Myanmar History SummaryThe Myanmar History Summary
<font color="#ffff00">British Collonialism
Burma was governed with an unwavering determination long before the present government came to power. And Myanmar was governed with an unyielding will. Between the early nineteenth and the Second World War, Burma was dominated by the British Empire's voracious maschine. The British were preceded by the ancient monarchs, who came to rule by removing rival claimants to the crown.
Traced back to the 13th and 17th centuries, we find the Himalayan Bamar tribe, which makes up two third of the Tibetan tribe, at the mercy of the Tibetan plateau of Mon. In 1287 Kublai Khan and his Mongolian hords sweeped through Bagan and accelerated Myanmar's demise into the Middle Age. With the advent of the Europeans - first the Portuguese in the sixteenth and then the British, who had already colonized India and were looking for more land in the east - history is picking up speed again.
All of Myanmar was taken over by the Brits in three trains (1824, 1852 and 1885). Burma's kings and queens were banished to India and their large Mandalay castle was plundered and used as a military base for English and Indians as well. Myanmar's demography and infrastructures changed dramatically during the war.
Brits were building railroads and harbours, and many UK businesses were growing in trade in tea and travel. A lot of people in Burma were dissatisfied with the country's settlement situation. There was a development of a nationist motion and protests, often conducted by Buddhaist friars. The two renowned Nazi friars, U Ottama and U Wizaya, were killed in a UK jail and are still worshipped today.
Throughout the Second World War, the Japanese, along with the Burma Independence Army (BIA), expelled the British from Myanmar and proclaimed it an autonomous state. However, the Japanese were only able to sustain Burma's strong backing for a brief period of clampdown before their hard and haughty behaviour estranged the Myanmar population. Toward the end of the conflict, the Myanmar changed sides and struggled with the Allies to expel the Japanese.
The Bogyoke Aung San came out of the mist of time as the county's undisputed ruler. As an early nationalist and then Defense Secretary in the Burmese National Army, Aung San was the man who kept the nation together through the process of becoming independent. In 1947, when the election took place, Aung San's political group won an overweight.
In 1948 Aung San's protege U Nu became independent. 1962 General Ne Win took over the Armed Forces and put the land on the'Burmese Way to Socialism'. In 1987 it had practically come to a halt, and the long-suffering Myanmar tribe ruled that it had had had enough of its uncompetent state.
In May 1989, the troubled regime quickly constituted Orwell's Slorc (State law and order restoration council), proclaimed the laws of war and pledged to conduct political democracy as well. Under Bogyoke Aung San's charming subsidiary, Aung San Suu Kyi, the Opposition organized an opposing National League for Democracy (NLD). At about the same timeframe, Slorc shifted the formal name of the land from the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar, asserting that "Burma" was a remnant of American colonialism.
As Burma's people gathered around the NLD, the Slorc became more and more uptight. She placed Aung San Suu Kyi under internal detention and delayed the elections. In 1991 Aung San Suu Kyi received the Nobel Peace Prize and was eventually freed from home detention in July 1995. Aung San Suu Kyi repeatedly rejected an offer of liberty against exiled from the land during her detention, and despite an on-going discussion within the pro-democracy movements on the upcoming policy, her reputation throughout Myanmar is as high as ever.
As a symbol of the country's dynamic development, Suu Kyi Yangon withdrew from the Yangon Peninsula in 2011 for the first in eight years, and in May 2012 Suu Kyi joined the lower chamber of Burma's parliamentary assembly as a member of parliaments.