Myanmar Government 2016The Myanmar Government 2016
Mr Aung San Suu Kyi's new government: In Myanmar what to look out for
Myanmar/Burma's sad past opens a new and promising era on April 1, when the country's first civilian administration in 54 years will take over. Aung San Suu Kyi, the most famous live "icon of democracy" in the whole wide globe, is the head of this group. General Aung San's daugther, who spearheaded the country's struggle for freedom from Britain's settlement, Daw Suu, or "The Lady" as she is commonly known, became the head of an insurrection in 1988 against more than two dozen years of crippling warfare.
The National League for Democracy (NLD) won the 1990 elections organised by the army in a mudslide, but the army declined to relinquish control, and Daw Suu was grounded for most of the next 20 years. Their rise as leaders of the country was not, notably, the product of another people' s revolt, but of a careful change of government staged by the army leaders over the past 13 years.
Important milestones in this trial were the passing of a new constitution in a manipulated 2008 referenda, a similarly manipulated 2010 elections that put the quasi-civilian administration under former General Thein Sein in office as chairman, and the remarkable free and just elections in November 2015, which the NLD won in another mud-slide.
On 30 March, the new NLD chairman, U Htin Kyaw, a long-time NLD chief chosen by Daw Suu, was in office. Mr Suu will have four ministries: Secretary of State, Secretary of State, Secretary of State for Electricity and Renewable Energies and Secretary of State for the Presidency.
Myanmar's basic drama is the ongoing civilian conflict since its 1948 victory between the Buddhist mainstream living in the middle lowland and a large number of dozens of large minority communities on the country's mountain rim. In the 1980s, this cataclysm was exacerbated by a phase of socialist-isolating domination that took the nation from the top echelons of Asia in terms of per capita livelihood.
Both Myanmar's people and the people of the wider globe, who want to see the NLD as a lighthouse of Asian democratic rule, have high hopes for the NLD government's end. It' s difficult to believe that the NLD administration can live up to these aspirations during its five-year mandate.
There are five things to consider by the end of 2016 to measure the government's progress: Daw Suu has worked tirelessly since the NLD won the elections last November to get the NLD's political agendas underpinned. Much of the negotiating process under the leadership of the government-backed Myanmar Peace Centre resulted in a joint deal last October, but the two sides' aggressions continue uninterrupted.
The Rohingya ethnic minorities have no contact and not a Muslim is in the new state. Most of the free media will quickly provide all evidence of more or less close cooperation between the army and the Daw Suu Gov. Inter-governmental relations:
A bicameral parliament should be a hallmark for the last administration, as it was ruled by the ruling political parties backed by the war. Astonishingly, it proved to be a powerful counterpower over which the interests of the reformers had a decisive impact. It' s not difficult to believe that the NLD-dominated parliament is less under the control of Daw Suu than she would like, or that it is compatible with good management.
It is difficult for new MEPs to reject backing for non-sustainable popularism. In the past, most civil servants and salaried staff were more interested in their claims (rent search) than in the provision of service to the population. Today's red tape is far removed from the merchocracy that Myanmar passed on from its days as a UK city.
Exports of methane and hydro are made to Thailand and China, while the people of Myanmar are hungry for electricity. During his five-year tenure, in one of his most dramatic reforms, retiring President Thein Sein postponed the building of a large barrage high above the country's great Ayeyarwaddy for the duration of his time.
This was a China-funded plan to transfer electricity to China, and the abandonment shattered Myanmar's important bi-lateral relations with the people. 70 per cent of Myanmar's people live from farming. Probably the greatest failing of the departing administration was the abandonment of this area. Unless sensible reform becomes apparent by the end of this year, the NLD administration could face a worrying drop in public assistance.
It is not difficult to establish a longer agenda of policies that can be used as a measure of the new government's success, but even this brief agenda should not be seen as support for a gloomy vision of Myanmar's prospects. A number of elements speak in favour of a smooth and smooth changeover to more democracy and better management.
The World Bank created this blogs in September 2013 to bring government more accountability to the world' s rich and to provide answers to key issues of globalisation.