Myanmar Major ReligionBurma's main religion
MUANMAR IAN RELIONS
Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%), Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), spirituality (1.2%) and others (0.2%) are the major regions of the state. In its long past, there has been no such thing as intolerant religion or discriminatory religion in the Union of Myanmar. Myanmar arrived at the beginning of the early Christians and mixed with Hinduism (also brought from India) and Indian anime.
While the Pyu and Mon empires of the first millenium were Buddhists, the early Bamar tribes were animation. In 1056, according to the tradition, King Anawrahta of Bagan adopted Buddhism and went to battle with the King Thaton in the southern part of the land to gain the Buddhist canon and scholarly warriors.
A syncretistic blend of what might be called "pure" Buddhism (the Sri Lankan or Theravada school), with deeply entrenched aspects of primordial animation or nature worshipping and even threads of Hinduism and the Mahayana traditions of the North.
While Myanmar arrived at about the same timeframe, Islam has never set foot outside the geographic isolation of the coast, which extends from contemporary Bangladesh to the south to the Ayeyarwady deltas (the contemporary Rakhine, formerly known to the Britons as Arakan, and an autonomous empire until the 18th century). During the colonization era there was a massive flow of Muslim (and Hindu) Indians to Yangon and other towns, and most of the many Yangon migrants originated from them.
The Christianity was taken to Myanmar in the 19. cent. by Christianity. China's share of Myanmar's religion was small, but several ancient Yangon and other major Yangon towns were built in the XIX centuries. A large number of this immigration has recommenced since around 1990, but it seems that there is little interest in religion among today's immigrant population.
A number of more segregated tribes in the less accessible parts of the land still adhere to tradition. Myanmar's Roman Catholic Church, Myanmar Baptist Assembly and the Assemblies of God of Myanmar are the major Myanmar churches. Burma allows total liberty of religion and there does not seem to be any inter-religious tension as such (although there are ethnical ones, especially between the dominating Bamar and the descendents of migrant Indians who may find religion).
Nevertheless, the nationalist policies of the present Bama san-gyin government, which regards Buddhism as a core component of Burma, offer a systematic distortion in favor of Buddhists in favor of the military and other state organizations. Buddhism in Myanmar has been around for almost a millennium. Sasana Vamsa, by Pinyasami in the 18th century, summarizes much of the Buddhist story in Myanmar.
Buddhism was widespread among the Burmese during the time of King Anawrahta Theravada. Before he reigned, there was a type of Mahayana Buddhism known as Ari Buddhism. Including the veneration of Bodhisatta and Naga and the corrupted friars. Shin Arahan, a Thaton friar, proselytized Anawrahta to Theravada Buddhism.
Anawrahta sent an armies in 1057 to take the Mon town of Thaton to preserve the Tipitaka Buddha School canons. From then on, the Mon civilization was largely integrated into the Bamar civilization in Bagan. In spite of reforms, certain characteristics of Ari Buddhism and conventional nature veneration have been preserved. According to the monarchs of Bagan, such a large number of memorials, shrines and palagodas were constructed to honor the Buddist faith and doctrine that Bagan soon became an important archeological site.
Burma's domination of Bagan lasted until the Mongolian invasion in 1287. Meanwhile, the Shan have become a ruler throughout the entire area, now known as Myanmar. Thihathu, a Shan kings, founded the dominion in Bagan by patronizing and constructing many convents and cloisters. Theravada Buddhism was promoted around 1300 by the Mon empires, often governed by Shan chiefs.
Vareru, who became kings of Mottama (a Mon empire ), patronized Buddhism and instituted a Dhammathat (law book) drawn up by Buddhist friars. The former friar of Innwa, Dhammazedi founded sovereignty in the latter 1400' and united the Sangha in the Mon territory. It also standardized the ordinations of the friars listed in the Kalyani inscriptions.
Queen Shin Sawbu of Pegu, his mother-in-law, was also a great promoter of Buddhism. Bamar, who had escaped the Shan's invasion of Taungoo, built a realm there under the rule of Tabinshwehti and Bayinnaung, who captured and united most of contemporary Myanmar. This monarch also adopted the Mon civilization and Theravada Buddhism.
King Alaungpaya extended the Bamar empires in the mid-17th century and founded the Konbaung family. During the reign of King Bodawpaya, a child of Alaungpaya, a single cult of Thudamma ( "monks") was born. Mr Bodawpaya re-established the relations with Sri Lanka begun by Anawrahta and allowed reciprocal interference in matters of religion.
During the reign of the Konbaung Monarchs, both profane and sacred works of literature were written. There were many sub-Burmese friars who had settled in Mandalay, but by a Mindon Min edict they came back to minister to the Buddhist laity. But sangha shots emerged, which were solved during the Fifth Buddhist Synod in Mandalay.
Therefore, the friars were not legally registered. Buddhism was also not patronized by the British rule. Despite the tradition of avoiding civic activities, often religious took part in policy and the fight for independency. Theravada Buddhism has been promoted by both civilian and army regimes since 1948, when the nation became independent of Britain.
In the 1947 constitution it says: "The state recognises the particular status of Buddhism as the belief that the great majority of the Union's people have. "The Ministry of Religious Affairs, founded in 1948, was in charge of the continuation of Buddhism in Myanmar. 1954 in Rangoon, Yangon, Premier U Nu called the Sixth Buddhist Synod, which was attended by 2,500 people.
The World Buddhist University was founded during this period. He tried to overhaul Burma during the Ne Win junta (1962-1988) under Burma's socialist path, which included Buddhist features. During the 8888 uprising many friars took part and were murdered by Tatmadaws. Although the persecutions of people of other faiths, especially Islam and Christianity, continue, the present army system, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), supports Buddhism.
In the Myanmar traditions, at 7 years of old, a parent must sent their child to a convent to learn some Buddha istism. In Myanmar, the population is committed to religion and believes in Buddhism. After Buddhism, when he was a devout devil, the Buddha went out on horseback with his successor "Maung San" to meditate and find out what true living is and how the circle of living turns and how to reach nirvana, and that living consists of sufferings and there is no self after seeing the old, the ill, the deceased, the monk living in the King's Jard.
In Myanmar, too, the Myanmar population sends their kids to the convent for the purpose of upbringing. However, before they are sent to the convent, they are celebrating the "Shinbyu" wedding ceremonies. And then they are riding the horses like the Buddha when he went to meditate. He is sent to the convent after the tour.
There will be some instructions from the supreme monks of the convent. Then, he became bald and let the garment in, and he also quotes some Buddhistic doctrines and becomes a young friar. The next morning the proclamation of the Buddha School by the director of the convent takes place in the parental home with many persons.
Obermönche, the friars of the convent and the young friars stand on the conventional scene and first quote the sermons. The main friar will then give some instructions lasting at least 2h. The lay people are all offering sacrifices to the friar and sharing meals with the visitors, and all are very interested in the teaching of the Buddhist people.
Then, the ritual is concluded and the young friars are sent to the convent to attend classes in Buddhism where they must observe the Eight Commandments. You must spend at least 2 week in the convent. However, all Myanmar's mum and dad want their kids to continue learning the Buddha School for as long as possible during New Year's Day, Thingyan.
Buddhism has made important contribution to the evolution of Burma's policies. Burma's naturalism began with the establishment of the Young Men's Buddhaist Associations (YMBA) - modeled on the YMCA - which appeared throughout the state. Civil government, after the land achieved sovereignty, supported Buddhism by making large donations to finance the preservation and construction of Buddhist memorials.
Furthermore, the heads of various factions and members of parliament, especially U Nu, adopted Buddhist-influenced laws. It made Buddhism the state religion that isolates minorities, especially Kachin. Contemporary Buddhist supporters of the current army regime have turned it into a joke - "Burmese television has only two colors, black and yellow" - and describe the army uniform and the gold monk's garments or gold pagoda that covers the display.
This was also the site of the second college strikes in the 1936 war. Since she is a committed BUddhist and politician, she is regarded as a social committed Buddhist.