Myanmar important placesBurma Important Places
Buddhist holy places in Myanmar (Burma)
As Burma was conquered by the imperial throne at the end of the XIXth centuries, the Christian faith began to grow in popularity, leading to tension and divisions in monastery Hinduism. The Theravada-Schule ( "teaching of the elders" or "teaching of the elders") is the oldest and the original Indian doctrine in the field of Buddhistic philosphy.
This is practised in some Asiatic lands (especially Cambodia, Thailand, Bhutan, Sri Lanka) and with special emphasis on Myanmar (or Burma), the land with the highest percentage of Buddha religious people in the rest of the word. There are more than 500,000 members (another 75,000 are nuns), the overwhelming part ( almost 90%) of whom are members of the Thudhamma Nikayaorden.
Overwhelmingly, Burma's friars have chestnut brown coats, although others are also ocher, unlike neighboring Theravada lands such as Thailand, Laos and Sri Lanka, where most friars are dressed in ivory. Its principal practices follow the Five Commandments' Codex of Behavior (known as panca-silani and consists of the obligation to refrain from harm to life, to steal, to lie, to commit sex misbehaviour and to get drunk) in order to gain good merit through charities and good actions (dana) and to attain favorable bequest.
Today, the Teravada Buddhist traditions are practised by almost 90% of the world' s inhabitants in literally 5 of the most symbolic places and holy shrines in the world. Shwedagon ( "The Great Dagon Pagoda" or "The Golden Pagoda") is the holiest Buddhist one in Myanmar.
There are thought to be some relicts of the last four Buddhas of contemporary Calpa (a Sanskrit term that means an aeon, or a relatively long era - many- in Hindu and Buddhist cosmology). That is why Burma's astrologers set up an eight-day week* and the basis of the major pupa of the couch has an eight-sided form, encircled by 8 small chests that correspond to each of them.
Shwedagon is the biggest celebration of pagodas in the land, starting every year during the new Monday of the months Tabaung (March, in the typical Myanmar calendar) and lasts until the full one. For the first since 1988, when it was forbidden by the Council for the Restoration of Law and Order, the supporters in 2012 were celebrating the year.
The Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda (also known as Hpaung Daw U) contains five small Buddha pictures coated with a layer of goldfoil so that their initial form could no longer be recognized. Though the cloister is accessible to all, only men are permitted to place the gilt on the pictures.
Since it is mainly massive bullion, the pictures are very difficult. Every year during the 18-day period of the Myanmar Thadingyut ( "Thadingyut", September to October), four of the Buddha pictures are placed on a reproduction of a kingly ship, which is painted as a Hintha black and brought to the various villages on Lake Inle in a counterclockwise direction.
The 4 pictures always stay in the village's central shrine at noon. A high point of the event is the arrival of the pictures in the capital Nyaung Shwe, where most of the local people come to adore the pictures. In the past, the pictures were taken in a large parade to the King's residence, where they were kept for a few years.
Audiences were then permitted to come into the praying room and later the pictures were taken to the central shrine in Nyaung Shwe. At the moment the pictures are brought directly into the church and welcomed by a high-ranking civil servant. According to the legends, on a particularly breezy night, the ripples changed the boat and the pictures crashed into the canal.
One of the pictures would have been hard to find again, but on the return to the convent the picture was taken to its familiar place in a miraculous way. Mahamuni Pagoda (or Temple of Mahamuni Buddha, or" The Great Wise") originates from Arakan. There are only five early Buddhist portrait sites, two in India, two in paradise and the fifth in Myanmar's Mahamuni Buddha.
The Buddha called on Arakan in 554 B.C. and the Emperor asked him to shape his face. The Buddha then blown on the picture and transformed it into the precise copy of the Mahamuni; He said that the picture would last five thousand years as his aide.
A further myth refers to the Khmer bronzes that are placed in the northern end of the court. Ananda' s sanctuary was constructed in 1105. His name derives from Venerable Ananda, Buddha's co-in, one of his many principal students and devout followers.
Meaning "infinite wisdom" or "happiness", it is a favorite Buddhist and Hindu name. Westminster Abbey of Burma" and is also known as the "real rock museum". According to tradition, eight of King Kyanzittha's friars came near in search of charity and finally gave a graphical representation of the Nandamula cavern shrine (in the Himalayas) where they had been meditating.
At the time when the Emperor asked them into the castle to learn more detail, the friars referred to their spiritual meditation and gave the Emperor a vivid explanation of the countryside in the place where they had been. Happy with this display of his skills, the Emperor asked the friars to construct a similar sanctuary in the heart of the plain of Bagan.
Once the building of the sanctuary was finished, the royal had the architect slain to preserve its unique character and make sure that they did not erect such a building anywhere else. They also say that a baby was entombed with them so that they could act as guardians of the monarch.
During Pyahto (December to January), there is an anniversary celebration that lasts one sunday. For 72 hrs during the festivities 1000 friars sing the continual hymn of the writings. Millions of village people have travelled for several mile to pitch their camps around the temples. The mornings of the full moons they serve the present friars dishes with offering.
Kyaiktiyo's is a small rocky, golden rock constructed on a granitic rock with pendants on it. This is the third most important holy site in the land. According to the myth connected with the Buddha's visit to the Buddha, on one of his many occasions, he gave a man of his own accord to a recluse, which he put securely into his own coat.
It is this rope, according to tradition, that stops the rocks from falling down the hills. Kyaikhtiyo is a great place of dedication at the height of the religious calendar between November and March. Full Moonsday in Tabaung in March is a particular event for those who visit the sanctuary - on this date the deck of the pagodas is lit with ninety thousand candle lights as an awesome sacrifice to Buddha.
Pagodas also sell fruit, meals and frankincense. Have a look at the adventures we have in Myanmar - The League of Temples, Ethnicities and Smiles with Cau Costa.