Myanmar History factsBurma History Facts
Burma or Myanmar | Facts and History
Goverment: Myanmar (formerly known as "Burma") has undergone significant policy reform in 2011. Thein Sein, who was the first non-interimist civil Myanmar official to be voted in 49 years, is its present chairman. Pyidaungsu Hluttaw has two houses: the top 224-seater Amyotha Hluttaw (House of Nationalities) and the lower 440-seater Pyithu Hluttaw (House of Representatives).
Though Myanmar's army no longer rules completely, it still appoints a considerable number of lawmakers - 56 of the members of the top family and 110 of the members of the lower chamber are soldiers. Elections of the other 168 or 330 members are by popular vote. Winning a failed December 1990 democratically run elections and then under detention for most of the following two decennia, Aung San Suu Kyi is now a member of Pyithu Hluttaw, which represents Kawhmu.
Formal lingua franca Myanmar's main foreign-language language is Burmese, a Chinese-Tibetan mother-tongue of somewhat more than half of the country's population. It also formally recognises several minorities in the autonomous states of Myanmar: Burma probably has about 55. Five million of them, even though censuses are deemed unsound.
Burma is an importer of both migrants ('millions in Thailand alone') and migrants. The number of Myanmar migrants in neighbouring Thailand, India, Bangladesh and Malaysia is more than 300,000. Myanmar's administration formally recognises 135 nationalities. The Bamar is by far the biggest with approx. 68%.
First and foremost, Myanmar is a Theravada Buddhist society, with about 89% of the people. Many Burmese are very faithful and show great reverence to them. Myanmar's religion is not controlled by the state. Thus, there are minorities such as Christianity (4% of the population), Islam (4%), animism (1%) and small groups of Hindus, Taoists and Mahayana Buddhists.
With an area of 678,500 km2, Myanmar is the biggest nation in Southeast Asia. Myanmar's coast is about 1,200 nautical mile ('1,930 km) long. Myanmar's highest point is Hkakabo Razi at 5,881m. Myanmar's main watercourses are the Irrawaddy, Thanlwin and Sittang.
Myanmar's weather is determined by the monsoon, which brings up to 5,000 mm of rains to the coast every year. The" arid zone" in the interior of Burma still gets up to 1,000 mm of rainfall per year. Burma was the wealthiest nation in Southeast Asia under the colonization of Britain, flooded with jewels, olive wood and precious wood.
Unfortunately, after many years of maladministration by the dictatorial regime after gaining sovereignty, Myanmar has become one of the worlds impoverished states. Myanmar's economic activity is 56% dependent on farming, 35% on service industries and 8% on manufacturing. Exports includes rices, oils, Burmese tea, ruby, jade and also 8% of the world's illicit drug supply, mainly opioid and methamphetamine.
Myanmar's money is Kyoto. From February 2014, $1 US = 980 Myanmar Kuro. Myanmar's history: Myanmar has been inhabited for at least 15,000 years. The Pyu migrated to North Burma in the 1. cent. BC and founded 18 town states, among them Sri Ksetra, Binnaka and Halingyi.
As the Khmer Empire of Angkor expanded its rule, the Mon of Thailand were driven westwards to Myanmar. In the sixth to eighth century, they founded kings in the south of Myanmar, among them Thaton and Pegu. Around 850 the Pyu tribe was received by another group, the Bamar, who reigned a mighty empire with their capitol Bagan.
Bagan grew gradually in power until it was able to conquer the Mon in Thaton in 1057 and for the first case in history unify all of Myanmar under one kings. Bagan reigned until 1289, when their capitol was conquered by the Mongols. Following the collapse of Bagan, Myanmar was split into several competing states, among them Ava and Bago.
In 1527 Myanmar reunited under the Toungoo dynasty, which reigned from 1486 to 1599 CE Myanmar. Between 1759 and 1824 Myanmar was at the height of its might under the Konbaung dynasty. Coming from its new capitol Yangon (Rangoon), the Konbaung Empire captured Thailand, parts of South China, Manipur, Arakan and Assam, India.
In the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826) Britain and Siam joined forces to conquer Myanmar. Burma suffered some of its recent conquest, but was intact. Soon, however, the Brits began to desire Myanmar's abundant natural resource and in 1852 launched the Second Anglo-Burmese War. In 1885, the Brits took over South Burma and added the remainder of the land to its territory after the Third Anglo-Burmese War.
Though Burma generated much prosperity under UK domination, almost all the benefits went to UK civil servants and their importing indians. There was little use for the Myanmar population. Britain reacted to the dissatisfaction of the Myanmar with a clumsy approach that was later reflected by tribal army leaders. Solders also shot into a monk-led rally in Mandalay and killed 17 of them.
Burma's nationals joined forces with Japan during the Second World War, and Burma achieved its independence from Britain in 1948.