Myanmar Government systemThe Myanmar system of government
E-Government Committee Masterlan Required
The Myanmar Computer Federation (MCF) President U Khun Oo last weekend talked to the Myanmar Times about ways and means to efficiently enforce the present system of governance. What would you call e-government? In essence, eGovernment relates to the use of information technology (IT), information and communication technology (ICT) and other web-based telecommunications technology to enhance the efficiencies and efficiencies of services provided between Governments and between goverments and the general population and the state.
Can you briefly describe the backgrounds of an e-government group? eGovernment began here as early as 2003, and although it was not as widespread then as it is today, the former administration strongly endorsed its own initiatives. Significant advantages have been achieved without an appropriate structure, thanks to efficient strengthening by the public administrations.
Unfortunately, however, from 2005 until today it will be difficult to find a specific way of developing the ICT industry or e-government. The main reason for this is the apathy of the public administrations, although a notable occurrence during this tragic situation is the creation of the 2006-10 ICT Master Plan, which was prepared with the support of the Republic of Korea's State.
It was not implemented, even the eGovernment specifications, because the then administration did not recognise it. Throughout the term of office of former US Prime Minister U Thein Sein, the goal of further developing the e-government system led to state financing of the scheme. goverment agencies created web sites and an e-government computer centre that links the ministries' network.
However, the eGovernment system was not well managed and the success of the eGovernment system was hampered by a weak management team. While the MCF tried to give counsel to the goverment, it made no distinction for several reason. I' m telling this story to show that leading, supporting the public and trusting in ICT is crucial to the success of e-government in every state.
The eGovernment Committee, which meets the expectation of an effective management team, is an inspiring achievement of the present management. How do you feel about the creation of the eGovernment Committee? Since it was recently established, I cannot say much, but I am confident that it will be a major one.
We need the governments to show their commitment, and our computer federations must also make more than before. The eGovernment Commission determines all eGovernment related questions, such as the decision to use Unicode as a typeface in Myanmar. It is a leader in monitoring and consolidating the e-government activity of the relevant departments, which will lead to a good eGovernment outlook.
Are there any obstacles and if so, what kind of obstacles to the effective implementation of the e-government regulation? While there may be some personal improvement, in general it wouldn't do much good, as there are so many themes that need to be made up. If this eGovernment system is to run throughout the country, for example, all apps should be encoded in the Myanmar langua.
Unfortunately, not much has been done to systematise the Myanmar text. There is a firm opinion on the part of technology and the administration that Unicode will remain here, but this faith in itself has not brought much in practice. There are also shortcomings in the cooperation of one-stop departments that combine the functions of more than one department.
Evaluating past incidents would point to a weak management position that could not be consolidated by all of a department's divisions, let alone all of the department's divisions that implement the eGovernment system independently by their own development staff. Up to now, it has not been able to network all the various divisions and federal offices in a systematic manner because it lacks an administration manager.
There used to be problems with infrastructures, but now most are going well, although there are other barriers. What would be the most important advantages of an e-government system if it were to succeed? I believe there is a strong link between success and ICT deployment, because this whole operation cannot be concluded on a whim.
For as long as the word is around, e-government activities must be carried out. A real rewards for an e-government system is the creation of the kind of neat, efficient and reactive leadership that the authorities are seeking. It would be to the advantage of their people, because a proper management would certainly bring benefits.
It would also improve life styles and business perspectives as business between the state and its people would be conducted well. The advantages are many and varied, among them fewer delays in handling companies. Inter-governmental relationships would increase with faster and more real communication between them. Some of the advantages of an e-government system.
How should e-government regulations be implemented? Good governance is crucial to the eGovernment process. Against this background, the present administration has established the eGovernment Committee. We now need a blueprint, like what the former administration did. That'?s what the authorities should do soon.
When switching to e-government systems, a re-engineering of faster systems should be carried out instead of the previous manually, paper-based system in order to ensure success. Such changes should be seriously applied by the governing and executive committe. Could you give some samples of the government's on-line transparency service that reflects the e-government system?
Currently, the Ministry of Commerce is issuing on-line licences and customs department officials have to go on-line to handle their authorised work, preventing all outside parties from entering the customs procedure. As in the past, we can no longer use a manually operated system. Yangon City Development Committee has launched several on-line development projects.
This is an outstanding, trustworthy and succesful service. I' m also told that the Yangon region is going to provide its service on-line. Is there really a need for an e-government system? Nowadays, e-government and e-commerce are essential.
I hope that with such a useful cell phone or smart phone in my hands, the whole thing has become workable and the general community is predicting e-government schemes. Do you have any suggestions for the administrations trying to transpose this e-government regulation? Computing federations appreciate and acknowledge the establishment of the e-government committee. This is a good move on the part of the German people.
It is with great persuasion that the federal and parliamentary governments should describe ICT developments as essential for the nation's advancement, as is the case in many other advanced and wealthy states. ICT industry will increase our country's GNP, and if all governmental organisations begin to develop ICT with a solid commitment, our nations will soon be advanced and well-off.
Finally, I would suggest that confidence should be placed in Myanmar's professionals and business people and their long range business support to reduce long range costs. When employees of these organisations work closely with the authorities, we will succeed in our efforts.