Myanmar Land areaBurma Rural Area
Geography, climates and populations
Burma has a population of 676 590 square kilometres (Table 1). countryâ??s is located on the south coast of the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the to the south and Bangladesh in the south, India in the NW, China in the NE and the Democratic Republic of Laos and Thailand in the SE.
Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi and Yangon. These are the north and west ranges, the east plateaus (Shan Plateau), the main basins and the coastline. All in all, the area under cultivation is almost 18. In 2009, the entire area under cultivation was around 12. or 91% for one-year cultivation and 1.1 million ha or 9% for perennial use.
Areas under cultivation are located in the area of the riverbed, while the main areas for further growth are in Myanmar, Chin, Kachin and Shan. Burmaâ??s Climates are tropic monsoons. Precipitation is strongly season-dependent and concentrates on the warm, wet seasons of the south-west month (May-October). Average precipitation is 2 341 mm per year.
The yearly precipitation varies from 4 000-6 000 mm along the coast and in the Rakhine and Tanintharyi hills to 500-1 000 mm in the middle arid area. Average precipitation rates are found in the areas of the Ayeyarwadi delta (2 000-3 000 mm), the Shan plain (1 000-2 000 mm) and the transition areas.
Like precipitation, 90 per cent of runoffs flow between May and October. The number of people living in these areas was 6 million, of which around 67 per cent were living in the countryside (Table 1). Myanmar has a dense populace of 70 inhabitants/km2, well below the levels of other South and Southeast Asian states.
Between 1999 and 2009, the average year on year increase in populations was around 0.7 per cent. In 2008, 71 per cent (75 per cent and 69 per cent for the municipal and country populations respectively) had better accessibility to wells. Accessibility to better sanitary facilities was 81 per cent (86 and 79 per cent for the municipal and country populations respectively).
In 2009, the entire agricultural community was around 18 years old. Six million, or 67 per cent of the working world. Out of the agricultural community, 48 per cent are female. The share of the agricultural sector in the GDP was 48 per cent in 2004. In 2004, the entire harvest area was approximately 16 721 000 ha, including 6 543 000 ha paddy field, 2 492 000 ha green pea and bean, 1 465 000 ha peanut, 655 000 ha peanuts and 511 000 sunflower (MOAI, 2010).
Burma is rich in mineral waters, but there are issues related to its irregular geographic and chronological distributions. Precipitation patterns are followed in the course of the month, which means that about 80 per cent flow during the months of monsoons (May-October) and 20 per cent during the droughts (November-April).
Myanmar's north-south directions are mirrored in the current of the main streams, two of which are internationally. There' are six freshwater basins: yeyarwady ( "Irrawaddy") Chindwin Riverside, which is almost entirely in Myanmar, is draining 58 per cent of the area. Lower and Chindwin. The Sittaung Pool, also entirely in Myanmar eastward of the lower part of the Ayeyarwadi, is draining 5.
4% of the area. The Thanlwin ( "Salween" in Thailand, "Nu" in China) riverside drained 18. 4% of the area, mainly the Shan Plains to the East. It originates in China and after entry it is the frontier to Thailand for about 110 km. Lankang (Mekong in China) Drained water in 4.
2% of the Far Eastern territories and borders the Democratic Republic of Laos. Burma is not a member of the Mekong River Commission. The Rakhine (Arakan) coastline in the western part flows into the Bay of Bengal. The Tanintharyi (Tenasserim) coastline in the southern part flows into the Andaman Sea.
The entire amount of in-house generated surfactant waters is put at 992. Ground waters ressources are expected to be 453. However, a large part of this river (about 443 km3/year) includes the bottom discharge of the river and is also classified as such. As a result, the resulting IRWR is 1002 in all.
and the 8th trillion kilometres (rivers in western Yunan) of China. Mekong is the 170 km long frontier with the Lao Democratic Republic. It originates in China, the overall volume flows 73 times a year. It is therefore expected that the overall amount of nature's renewables resource (including runoff from tributaries or boundary rivers) is 1 167.
Shan State's tInle Sea is the biggest, measuring approximately 24 km from the north to the southwest and 13 km from the easterly to the westerly direction and covers an area of 155km². Founded to co-ordinate the design and manage sprinkler system watersources, the watering division has set up some 200 sprinkling systems using built embankments, weir and locks.
There' a 15-foot outflow. This is a 4 724 x 23 metre large causeway with a volume of 0.222 cubic kilometres (MIC, 2006). It was constructed to allow arable land to be irrigated twice during the wet seasons, to provide extra drinking and drinking water when needed, to protect the Ngamoeyeik brook from flooding and to deliver around 600,000 cubic metres of fresh and contaminated waters to Yangon City every day.
The construction of the Mahuya and Paunglin reservoirs will help to make sure that the Ngamoeyeik reservoir is fully utilized. Actions have been taken to produce power from the Ngamoeyeik Reservoir (The new of Myanmar, 2003a). With a length of 6 km, the Thaphanseik Reservoir on the Mu Riviera in Sagaing, finished in 2001, is one of the biggest reservoirs in Southeast Asia.
This is a multi-purpose hydroelectric reservoir that supplies the nation with drinking air and energyâ??s Sedawgyi hydroelectric reservoir, located on the right side of the Chaunginagyi and with a total output of 25 MW, was put into operation in 1989. Ngalaik reservoir in Pyinmana municipality was finished in 1987 with a total length of 0.093 sqkm.
Chaungmagyi watering reservoir, also in Pyinmanaownship, was finished in 2003 and can hold 0.05 sq km (The new lightweight of Myanmar, 2003b). The Yezin Reservoir with a combined watering area of 0.074 square kilometres, which can water 6,400 hectares of farmland, is another important watering reservoir.
Kataik Reservoir, 71 metres high with a combined length and length of 0.07 square kilometres, was built in 2007 in the municipality of Paung. They are able to provide 4 050 ha of arable land with fresh drinking waters and contribute significantly to the region's economic growth, as the indigenous population is able to cultivate dual crops (The new lightweight of Myanmar, 2007).
Myanmar's hydroelectric power generation capability is expected to reach 40,000 MW, according to United Nations and other research. Up to 2002, 35 hydroelectric power plants (15 of which are medium-sized projects) with a combined output of 390 MW were constructed, which corresponds to only 1 per cent of the company's full workload.
In 2007, the Chinese authorities concluded an alliance with China Power Investment Corporation to build seven major hydroelectric power plants along the tributaries of Aeyarwady, Mali and Nâ??Mai in the state of Kachin. Myitsone embankment, the biggest, will be situated at the junction of the Mali and Nâ??Mai, which will then become the River Ayeyarwady and will be 152 m high with an installation capacity of 6 000 MW.
It will inundate an area bigger than Singapore in one of the worldâ??s most controversial biodiversities â?" ?hotspotsâ??. The Hatgyi and Tasang hydroelectric power plants are to be built on the Thanlwin riverbank (BRN, 2009).