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The Myanmar government in talks to shut down four more Rohingya IDP camps in Rakhine state
The Myanmar administration is in discussions with Rakhine state officers to close four more IDP centres for Rohingya escapees in two cities, although it is still not clear where the people will be relocated, a senior civil servant said on Friday. Myanmar's Ministry of Social Affairs, Relief and Relocation head Aung Thurein said the expellees have asked the agencies to hand them back to their former homes in Sittwe and Kyaukphyu.
In 2012, ten thousand Rohingya entered the refugee camp when more than 200 persons died and some 140,000 Muslims were driven out after a wave of clash between Rakhine Buddhists and Muslims in an ethnic and religious state. He said it was hard to shut down the refugee camp in Rakhine because the agencies had to discuss and bargain with everyone involved.
"We' re still arguing and negotiating[with local people and authorities] to close the displaced persons encampment Thetkaepyin, the displaced persons encampment Khaung Doke Khar[No. 1 and No. 2] in the township Sittwe and the displaced persons encampment Kyauktalone in the Kyaukphyu township," he said. "He said that we have not yet constructed homes for these internally displaced people because we are still in the debate about them.
Aung Thurein said the government has completed the construction of homes for the Rohingya people of 85 homes living in Nidin IDP camps in the Kyauktaw Township. "A few nights ago the displaced people relocated to their new homes and the Nidin displaced persons encampment will soon be closed," he said.
Approximately 600 homes are being constructed for the Rohingya Indians in Rakhine's Myebon Vtown, 100 of which are ready, he said. "A number of the Myebon displaced persons centre, where 3,000 displaced persons live, have already relocated to these 100 houses," he said. Mr. Khar also said that the discussion about the closure of Thetkaepyin had ended, although no work had begun there, and that the officials had talks with the guards and inhabitants of Kaung Doke Khar Nos. 1 and 2 about new shelters.
At the end of 2017, more than 128,400 internally displaced persons were still residing at 23 IDP locations in Rakhine state, which included warehouses and homes. Over one million other displaced persons, most of whom escaped Israeli forces during the 2016 and 2017 raids in North Rakhine, are currently residing in displaced persons centres in south-eastern Bangladesh.
She is also the Executive Vice President of the Rakhine State Advisory Commission's Recommendations Implementation Commitee, a Myanmar branch of the Myanmar Governing Council established in September 2017 to follow the advice of the Rakhine State Consultative Comission. Under the leadership of former UN leader Kofi Annan, the consultative council suggested ways to resolve cultist tension between Muslims and Rakhine Buddhists in the state, although it did not assess possible violation of people' s freedoms.
MEPs also urged the Burmese government to close down displaced persons centres and review the 1982 Burmese Citizenship Act, which is preventing the Rohingya from becoming a citizen, and to end the restriction on Rohingya in order to prevent further violent acts in the area. Burma regards the Rohingya as illegally foreigners from Bangladesh, subjecting them to systemic discriminatory treatment, restricting their movement and denying them entry to work, healthcare and schooling.
By April 2017, the government said it had closed three expellees centres for Kaman-Muslims and Rakhine ethnically, as advised by the Annan Committee. Burma has consented to recover some of the hundred thousand Rohingya migrants who live in the extensive Bangladesh shelters and has issued a MoU with the United Nations aid and migration organisations to support the volunteer returns of internally displaced populations classified as repatriated.
According to the UN, the 2017 Rohingya operation against the Rohingya was an ethnical purge. Together with right-wing groups, the UN has expressed concern about the security of the returnees who will be returning to Rakhine. The Guardian newspaper on Friday said the Rohingya leadership refused Myanmar's deal with the UN agency on the grounds that it will not take their fears into account and will not help to repatriate people.
ko Ko Ko Lim, a Bangladeshi-based Rohingya policy campaigner, said to the paper that the signatories have not consulted the Rohingya party before the deal. It also cites Tun Khin, the chairman of Burma's Rohingya Organisation UK, who also asked Myanmar and the UN agency to refrain from consultations with the fellowship on civil liberties and the reconstruction of houses before the treaty was concluded.
Meanwhile, the Asian Development Bank on Friday authorised a $100 million subsidy to Bangladesh for essential infrastructures and support for Rohingya refugee workers who live in refugee centres, Reuters said. It will be used to improve warehouse routes linking warehouses and distributions, clinics and clinics, escape routes and shelter, anti-slip and rainwater channels to cope with excess monsoon wet.