Myanmar Mogok PhotoMogok photo
Big blacked and serrated karst marbles are rising from the bottom of the forest. Remains of several small landmines can be seen in the back. This is a cottage with an interesting plaited straw canopy near one of the peridots. Some facetted Mogok Ruby. to get to the mythic mine area of Mogok and the local population.
A few in our group are posing for a photo at the check-point in the Mogok area. The Mogok Stone Tract is one of the most important gem extraction areas in Myanmar, a multifaceted gem setting with a multitude of large scale natural phenomena that have taken place over the years.
It is a geological complexity consisting mainly of metamorphous slate, ruby and spinellous and magmatic intrusive materials (granite, pygmy, syenitic, leucogranite) and scarn. Ruby, rose sapphires and spinels are mainly associated with crystal clear marbles, while blues and other colours of sapphires are found in leucogranites and syenites. There are an approximate 1000 to 1200 gem refills in the Mogok Stone Tract.
Techniques vary from open quarries in pebbles (locally referred to as Byon) to tunnelling in prime mines. Today, Mogok gemstones are in decline, especially floodplain minerals. As a result, more mechanisation and drillings are being carried out in the main economic stone for the production of marmor. A longstanding part of Mogok' s coal mines is the tradition of kanasé ma.
At the end of the sort, some gemstones escaped recognition and land in the overburden. According to regional customs, anyone who keeps the found gemstones may search them. The majority of these canasé ma "miners" are wives who are breaking up the rubble to find precious rocks and thus create a spring for small rocks for small indigenous market.
Foreign nationals have only been permitted to come to Mogok since 2013, with the loosening of tension, although they need a separate permit. However, a recent judgment states that no foreigner may come into the mine without a second permit. This was the first group to obtain this second approval, which would allow us to go into the mine under the new legislation.
In Mogok, Buddhaism and precious stone are important components of Mogok. It is the mountain top of Daw Nan Kyi Tempel, which contains outstanding jewels and is pervaded by Mogok' s mythical stone people. In Mogok, Buddhaism and precious stone are important components of Mogok. An exceptional example of the connection between precious stone and faith can be found in the wonderful Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda.
It shows an imposing Buddha made of pure whitemarble and two holy gold-plated Buddhas, encircled by complicated designs of reflected wall and column. During our trip to Mogok, we were able to see them thanks to two of our hosting companies, Tun Shwe, a long-time Mogok Gemstone Merchant and one of those in charge of the production and protection of the sockets, and his boy Aung Naing Tun, chairman of the Mogok Gems & Jewellery Entrepreneurs Association.
On the back are a noteworthy Buddha made of pure whitemarble and two smaller gold-plated Buddhas. Mokoko Daw Oo Pagoda's magnificent golden and sterling plinth, incrusted with precious stones, can only be seen once a year. On Mogok' s Cinema Market, most saleswomen are girls. Facetted ruby, spinel and sapphire. There are two standard sizes of gemstones in Mogok.
The shoppers go around and see gemstones on small desks or even on the floor. On the Blue Umbrella Square in the centre of Mogok, one of the biggest in the town. Most of them were from Nepal, who not only suggested spinel, ruby, sapphire, peridot and more, but also rocks that are not usual in Myanmar.
Nice scarlet spinel in its key. Heavier tool is used to excavate the hill for the precious stone materials that are pumped to the wash house, where it is cleaned and then sent to two large devices (center) where the precious stones are cut out. Mogok' biggest sapphirmine and the biggest prime mine is Baw Mar in West Mogok, near the city of Kyat Pyin.
It was founded in 1993 and connects open-cast and tunneling. In the last nine to ten years she has been producing some extraordinary gemstones, even up to 10 to 15 ct. From Baw Mar, the biggest rock was 2000 carat, but it was so black that it was split to find the brighter colours.
Baw Mar's proprietor, Ye Minn Htoon, known as Ko Choo, has a ruby mine near his home. It also conducts gemstone sales, which take place every three month for two working day, so that purchasers can check the gemstones and place biddings. The peridot is quarried in the Shan Hills around Bernardmyo, about 15 kilometres to the north-west of Mogok.
The city is located at an elevation of almost 2000 metres, and was built as a sanatorium and base after the Third Burma War around 1887, after Sir Charles Bernard, the British commissar of Upper Burma. This graveyard is heavily decayed, covered with growth and eroded by ground from neighbouring mines.
As we head to a mine of Peridots, we stop at a 140-year-old graveyard of soldiers near the town of Bernardmyo, ten leagues to the north-west of Mogok. We have a specimen of pearidot in his l andlord's beak. Entry to Yadana Shin Rubin Mine, the biggest in Mogok. On the floor the pebbles are broken marbles, the stone that hosts the jewels.
Visit to two ruby mining sites in Mogok. First was the private Yadana Shin mine, the biggest ruby mine in Mogok. Staff are remunerated in two ways, either by salaries or by a share of ruby purchases or by a mixture of both. Second was Ruby Dragon, a coal mine jointly operated with the Ministry of Mining of the State.
The mine has a sophisticated system of tunnels into the mountains at various levels, but at a depth of about 90 metres there are rocks. Workmen are sorting the pebbles and searching for jewels in the Yadana Shin Mine. Ruby in their mother-of-pearl whites. Ruby Dragon Mine is part of a large group of enterprises operating in Myanmar.
A miner takes one of the lifts to the Ruby Dragon Ruby mine and brings precious stone upstairs. Ruby Dragon Mine's sophisticated tunnelling system. The majority of them are located at a deep of about 90 m. It' one of the wells at the Ruby Dragon Mine. In the Ruby Dragon Mine, wagons carry the precious stone materials from the lifts to the lorries on tracks.
The Road to Mandalay While Kipling's infamous poetry depicts the post-Asian adventurous and exotic spirit of a UK military man, we had our own little extra Asian experience when the group set off for Mandalay to capture our plane to Bangkok after our beautiful trip to Mogok.
A large lorry loaded with bricks had tried to make a turn in the darkness three hour before on its way to Mogok, but got mired. Photographs used in this paper are by William Wold, Kentaro Emori, Mary Ng, Saengthip Saengbuangamlam, Ioannis Alexandris, Tasnara Sripoonjan and Cynthia Unninayar.