Myanmar History

The Myanmar Story

For millennia Myanmar has been a hub of cultural and material exchange. Burma has had a turbulent history as it has been both an intruder and a victim over the centuries. Find out more about Myanmar's history. Have a look at the turbulent history of Myanmar. Burma has a rich and glorious history that has survived many battles that have shaped its character.

Myanmar's history in brief

During the Bagan era in 849, the Burmese established the city of Bagan on the bank of the Irrawaddy River, about 310 leagues to the north of Yangon. There were other realms in the Irrawaddy River Basin before Bagan, but there is little or no information about them. Soon after, he begins a battle against the Mon city of Bago to acquire sacred Buddhist writings (the Tripitaka), which the Mon king Manuha does not want to give up by will.

Manuha eventually gives up after a Bago besiege that took several month. The Tripitaka is brought to Bagan on the back of 32 leopards. Burma's military brought 30,000 Mons to Bagan, including a large number of craftspeople and workmen, who not only enriched the Bagan civilization in the following centuries, but even dominated it.

Manuha, the Bagan Emperor, Shwezigon, is sold as a temporarylave. In 1077, after 33 years of rule, King Anawratha is slain by a feral bus. Sawlu, his father, replaces him and expands the frontiers of the empire. In 1084, after the deaths of King Sawlu, King Kyanzittha ascended the king's crown and extended the frontiers of the empire to the south.

Under Kublai Khan in 1287, riders of Mongolia brought the Bagan Empire to a merciless and bloodless end. The Taungu DynastyAfter two hundred years of unceasing fighting between the Myanmar, Shan and Mon empires, King Minkyino ascended the Taungu crown in 1486.

He sees a revival of the Myanmar empire. To make the Myanmar empire as big again as it was then. Kidnapping the Thai king and his familiy and bringing them to Burma with some esteemed Caucasians. Ayutthaya is taken by violence after a seven-month long besiege.

Bayinnaung died in 1581. In the following years the Taungu dynasty disintegrated. Simultaneously, the empire of the Mon, whose capitol is still in Bago, is growing. Alaungpaya, a Myanmar civil servant in the small village of Shwebo, about 65 leagues from Ava, begins a rebellion against the rule of the Mon in Ava in 1753.

1759 Alaungpaya begins a war against Siam, but during the besiege Alaungpaya is wounded and die on his way back to Burma. 1852 the Myanmar arrested two Britains and released them only after paying a price. Yangon and the south of Myanmar are occupied with little outlay.

1853 Mindon Min follows his infamous ruler Bagan Min as queen and begins to modernize the state. 1857 he moves the headquarters of his administration to Mandalay, which he has re-established. Following a brief warfare ( "Third Anglo-Burmese War"), the Britons occupied North Burma and the capitol Mandalay.

Over the past few years, the UK has taken a large number of government officers to Burma, followed by more of them. 1936 the Brits give Myanmar a certain amount of independence. In 1942, after the Second World Wars and the post-war period, the Japons invade Burma.

Japan has declared Burma self-sufficient. Throughout the three-year Israeli invasion of Burma, the Brits are attacking the Japs and the Myanmar government they have appointed in a kind of guerilla war. Over the following few month, Burma's army supports the reconquest of Burma by the UKF. But within the next few month, Burma will be in a state of mayhem.

Karen proclaimed on May 5, 1948 their freedom from the state of Burma, but this is not recognized by the Myanmar authorities (smoldering since the Karen and Myanmar army clashes since the beginning of the summer conflict). The Kachin and Shan rebellion in northern Myanmar reached its climax in 1961.

1972 Ne Win and 20 of his supporters from the Myanmar armed forces step down from their positions and establish a civil state. Burma Socialist Program Parties, formerly formed by Ne Win, are recognized as the only one. Ne Win retires as president in 1981, but stays at the top of the Burma Socialist Program Parties and thus stays in control of the state.

They are oppressed by violence in the post-moravian cities. However, they must not constitute a state. Dismissed from detention in June 1995, she was then detained and freed again in 2010, when Myanmar began to open up and herald a new age of" young" democracies.

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