Myanmar History and CultureHistory and Culture of Myanmar
The cultural exchange between China and Myanmar has a time-honored history.
Culture and Living
Since the first millennium Buddhism has been part of Myanmar's culture and has mixed with non-Buddhist convictions. One of the most striking manifestations of Buddhaist culture is the splendid architectural and sculptural features of Myanmar's many churches and convents, especially in Yangon, Mandalay and Pagan (Bagan), the site of the old empire of western center of Myanmar.
Myanmar's culture is also a mixture of regal and shared traditonal. Though the Burmese court's tragic rituals seemed to die after the abolition of the Burmese empire in the latter part of the nineteenth centuries, the ruling class lived through them in a non-royal setting among the population. The Burmese play an important part in the most dramatically changing form of Burmese people.
Accompanying the various PWEs is the band hangin' awaing, a percussion band with strong relations in the neighboring Southeast Asian states. There are 21 drum tuners, named Father Spring, an oboe-like horn, a small horizontal hanging gong loop, known as a kji spring, and another small gong loop, named Master Sow.
The melodic support of these guitars is provided by other chimes and percussion, while a log and a couple of bowls determine the pacing and strengthen the music. Dancing style backed by hanging awaing comes partly and partly from South India. Most of Burma's dancing traditions were adopted from the Thai and other "Indianized" (or formerly Indianized) states of Southeast Asia, especially in the 18. Centuries.
Smoother-instrumental sounds, often found in non-theatrical interiors such as the Sarung Gurk (harp) and Pattyala (bamboo xylophone), accompanied the vocals from a collection of Myanmar song titled Mahagita ("Great Music"). Myanmar's musicans have also integrated various West European style instrumentation into their native music tradition since then, adapting the instrument's tone, repertory and performance techniques to suit the aesthetic of the area.
An important repertory of polyphonic works, for example, was created, referred to in local terms as the band of the keyboard that reminds us of the drum, harmonica and lyro. Woodcarvings, lacquer work, goldsmith work, silver work and sculpture of buddhistic pictures and mythologic characters also survive during the Colonization period; these and other local artistic tradition were revived under the auspices of the state.
However, both the artistic practice of cast bronzes among the Myanmar people and the production of brass barrels among the Karen and Shan vanished. Movies and pop culture are two of Myanmar's major artistic expressions. Myanmar literary is an intimate mix of religion and the world.
Myanmar's most important culture institutes include the state colleges of dancing, performing and visual art in Yangon and Mandalay and the National Museum of Art and Archaeology in Yangon. There are a number of other musea dedicated to national and local history. Myanmar's New Light (in English and Burmese), the best-known of several dailies, is the formal vote of the state.
A number of subterranean papers are circulating at irregular intervals, and the BurmaNet Latest is available in electronic form, although it is hard to get in Myanmar. Myanma TV and the Myanma Department of Public Broadcasting, run by the Myanma TV and the Myanmar Broadcasting Department, has TV programmes in Myanmar and Arakanese and broadcasts in Myanmar, English and a number of different language versions. A number of overseas broadcasters - especially RFA, Voice of America, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and the Burma Movement (an anti-Burma broadcaster run by expatriates from Norway) - are an important resource for both national and global newscasts.