Myanmar Government Policy

Burma's government policy

Brief description of the most important topics and lessons. Myanmar's government has recently published a draft national land use policy for public consultation and comment. The chapter describes the existing government institutions, policies and legal frameworks relevant to the ICT sector in Myanmar. FESR reflects the progress made by the new government since its creation. In spite of the country's growing importance and the shift in Myanmar's government's actions, US policy has changed only slightly in two decades.

Goverment unveils 12-point policy

On 29 July, the government presented its long-awaited macroeconomic policy and stressed the importance of the development of a market-oriented system "in all sectors" and the creation of an macroeconomic environment in order to promote the process of domestic reconstruction. While some considered the three-page paper too obscure to be useful, others were rather indulgent, realising that the government had only been in office for four month and had no timeframe to draw up elaborate strategy documents.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi presented politics to the diplomatic, business community and donor community on 29 July. The Myanmar Times has a longer English-language paper explaining some of the most important points. Politics focuses on achieving a" fair balance between the mobilization and distribution of resources between states and regions".

Ensuring that the production of resources is predictable and sustainability, the government will expand the mission of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative to the extractive industries and balance the cost and benefit of policy for its impacts across the state. On its second point, the government says it wants to promote competitiveness and a dynamic retail trade.

The aim is to implement a market-oriented system in all areas, to reduce superfluous bureaucracy, to water down the monopoly and to increase the availability of loans. Thirdly, the National League for Democracy's commitment in its business proclamation to strengthening the administration of government finances and working on budgetary discipline and regional and local government is developing.

It is also planned to combat trafficking or "fully record Myanmar's currency revenues", in particular by selling off Myanmar's physical assets, to tighten the fiscal system in order to increase government revenue and to help fund the increasing fiscal deficits, which are projected to hit K3.76 trillion by the end of this year.

Fourthly, on infrastructural developments, the paper notes that the government is in the process of drawing up an infrastructural policy focusing on the generation and distribution of energy, the construction and maintenance of country streets and the improvement of docks. Fifth, the government will help the agricultural and animal sector to foster integrated economic expansion, improve nutrition alertness, improve export and raise livelihood.

Growers are given full freedom of expression, while the state supports high added value in crop and animal husbandry. It is said that there will be more loans for growers, increased ownership of property and improvements in the productive chainsectors. Sixthly, the government says it will concentrate on creating jobs to alleviate internal levels of insecurity and disparity and encourage migrants and IDPs to come back from abroad.

Most employment is generated in SEZs and through infrastructural schemes, particularly in the countryside. The government is welcoming FDI on its 7th point. The Commission is drafting a more comprehensive guide on the subject, but in short, it will encourage the improvement of ownership laws and the constitutional state by providing a robust framework in which businesses are safe to engage in investments.

Eighthly, it concerns the issue of personnel resources and is committed to the development of a qualified work force to fill employment in the processing and service industries. In order to achieve this objective, the state will enhance health care, academia and training while at the same time implementing internationally accepted labor-laws. At the moment, the undeveloped finance industry is excluding large parts of the economies, but will soon be liberalized to promote it.

The Commission will examine restrictions on banks' loans, allow the use of portable banks, allow the entry of international insurers into Myanmar and seek state creditworthiness. Tenthly, the government will be reforming state-owned businesses to make them more responsible and to raise their awareness of the general public and, if necessary, privatise them. On the eleventh point, the government says it will help small and medium-sized businesses by enhancing opportunities for doing more in Myanmar, enhancing accessibility to finance and creating a more qualified labour force.

Last year, Myanmar came 167th out of 189 in the World Bank rankings. Lastly, the government says it will foster integrated macroeconomic expansion and developpment "to allow our nation to emerge from impoverishment and to attain the wealth our peoples deserve". "It states that ³cDemocracy, the rule of law and the advancement of human freedoms are an end in themselves and do not require any form of commercial or other defence.

Politics was generally well accepted by economic giants, although some were frustrated by its shortness. Maung Maung Lay, vice-chairman of the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry, said it was a good first move. It is necessary to draw up and define policies, guidelines and laws," he said in an e-mail sent to us last night, underlining the importance of universal assistance.

Every individual should do their part to help Myanmar recover its former glory," he said. Myanmar leader Sunil Seth of the multi-billion dollars Tata Group, one of India's biggest corporations, said he was satisfied with the new policy. "Although it leads the way on a wide scale, it encompasses all major industries such as energy production, infrastructural developments, farming, mining and small and medium-sized enterprises," he said.

Kyaw Hlaing, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Smart Group of Companies and Chairman of the Myanmar Oil and Gas Service Society, agrees that the policy is generally good. "But there are many different issues that raise the issue of whether or not everything can be achieved," he said, noticing that three points should have received more focus - good governance, service and the production of physical ressources.

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