Head of Market Communication Francesca Cazzaniga said the agreement with Campana left her in control of the â??from A to C, which means that we will be designing the wire, making the wire, laying the wire and putting the system into operationâ?. In addition to the surveying work at the beginning of the installation, Alcatel-Lucent will service the cabling system after installation.
While MYTHIC is the most significant major advance in Myanmar's global interconnectivity, it is not the only remarkable evolution. She has established three distinct long distance routes from the UK (from 10 to 30 Gbps) - two to Thailand and one to China. "We are approximately 10 per cent totally dependent on MPT," said Joachim Rajaram, Telenor Myanmar VP and CIO.
Myanmar Telenor is also the first local telecom company to appear on the next Internet Stock Market (IX) in Singapore, starting to peer or directly share Google traffics. The Internet is an important Internet hub around the world, where data service provider and telecommunication company gather to handle data transfer without intermediaries.
Dyn Research's Doug Madory said that most telecommunications operators in the global telecommunications market have an agreement named "settlement free peering". Here, businesses arrange to transmit Internet communication to another company's networks free of cost. It' s a worldwide phenomenon, and Mr Madory says that Telenor's attendance at the Equinix Internet Exchange in Singapore means "the maturation of this network".
Ooredoo, the other global telecom giants starting in Myanmar in 2014, says there are also three fiber optic connections, two to Thailand and another to China. Researchers who are well acquainted with the issue, however, believe that at least one of Ooredoo's connections to Thailand is most likely a rented service on MPT's wire.
Having significantly boosted publicity expenditure since the loss of its exclusive rights in the wireless communications sector, IPMT is working on a new global connection that includes the introduction of SEA-ME-WE 5, an offshore submarine lead to Myanmar held by a group. MPS would not say when work would start on SEA-ME-WE 5's Myanmar office, but Yosuke Fukuma, an MPS PR consultant, and U Zaw Htay, an engineering in his offshore division, stated that it would be ready for operation by the end of 2017.
Unicom China has also worked to bring the new AAE-1 submarine power cord to Myanmar in collaboration with MPT. Zaw Htay said China Unicom currently only has one permit to touch down the wire and transfer back to China. It has requested a licensing to be able to sell within Myanmar's range.
A further way to diversify interconnectivity is for Ooredoo and Telenor to run their own global business hub. A global network is the place where Internet or Internet transport from one jurisdiction is aggregate and shared with other jurisdictions. The Campana Group applies for a license to run an interna-tional gate.
In spite of the nascent interconnectivity from a wide range of political groups, Mr Madory says that personal wires like Campana's are the way forward. There are usually more susceptible terraced connections and Myanmar's global connections are crashing almost every week. "This is a real subcable not in the possession of the federal administration.... this is the advanced way to do it," said Mr Madory.