Myanmar Muslim PopulationBurma Muslim population
Histoire of the Islamic Arrivals in Burma Myanmar
First Muslims arrived in Myanmar / Burmaâs Ayeyarwady river deltas, Tanintharyi coastline and Rakhine as sailors in the 9th centuries, before King Anawrahta of Bagan (or Pagan) founded the first Myanmar (Burmese) kingdom in 1055 AD. 1 ] The beginning of Muslim settlement and the spread of Islam was comprehensively recorded by the Arabian, the Persian, European as well as Chines travellers of the 9th cent.
6 ] Myanmar's present population are the offspring of Arabs, Persians, Turks, Moors, Muslims from India, Pakistan, Pathans, Bengal, China's Muslims and Malay, who deal with Burma's indigenous and many ethnical groups such as the Rakhine, Shan, Karen and Mon. Muslim populations in Myanmar grew during Britain's reign in Burma due to the new wave of Muslim migration from India.
In the post-1941 years, as a consequence of the Indian-Burmese immigration treaty, it fell significantly and was formally halted after the Burmese authorities' (Myanmar's) Independence on January 4, 1948. Moslems came to Burma as travellers, explorers, trailblazers, sailors, merchants, soldiers (volunteers and mercenaries) and POWs. There were some who were slaves, but many early Muslims were pros and experts such as kingly advisors and wardens.
Muslims from Persia travelled overland in their quest for China and reached North Burma on the (Chinese) frontier. Muslims in Myanmar were sometimes known as Pathi. The Bago / Pegu, Dala, Thanlyin / Syriam, Taninthayi /Tenasserim, Mottama / Martaban, Myeik / Mergui and Pathein /Bassein were full of Myanmar Muslim colonists and Muslims, who were often far superior to the native Myik.
A report said that Pathein was inhabited by Pathis. Bassein or Pathein was known as Pathi City among the three Muslim monarchs of India in Kawzar 583 (13th century). In 1255-1286, during the rule of Bagan King, Narathihapate, in the first Sino-Burman Wars, Kublaikhanâs invaded Muslim Tatars and invaded as far as Nga Saung Chan.
A first clue to a Muslim landings in Burma's chronicles was in 1044 A.D. at the time of the first Myanmar empire of Pagan (Bagan). Byat Wi and Byat Ta, two Arabian Muslim seamen of the Byat Ta and Byat Wi families, reached the coast of Burma near Thaton. There are Iraqi, Arabia and some Surthi North India Muslims with the same name.
And the Thaton kings were frightened of them and murdered their older brothers. His younger sibling escaped to Bagan and took shelter at the house of His Majesty and His Majesty as well. Later, they also acted as worry-makers to the emperor, even as specialized operatives, to penetrate the enemyâ??s inner circuit. Their fame came after they successfully invaded the bodyguard of the great Utibua.
This incident compelled the Chinese to conclude a peacemaking treaty with the Burmese. Opponents of the brethren released the rooms for the two tiles so that the King could notic it. Following a brief investigation, the monarch ordered the brethren to be punished for their insubordination, but they were later sentenced to their deaths.
Anawratha ('1044-1077 AD) also had Muslim military and bodyguard forces in Myanmar. As King Anawrahta Martaban, the capitol of Mon (Talaing) King, struck, Mingyi saw Swa Kaeâ, two Muslim officers who vehemently fought against his assault. King Anawrahta named a Muslim Arab as royal tutor for his boy, Prince Sawlu.
Acknowledged as Nga Yaman Kan in Burmese. The city was given by King Sawlu himself to his boyfriend from his early years, also an adopted bro, because they were eaten by the same chest as Raman Khan's dam was the nanny of Prince Sawlu. Sawlu was furious and called on Rahman Khan to take the Bago provinces to revolt against him.
It was Raman Khan who took up the invitation and successfully captured Sawlu and his armies in the marshlands. Sawlu tried to save Kyanzittha, but Sawlu declined to be saved and was later murdered by Raman Khan. It was Kyanzittha who became the third of the Bagan dynasty. The Malaysian annals, during the first Melacca Empire of Parameswara in the early 15th centuries, reported that Burmese (Muslim) seamen and merchants arrived there on a regular basis.
These Bago (Pegu) mariners, probably Muslims, were also accepted by the tenth century Arabian historicists. In the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries, there were many notes of Muslim merchants, mariners and colonists from Burma's entirety. Under Peik Thaung Min's rule in the early Bagan dynasty (652-660 AD), Arabian travellers from Madagascar to China via the East Indian islands paid a visit to the harbours of Thaton and Martaban.
During the seventeenth century, these Muslims ruled the trade and became so strong through their riches. Many Muslim seamen constructed a lot of temples, but these should better be referred to as temples, as they were sacred to Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus and Chinese alike. Sat Nay Min Gyi King (King Sane) had two flotilla of steamboats, known as Alarhee and Selamat, both are Arabic Muslim nicknames.
Myanmar missionary was sent to Mogul in 1711 by Shah Alam. In 1530-50 AD, when Tabinshwehti, TaungooKing, assaulted Hanthawaddy, Muslim troops helped Mons with arsenal. In 1613 Frederick Thanlyin, or Syriam, was taken prisoner by Royal Highness Royal Anaukpetlun and killed the rebels Nat Shin Naung and the portugese hired gunman Philip de Brito. India's Muslim hiredmen and five battleships were taken prisoner.
POWs were located in Myedu, Yamethin, Sagaing and Kyaukse in the northern part of Shwebo. In 1629-1648 King Thalun, the follower of Anaukpetlun, established these Muslims in Shwebo, Sagaing and Kyauks. POWs were colonized in Oberburma by consecutive Myanmar warlords. In 1539-1599 AD Muslim inmates from Bago were the first colonists.
Taborshwehti returned the Muslim detainees after the attacks on Arakan in 1546 and 1549 AD. Alaungpaya, king of India, attacks Assam and Manipur, bringing back more Muslims to set up in Burma. Later these Muslims were assembled to the heart of Burma's Muslims. His Majesty King Sane (Sa Nay Min Gyi) returned several thousand Muslim POWs from Sandoway and established himself in Myedu in 1707 AD.
3,000 Muslims from Arakan fled under King Sane in 1698-1714. Under the reign of King Bagyidaw (1819-37) Maha Bandula captured Assam and returned 40,000 POWs. Approximately half of them were probably Muslims. The Maha Bandula and the Burma Army wars in Ramu and Pan Ware were well known.
Myanmar caught a large gun, 200 guns, Sepoy Indians a mingled. Two hundred Muslims among them were resettled in the southern part of Amarapura, the southern part of the Myittha River. Raza Dirit Dagon (Yangon) invaded and invaded, Muslim troops from Burma were defending themselves and Raza Dirit also had to call on the help of Muslim seamen.
King Anawratha's armies (eleventh century) already had India troops and body guards, apparently also Muslims. In 1541 AD, when Tabinshwehti assaulted Martaban, many Muslims offered strong resistance. In 1568-1569 AD, when Bayinnaung successfully captured Ayuthaya (Thailand), he used the help of Muslim artillerists. In 1752-1760 AD King Alaungpaya captured Syrim.
POWs were compelled to join his forces. A. D. 1846-1853, Pagan Min named U Shwe Oh, a Burmese Muslim, Governor of the capital Amarapura. Also a Burmese Muslim, his private clerk U Paing gave a two miles long teak wooden pedestrian crossing over Taung Tha Man Lake.
The Governor of Bagan was also called a Muslim in 1850. Myanmar monarchs occupied many Muslims in their inner circle: The Muslims in Amarapura were about 20,000 homes at the Innwa (Ava) Empire (1855 A.D.). The majority of them were Sunnite Muslims. In the Konbaung dynasty's assault on Mons near Pyay, the Mon soldier Talapan was supported by Muslim warriors.
As a result of their gunfire, many Myanmar troops were injured and killed. So the mon troops and four Muslim wealthy men gave themselves up with the costly gifts, ammunition and four battleships. So, Alaungpaya converted the troops. Alungpaya assaulted Thanlyin or Syriam, and many Muslim artillerists were taken prisoner.
Alungpaya has taken four battleships and Muslim troops prisoner. Alaungpaya took Pegu prisoner and at the procession the Muslim Pathi troops were permitted to walk in their customary outfit. 400 Pathi Indians took part in the Royal Salute Procession. In 1783 King Bodawpaya Bodaw U Wine (Padon Mayor, Padon Min) (1781-1819) of the Konbaung Dynasty established Amarapura as his new city.
It was the first Myanmar king to recognize his Muslim subject by the following royal decrees. Nga Shwe Lu and Nga Shwe Aye to judge and determine the conflict and issues among his people. Prior to the Battle of Ramu and Pan War, Captain Nay Myo Gone Narrat Khan Sab Boâs 70 Cavalry (horse) regiment's march under the Myanmar armies of Maha Bandula was observed.
The Burmese Muslim riders were known in this Khan Sab Boâs 70 Cavalry (horse) regime. The name Khan Sab Boâs was Abdul Karim Khan and was the sire of Captain Wali Khan, who led the renowned Wali Khan Cavalry regime during King Mindon and King Thibaw. The British used 10,000 troops but were beaten.
Over 1300 faithful, courageous Kala Pyo Muslims (i.e. young Indians ) have been decorated with colorful, uniform. More than 100 Muslim Indians participated when the eighth Tharrawaddy Min (king) of the Konbaung dynasty walked on Okkalapa. Many Muslim troops also exist in other parts of the Tharrawaddy Minas military.
However, during the ninth pagan min. of the Konbaung dynasty (1846-52) there was a flaw in the Muslim world. Under the pagan Min government, the Mindon prince and his sibling Prince Ka Naung ran with their minions to Shwebo and began a revolt. The two Muslims who escorted the lords were U Bo and U Yuet.
Several Kala Pyo Muslim Myanmar artillerymen followed them. He was a Muslim from Burma sent to learn explosive materials. Many gunners in the Royal Defence Army were Kindar Kala Pyos and Myedu Muslims. King Mindon gave a gift in 1853. It ordered its Muslim troops of the Akbart Horse Cavalry, Wali Khan Horse Cavalry, Manipur Horse Cavalry and Sar Tho Horse Cavalry, a total of about 700 of them.
Usoe was the royal tailors of King Mindon. King Mindon made Kabul Maulavi an Muslim judge to rule Muslim matters according to Muslim custom and practice. Capt Min Htin Min Yazarâs 400 Muslims took part to clear the country for the construction of a new town in Mandalay.
Panthey Dans for the Myanmar Muslims. Generous King Mindon also allowed the construction of a religious site for the Panthay (Burmese Muslim Chinese) photographs of the Mandalay Panthay Moos. Within the palace walls, for the royal bodyguards, King Mindon himself gave and began the construction of the Mosque by placing the golden foundations in the south-eastern part of the palace near the present Independent Monument.
Mindon (1853-78) founded the remaining mansion in Mecca for his Muslim hajjis. This child gave the necessary amount to finish the construction that was begun with the contributions of Burma's Muslims. Capt. Bo Min Htin Kyaw and his 350 Kindar Kala Pyo gunner. Following King Thibaw's declared war with the Britons, the Myanmar army created three groups to protect itself against the UKs.
He was U Chone when he was chief secretary of the Kala Pyo Army. He wore the Chief Queen of Mindon on his back during the Myin Kun Myin Khone Tain uprising. In 1629 there were troops under Maha Min Htin Yar Tsar: 200 especially educated troops.