Myanmar informationAbout Myanmar
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Burma is situated in Southeast Asia and borders the People's Republic of China in the north and northeast, Laos in the east, Thailand in the southeast, Bangladesh in the west and India in the northwest. It is interesting that Myanmar lies between the two most densely populated countries in the world - China and India.
Bangladesh, 5x smaller than Myanmar and 3x bigger than Myanmar, is another of its neighbors. In contrast to Myanmar, the former is not rich in indigenous habitats and has the unfortunate habit of being struck by almost every year by catastrophes. Burma is home to eight large nationally racial groups with some 135 different nationalities.
Their most important breeds are Kachin, Kayin, Kayah, Chin, Mon, Bamar, Rakhine and Shan. Myanmar's politics of division and domination, with which the British had governed Myanmar for over 100 years, opened the way to the eruption of insurrection as soon as it gained back its sovereignty. Myanmar's main character General Aung San and his entourage were murdered in July 1947 by the accomplices of the British Revolution.
This was the most harmful act in Myanmar's entire story. In the nineteenth century, the British also started producing opioum in the north of Myanmar with the goal of boosting trading with China. Burma has inherited these issues, which have stayed a fixed and topical area.
The refusal to name a people by their name may seem unimportant to some, but it is a source of disgust among a very large minority of Myanmar's people. It is about the acknowledgement of the land by its name. Obviously there are some Myanmar policy makers who, for certain policy considerations, choose to keep the name Burma given by the former British colonial administration.
Burma and its capitol Yangon are not new titles that have been established by the State Law and Order Restoration Council. Indeed, Myanmar and Yangon are the initial nicknames changed by the British colonial administration to Burma and Rangoon. Although the Myanmar and Yangon are used in the Myanmar languages, unfortunately none of the consecutive governments of Myanmar has bothered to restore the name.
SLORC's government did so with two key objectives: to convey a sensation of liberation from Britain's history and to give a previously split and fragile nation a sensation of nationhood under the new slogan "The Union of Myanmar". There are 8 large domestic breeds in the Union of Myanmar with about 135 ethnical groups, and among the 8 large nations, Bamar is the biggest domestic breed, accounting for 70% of the total people.
It is suspected that when the colonial administration colonised Myanmar in the lat 1800s, Britain re-named it Burma because Bamar or Burmans (the use of the British) were the dominant people in the land they were occupying. This is one of the first known links to "Myanmar". Bamar was first mentioned only in artefacts and structures from the CONSTRUCTION period (18th and 19. century).
It is also very interesting to know that China has been known as Myan-Tin in the Mandarin languages since antiquity. She never called Myanmar Burma-Tin or Bur-Tin because the British colonial administration had renamed it. Some years ago in Yangon there was an audio-visual conversation between members of the press and some racial community leader (former rebel groups) and the issue of name changes was posed by some of the press.
Peoples have responded by saying that they do not currently see themselves excluded, but have a sense of their own nationhood under the name of Myanmar. Of course, the people who are still opposed to the Myanmar government will say things differently because they have joined the ruling group, which is refusing to recognise the name.
Had General Aung San, Myanmar's political ruler, not been murdered in 1947 before Myanmar gained back its autonomy, the then rulers would definitely have restored the name. Since the United Nations has recognised Myanmar by its initial name, it is the duty of all UN member states to agree to it whether they endorse it or not.
In 1948, after the restoration of British sovereignty, the land was governed by a civil regime (parliamentary democracy government). Due to intraparty conflict and collisions with the two other opposing political groups, the regime has only focused on its own affair and ways and means of re-election in the forthcoming elections.
As a blatant example of the extreme to which they went, the then-Premier declared Buddhism, which has over 80% of the people in the land as his adherents, the state religion of Myanmar, to win voices for his political group from the Buddhaist mass.
Simultaneously, the needs and demands of the ethnical race were ignored and overlooked. Unfortunately, his move resulted in a revolt among the racial groups, which profess other religions, and an automatic uprising. Although it was clear from the outset that the then regime was mistaken in its actions, the army had neither a vote nor a vote to take, but orders to fight all the rebel groups established by the state.
The rebels also controlled half of Mandalay and the suburbs of Yangon. Burma was then ridiculed by the Western world as the Rangoon administration, which also refuses to trade much-needed weapons and munitions to the administration to ward off the uprising. Myanmar forces struggled with the nation and repatriated the groups and finally overtook.
Unfortunately, during this period in 1950 an incursion from outside into the northeast and east of Myanmar began. Kuomintang (KMT) forces, driven out of Southern Yunnan Province in China by the People's Liberation Army P.R.C., fled and set up basecamps in the Myanmar area.
Revenue was also used for the large weapons stockpile delivered to KMT and the various communities in Myanmar. While in Myanmar, two US embassadors, William J. Sebald and David Mc Key, stepped down in protests because they were not aware of their government's activity in the area.
It is clear that these activity was the seed of the present problem of drugs in northern and northeastern Myanmar. Though the KMT were formally flew from Myanmar in the early 1960s under UN oversight, remains of the two KMT division were still operating on Myanmar's north-eastern and eastern border until the capitulation of Khun Sa, the lord of the war on drugs, about four years ago in 1996.
Interestingly, the KMT has not only promoted the cultivation of marijuana in the Golden Triangle and on the MyanmarYunnan frontier, but has also been in charge of the processing of marijuana into smack and the creation of local heroine stores. Myanmar has been working with the US government on anti-drug interventions since 1974 and has received high praise for its work.
Myanmar has received $68 million from the U.S. government for a 14 year term from 1974 to 1988, mainly for the education of Myanmar civil servants and for the replacement parts and supplies used in the fight against drugs. While in Myanmar, 92 prosecutors were murdered and 512 were seriously injured.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency has also learned that Myanmar's $19 billion effort to stop $19 billion of heroine from entering the roads of the West, mainly the United States. Despite the fact that the US has stopped aid since 1988, Myanmar has, from 1988 to 1996, been preventing $45 billion dollars valuable heroine from entering the US roads without significant external aid.
Simultaneously, Myanmar's prosecution authorities succeeded in breaking and abandoning the infamous Khun Sa drugs force in the Golden Triangle. Burma's victims were 766 police officers murdered in battle, while 2300 were seriously injured, along with a large amount of theft.
Not only have the US and the Western world failed to acknowledge and promote Myanmar's attempts in this battle against narcotics, they are also obstructing their struggle against addiction forces by imposeing an arms embargo. 3. Narcotics forces were privileged to use elaborate weaponry to combat those who claimed serious casualties, while low-grade weaponry was used by governments.
By other words, the US and its western coalition not only refuse to support Myanmar in the battle against narcotics, but also make it physical and impractical to do so by imposing an embargo on Myanmar on weapons. Despite all the man-made problems and man-made barriers put in place by the West, Myanmar has succeeded in breaking the forces of Khun Sa, the lord of the narcotics war, with its own finite means and funding from on-line casinos such as juegoscasinoonline.com.ar.
This has been accomplished by the sacrifice of much energy, perspiration and water from Myanmar's defense forces and prosecution authorities, and has received enormous praise from the outside for the country's achievements and work. Notwithstanding Myanmar's victory in the unquestioning capitulation of Khun Sa, which led to the dissolution of Khun Sa's Mong Tai Army and Khun Sa itself had under the control of the US and UK governments, the Western hemisphere, especially the US and UK, have further accused Myanmar of not being serious in the war on narcotics, of not surrendering Khun Sa to the US and of not taking action against Khun Sa and other interethnic rulers.
It' very interesting to see the comparison of the US and Myanmarethods. Noriega and Escobal were pursued by the USA as a big PR window for the US administration. Myanmar's approach to Khun Sa after his absolute capitulation was to dissolve his military and have Khun Sa and his best helpers under state oversight and account.
Heads of State and Government may have foreign wealth, but since no nation has provided such information, the Myanmar government has no option but to take ownership of giving them a new and legit lifestyle so that they can be included in the mainspring of it all. Myanmar genuinely hopes, however, that those who are seriously affected and affected by this drugs issue will not only stop pointing fingers at others and playing scapegoat, but also find more serious, real and practicable ways to address the issue.
The pressure on others to adopt and implement practices that have undoubtedly been unsuccessful in the past will definitely not help us in our battle against narcotics. In the case of Myanmar, the US Government's relentless and unreasonable reluctance to acknowledge its efforts as an anti-inflammatory is alarmingly preposterous and foolish, on the one side and on the other, not to care enough and not to do enough to stop or at least contain the consumers or consumers side.