Myanmar History Timeline

The History of Myanmar - Timeline

Burma Portrait View In 1057 - King Anawrahta establishes the first united Myanmar state in Pagan and accepts Theravada Buddhism. The AFPFL, under the leadership of Aung San, helps Britain liberate Burma from Japan's occupying forces in 1945. 1947- Aung San and six members of his transitional administration murdered by opposition politicians under the leadership of U Saw, a Aung San Nazi competitor.

Mr U Nu, Secretary of State in the Ba Maw administration, which governed Burma during the Japan invasion, asked to chair AFPFL and the administration. Mid -1950s - U Nu founded together with the Prime Minster of India Nehru, the President of Indonesia Sukarno, the President of Yugoslavia Tito and the President of Egypt Nasser the movement of non-league states. 1958-60 The Caretaker Administration, headed by Chief of Staff General Ne Win, emerged after a division of the AFPFL dominant partys.

National Democratic Front, composed of regional minorities organizing guerilla uprisings. In 1989 - Slorc proclaims the right of war, detains thousand of men, among them supporters of the democratic process and humanitarian laws, changes the name of Burma to "Myanmar" and the Yangon Republic becomes Yangon. Aung San Suu Kyi, the NLD chief and Aung San's daugther, is placed under house arrest. Aung San Suu Kyi has been arrested for her husband's murder.

1990- The opposition National League for Democracy (NLD) achieves a slippery win in the parliamentary elections, but the outcome is ignored by the army. 1991- Aung San Suu Kyi is Nobel Peace Prize winner for her dedication to peace and transformation. A number of detainees were set free to enhance Myanmar's reputation internationally. Aung San Suu Kyi is discharged from detention after six years.

Aung San Suu Kyi participates in the first ever National Democratic People' s Duma conference since her liberation; Slorc detains more than 200 representatives on their way to the convention. In 1998 - 300 MPs dismissed from detention; government refused to respect the time limit for the convocation of parliamentary session; students' protests were stopped. Aung San Suu Kyi rejected the terms of the governing commission for a trip by her UK counterpart, Michael Aris, to see if he had suffered from cancers.

September 2000 - The governing council removes barriers to the free movement of Aung San Suu Kyi and high-ranking NLD members. October 2000 - Aung San Suu Kyi begins clandestine discussions with the governing assembly. According to the authorities, the release reflects advances in discussions with NLD opponent Aung San Suu Kyi, who is still under detention.

November 2001 - President Jiang Zemin of China visited the country, issued a declaration of support for the country and reports that he was pressing for reforms in the economy. May 2002 - Pro-democracy activist Aung San Suu Kyi was freed after almost 20 month of detention. San Suu Kyi was taken into "protective custody" after collisions between her followers and members of the ruling group.

November 2003 - Five high-ranking NLD officials freed from detention after the attendance of a UN commissioner for humanitarian affairs. January 2004 - The Karen National Union - the most important antiethnic power in the world - and the Karen Administration agreed to end animosity. May 2004 - The constituent convent begins despite the National League for Democracy (NLD)' chairman Aung San Suu Kyi is still under home detention.

January 2007 - China and Russia reject a US Security Council Security Council draft motion calling on Myanmar to end persecution of minorities and opponents. April 2007 - Myanmar and the DPRK re-establish relations 24 years after their dissolution by Rangoon, blaming DPRK operatives for a fatal bombing of the visiting DPRK presidential candidate.

May 2007 - Aung San Suu Kyi's detention is prolonged for another year. June 2007 - In a curious move away from its normally impartial position, the International Committee of the Red Cross has accused the Myanmar authorities of abuse of the Myanmar people's right. September 2007 - The National Convention is concluded after the 14-year constitution negotiations with the US Armed Forces Administration.

San Suu Kyi is permitted to flee her home to welcome friars at demonstrations in Rangoon. The UN special representative Ibrahim Gambari will meet Aung San Suu Kyi, the head of the US government's conflict group. October 2007 - Normality is returning to Rangoon in the midst of a strong militarization. April 2008 - The government launches a proposal for a new constitutional law that would allocate a fourth of the parliamentary seat to the army and prohibit Aung San Suu Kyi, the head of the government's political party, from exercising her duties.

According to the 92% who vote for the bill, the authorities insist on the fact that they can manage the consequences of the hurricane without outside help. The junta is renewing Aung San Suu Kyi's detention. December 2008 - The Chinese authorities sign an agreement with a syndicate of four companies to supply methane to neighboring China despite protest from China's major humanitarian groups.

Burma is denying the presence of the ethnic group. For the first year in a year, UN commissioner Ibrahim Gambari is meeting again with Aung San Suu Kyi, the head of the US parliamentary group. Burma says it was remarkable in view of his length of service. April 2009 - The National League for Democracy's (NLD) major opposition group is offering to participate in scheduled election when the administration releases all policymakers, amends the statute and invites overseas monitors.

Myanmar now allows the UN to provide all the personnel it needs. August 2009 - Opposition opposition Leader Aung San Suu Kyi is sentenced for violating the terms of her detention after an unwanted US citizen visited her home in May. Prison term of three years is converted into 18 month home ground.

October 2009 - Aung San Suu Kyi begins talking to Myanmar's army commanders and meets with West African officials. Suu Kyi's surrogate had served more than a decade in jail or under home detention. March 2010 - The government announced that long-awaited elections legislation had been adopted, with rules for an elections committee carefully selected by the ruling ruling junta. 21 March 2010 - The government has announced that the elections will take place in the coming months.

October 2010 - Government changes flags, anthems and name. Opposing groups claim that popular scams are being committed and the elections are being severely denounced as deceptive. Two weeks after the elections, Aung San Suu Kyi - who was denied her right to participate - is exempted from detention. January 2011 - Government approves Aung San Suu Kyi's access to the web.

March 2011 - Thein Sein is inaugurated as the head of a new, nominal civil administration. August 2011 - Thein Sein met Aung San Suu Kyi in Nay Pyi Taw. September 2011 - Thein Sein suspended building of Myitsone, a China-financed hydropower plant, which is on the move and showing greater open-mindedness to popular opinions.

October 2011 - Some detainees are released during a general anamnesis. November 2011- Democracy-friendly Aung San Suu Kyi says she will make herself available for parliamentary elections as her side returns to the electoral game. December 2011 - US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited, met Aung San Suu Kyi and had discussions with President Thein Sein.

For the first of its kind, President Thein Sein has signed a bill permitting peace ful rallies; the NLD has re-registered as a leading democratic candidate before the 2012 election by-elections for president Sein's office. January 2012 - The government signed a cease-fire with Karen Ethnie insurgents. April 2012 - NLD candidate sweeps the executive committee in by-elections to power in 2012 April, with Aung San Suu Kyi chosen.

August 2012 - President Thein Sein establishes a committee to study the violent conflict between Rhenish Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in the Western world, in which tens of people have lost their lives. Burma is abolishing the previous publications' sterilisation of the press. President Thein Sein replaced stubborn Information Minister Kyaw Hsan with Aung Kyi, the military's chief negotiator for a large restructuring of the government.

September 2012 - Moe Thee Zun, the head of the 1988 students' protest, is returning from office after Burma struck 2,082 Burmese off the black list. November 2012 - Jose Manuel Barroso, the European Commission's head of staff, is offering Myanmar more than $100 million in foreign assistance. President Barack Obama is on a visit to propose "the Hands of Friendship" in exchange for further reform.

Governments and insurgents agreed to withdraw after Chinese encouraged discussions and to engage in policy dialog. May 2013 - President Thein Sein arrives in Washington. President Obama praised Myanmar's achievements in politics and the economy, but criticised the brutality against the Rohingya Muslims. April 2014 - At least 22 persons are murdered in fights between Kachin tribes and Kachin tribes in the south.

October 2014 - Legislative election is scheduled for October/November 2015. Goverment has announced the liberation of 3,000 detainees. The Kokang area is placed under transitional military jurisdiction by the state. In the run-up to the suggested constitution referenda, the Muslim Rohingyas is deprived of its limited right to vote by the Muslim regime following Buddhist road demonstrations. March 2015 - A cease-fire bill is drafted and ratified by the federal administration and 16 insurgent groups.

November 2015 - The opposition National League for Democracy - headed by Aung San Suu Kyi - gains enough votes in the general election to constitute a state. March 2016 - Htin Kyaw swears in as governor and ushers in a new epoch in which Aung San Suu Kyi's democratic movements take over after 50 years of command.

October 2017 - The number of Rohingya Muslims fleeing Rakhine State and seeking shelter in Bangladesh is valued at one million. March 2018 - President Htin Kyaw steps down for medical reasons.

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