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Myanmar Bagan Temple Marathon - Overview
Hidden in the heart of Myanmar, the antique site of Bagan is the site of the latest adventure marshland. With more than 2,000 shrines, Bagan's natural and historic importance is unmatched. Holy holiness and wonderful sanctuaries are spread across the plain of Bagan and form a mystic, breathtaking area. It is a journey of exploration into this seductive and unspoilt area.
Belts and street lanes endanger half of Myanmar's people
According to a World Wide Fund for Nature in Myanmar the Belt and Roads Initiative endangers Myanmar's unspoilt assets and the life and livelihood of 24 million human beings - half the country's inhabitants. Roads suggested under China's Belt and Roads Initiative would supply transportation infrastructures in the Ayeyarwady River Basin and its mountainous areas, home to some 24 million inhabitants - almost half of Myanmar's nation.
They depend on the use of nature's resources, which include forest, river, land as well as bio-diversity, to preserve a number of advantages such as drinking and protection from disasters. There is a need to take better consideration of information on the enviroment when planning streets and other project. "The advantages of BRI highway construction are in danger of being substituted by significant societal, ecological and economical cost if streets are built to fragment eco-systems, endanger wild animals or contribute to forest degradation, mudslides and polluting the area.
Last month's review aims to quickly assess the chances and threats for Myanmar in relation to the effects and interdependencies of the country's physical assets. Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business Executive Vicky Bowman said that problems could be prevented if infrastructural works were conceived and implemented in accordance with Myanmar's EIA frameworks, with evaluations conducted in a way that complies with International Finance Corporation (IFC) and World Bank norms, involving useful consultations and review to avoid, minimise and alleviate outcomes.
In Myanmar, for example, there are still no complete ecological and building norms, and there are no regulations for balancing biological diversity. A number of designers try to implement the Act by carrying out their work according to internationally accepted practice. "Sai Nay Won Myint, WWF Representative for Greening Economics, added: "The focus of the review is on how the building of infrastructures in two suggested east-west and north-south highway lanes could impact on the country's physical asset, which forms the basis for Myanmar's sustainability performance.
Myanmar's unspoilt nature is essential to mitigate the serious impact of catastrophic events on the country's constructed infrastructures, as well as its streets. At the heart of the Beijing Belt and Road initiative is the establishment of business lanes to enhance accessibility, enhance goods transport and ease investment. Last year's article entitled ³cRepaving the Antique Silk Routes³d, released by the PwC Growth Markets Centre, demonstrated how Myanmar is participating in two of Beijing's six major business corridors: the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) and the China-Indo-China Peninsula marine project.
This BCIM channel will reinforce links between the Chinese province of Yunnan and its neighbors and integrate the local economies in the Bay of Bengal, while the latter includes many of the Chinese interconnection in ASEAN. Two of the lanes examined in the present study are the East-West China-South Asia Link via Mandalay and Myanmar's core country, and the North-South Link which links the East-West Link via Yangon with the Indian Ocean.
In the East-West and North-South BRI Corridor, streets and highway projects could make an important contribution to the socio-economic and infrastructural developments in Myanmar. Streets in these Corridor would link large metropolitan centers and municipalities across the whole countryside with large towns and stores in neighboring states, particularly Bangladesh, China and India. Experiences in other développement nations show that BRI street suggestions in Myanmar could increase job creation, training and health care, increase business efficiency, increase income, lower trading cost and barrier and accelerate both agricultural and cluster expansion.
It argues, however, that BRI roads could adversely impact the physical asset and related advantages that individuals derive from them. It was also pointed out in the paper that the load-bearing capacity and sustainability of BRI street codes potentially depends on "ecosystem services" - on reducing the risks of flooding and degradation by means of normal eco-systems.
BRI Corridor crosses the areas of the Ayeyarwady River Basin and the neighbouring areas, where some 24 million inhabitants live. They depend on nature's resources to gain drinking and drinking power, to minimise the primary drought sources of drinking power, the potential for disaster and other crucial factors. The benefit of BRI is in danger of being eroded by the significant socio-economic and environmental cost that would be incurred if streets were constructed without taking into consideration the environmental, animal and community impacts.
"There is a need to take better consideration of information on the enviroment when planning streets and other related activities. Only in this way can we prevent adverse effects on the local community and the natural world, which is much more cost-effective than reducing the impact at a later phase of the project," Sai Nay Won Myint added.
There is a need to make sure that the BRI follows a criterion or norm for environmental responsibility that follows the "Guidance on the Building of the Green Belt and Road" issued by the Chinese Ministry of the Environment, either globally or national. Increased assessment to better understanding the hazards associated with, for example, flooding, degradation and bio-diversity, and to integrate this information into street maps and drafts, as well as high-quality environmental impact assessment and environmental management planning (EMP).
Prevent adverse effects on the environment and the community by evaluating several aspects of roads handling and congestion plan. BRI aims to increase ecological, socioeconomic value, which includes buffers, replanting of hillsides and wild animal sanctuaries. The Myanmar civilian population should be involved at all tiers and in all phases of Myanmar BRI programming in order to prevent adverse societal and ecological effects and to optimize BRI in Myanmar.
Things to do with nature? Nature assets are a concept for the existence of renewables and non-renewables sources - e.g. plant, animal, aerial, hydro, soil and mineral assets - which together bring a benefit to mankind. All in all, the advantages of our physical assets are described as eco-system support and service, which includes cleaner and safer indoor and outdoor environments, secure foods, drinking waters, power, shelter, medicines and commodities that we use to manufacture our goods.
It also has less obvious advantages such as flooding protection, climatic control, dusting and recovery.