Myanmar GovermentGovernment of Myanmar
At Nay Pyi Taw, an intersectoral group of Union, regional and state government, and in Yangon with a variety of actors. A sustainable development framework for the strategic environmental assessment of the hydropower industry, which includes the importance of the protection of the main major flows, the classification into zones on the basis of hazard classes and the suggested implementing actions to design new strategies and practices and to fill bottlenecks in this area.
An expert committee in Rangoon with members from MOEE, World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF), Myanmar Center for Responsible Business, the World Bank, Norway and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) made suggestions on how the SEA could be put into practice and used for further work. The SEA is a landmark project for many in Myanmar, as it could lead to the establishment of water power sustainability.
This is the first to call for the main Myanmar river basin to be classified as low, intermediate and high-risk, on the basis of ecological and societal value, conflicts and past development. It provides policy-setters, the general public and other interested parties with guidelines on the development of less hazardous areas and on which areas should be safeguarded, such as high hazard areas and important watercourses.
But these areas, which are particularly low risks, still need to be subject to an environment and socio-economic assessment to assess their effects on the spot. Throughout the SEA survey and the whole procedure, the overall hydroelectric power plant design has been at the top of the agenda for further developments and is aimed at highlighting the need to deviate from project-based strategies to optimise current and new waterfalls while minimising their ecological and societal effects.
He also stressed: "The SEA trial is new to Myanmar and we are keen to raise the standard for further work. Of 10.9 million homes across Myanmar, approximately 4.3 million or 34 per cent of the total populace have electric power. But most Yangon city residents - about 81 per cent - are hooked up to the power supply, which means that they live without power mainly in the countryside, where other infrastructures such as communication and streets are in high order.
"Electricity must be payable, robust and reliable," said H.E. Daw Nilar Kyaw, Minister of Electricity, Industry, Roads and Transport, Communications, Yangon Region Government. "Electricity must also be produced from an energetic mixture of water, sun and wind," she added.