Myanmar gov websiteWebsite of the Government of Myanmar
Sign up to participate in the meeting on-line. Please take the ticket to your meeting on the spot on the day of the meeting. Thirty five e-government solution providers presented their goods and solutions at over 80 stands.
Myanmar Investment Plan: 2015-2020
Burma is at a time of significant changes in politics, economics and society. Following decade-long periods of isolating and instable conditions, the state has been partly changed by three unparalleled reforms: democratic transformation, liberalization of the economy and nation-wide peacemaking talks. This milestone will shape the state' s long-term growth and stable state.
Myanmar has the capacity to be a major actor in our area as the reforms continue. Burma is becoming more and more involved in the area and was chairman of ASEAN in 2014. There has been an increase in interest and commitment internationally in Myanmar. Burma has considerable opportunity to profit from tighter links with the world' s economies through the liberalization of TRTA.
Australia-Myanmar relations have been growing rapidly in order to help the country's reforms. 5% of Myanmar's 51 million people live on less than $2 a person per diem, with per-capita GDP (PPP) being the second lower in Southeast Asia. Approximately 10 percent of Myanmar's people have no adequate nutrition and more than one third of Myanmar's under five year olds have atrophied due to long-term undernourishment.
Myanmar's educational system has been neglected for years, with only 54 percent of Myanmar's kids receiving five years of schooling. The inequalities between the sexes continue to hinder Myanmar's growth, with significant differences in terms of social, cultural, legal as well as policy involvement, pay differentials and inadequate judicial safeguards. Long drawn-out civilian wars and common catastrophes have helped to meet the challenge in Myanmar.
Areas affected by conflicts in the states of Rakhine, Shan, Kayin, Kayah and Kachin are among the impoverished and most remote in Myanmar. Myanmar has over 640,000 IDPs who have escaped their homeland as a result of violent conflicts, and most refugees live in the border-region.
Moreover, the necessary institutional capacity to put policies into practice and to stimulate the economy is restricted. Myanmar, for example, will depend on external investments to finance its expansion in the next few years, but is repeatedly considered one of the most difficult places in the global economy to do so. The Australian assistance programme is an important part of our relations with Australia.
Acknowledging that this period of significant changes offers a golden opportunity to promote Myanmar's economic and social prosperity, as well as its economic and social upturn. That requires greater attention and we are pulling out of some areas where other Myanmar stakeholders are in a better position to make a contribution. Australia's assistance will be adapted to the evolving environment and Myanmar's continued efforts and engagement for reforms.
The programme will remain flexible, with the ability to extend and contracted in line with our risk assessments and prospects. Myanmar's overall objective of the Australian assistance programme is to assist the country's transformation processes in politics, society and the economy. Australia's assistance will work with our external policies and our commercial interests to further enhance these results and our relations.
Myanmar's wealth and resilience is a long-term commitment by Australia. In Myanmar, literacy remains the hallmark of Australia's relief programme. Promoting people' s empowerment through training makes a direct contribution to combating extreme poverty, promoting rapid and stable GDP expansion. Investments in science and skill through learning improve the income potentials of men and woman and their capacity to make wise investments in their futures and those of their family.
Australia's assistance will help develop Myanmar's educational system to achieve educational results - on a sustained, accessible and nationwide base - that will help develop an educationally trained and highly competetive population. The programme encourages equal opportunities in school teaching and good educational standards, which include better teaching practice and teaching in the schoolroom. To help develop an educational system that meets the needs of young people.
At the national level, Myanmar has achieved equality of the sexes in terms of training. However, there are considerable differences in girls' educational attainment between states. Australasia will be investing in cost-effective but targeted assistance for educational needs in hard-to-reach and conflict-affected areas. It will complement Australia's assistance to the Middle East and will reinforce educational regimes and provide local agreements to deliver fair educational results in all areas of Myanmar.
This will also increase resistance in endangered municipalities, a political focus for Australia. The Australian authorities will work to reinforce the evidence-based capacities for programming and budget making in the Ministry of Culture in this crucial phase of the overhaul. In addition to our assistance to the Ministry of Finance, this work will help the Ministry of Educa-tion to gather and evaluate information on policies and the provision of educational services.
We are committed to increasing the provision of accessible educational provision through our investment in the industry and offering possibilities to disabled persons through the Australia Awards programme. In response to the shortfalls in higher learning and the need for a qualified labour force, we will further develop our capabilities through grants, short-term training and adaptable technological support and research.
It will strengthen the competences of men and woman in both the civil and community sector. and Myanmar higher educational establishments, particularly in areas where Australia has the expertise and capabilities to assist Myanmar's reforms. In Myanmar, there is a need for peaceful and stable development.
It will be much more challenging to achieve macroeconomic stabilisation and develop without security, and macroeconomic advancement will depend on further policy reforms. Part of this is supporting peacemaking talks. And we will create trust in the peacemaking processes by investment in developing actions that offer new possibilities to those affected by conflicts and insecurity.
We will help to raise the voices and interests of young people. The Australian government will remain committed to supporting policy and democracy transformation and promoting instability with the objective of establishing responsible and open institution for an efficient state. We will also remain supportive of Myanmar's democracy talks. The South East Asia Programme complements DFAT's effort to encourage rapid reaction state schemes and aims to alleviate the problem of traffic in humans by reinforcing law enforcement.
The protection and promotion of basic principles of the protection and promotion of basic principles of the protection of human dignity are essential for the development of integrated state regimes which value the countrys ethnical and cultural variety and safeguard the prerogatives of all persons. Myanmar is supported in acceding to and implementing existing global agreements on the protection of inequality. Australasia is sponsoring programmes to help Myanmar fulfil its commitments under the ICCPR.
And we will keep addressing the issue of respect for mankind by reinvesting in other industries. Australia, for example, is funding efforts to remedy the significant shortage of citizenship records in many of Myanmar's ethnically diverse areas. Australia's relief efforts will remain committed to providing relief to meet the urgent needs arising from renewed conflict and disaster.
Within Myanmar, our aid will concentrate on Rakhine, Kachin and North Shan states while addressing new needs in other parts of Myanmar. There will be efficient and adequate provision of aid to meet the diverse needs of vulnerable groups, girls and schoolchildren. We will help to safeguard people's security, honour and humanity.
We will try to tackle the causes of long term crisis in Myanmar, in areas of prolonged expulsion and chronical fragility, especially in Rakhine State, which include questions of statelessness, force, abuse and poverty. It will help provide a safe and sustainable working climate and enhance social security, as well as provide possibilities for conflict-affected individuals to generate a sustainable income and improve their shock management capacity.
At the Thai/Myanmar Myanmar frontier, Australia will maintain the provision of further human assistance to the displaced persons and, where appropriate, help them to voluntarily and safely back to Myanmar. Myanmar's economic situation has been held back by decade-longauthoritarianism, seclusion and civilian warfare. Though Myanmar has a young people and a high employment quota, the unemployment ratio is high at 38 percent and three fourths of employment is in the blackecap.
For the next few years (IMF, 2015) an increase of around 8 percent is anticipated, but the right political framework conditions could further speed up the pace of expansion and guarantee integrative and sustained in-crease. Integrative macroeconomic development is intimately connected with advances in the field of peacemaking. Myanmar's conflict-affected frontier areas are bordering on some of the most rapidly expanding regional economy and contain the country's most abundant reserves of nature.
It is also home to many of Myanmar's most vulnerable and poor. Myanmar needs to enjoy the benefits of full integration and full use of its natural resource base through peaceful and equitable development. Myanmar's capacity to link up with its neighbors in economic terms will be restricted and its untapped without firm boundaries.
Australasia is providing focused support to help these areas increase their economies through our livelihoods. Integrative development is supported by greater equality between the sexes. The proportion of women in Myanmar's workforce is 63 percent, well below that of men, as against 85 percent. It will stimulate the economy by providing a political framework that encourages integrated FDI, commerce and business reforms.
It will be at the heart of Australia's move towards an industrial alliance with Myanmar. This effort will stimulate much-needed external investments to stimulate internal expansion and complement internal ressources. Australasia will develop a partnering relationship with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) to enhance the business environment and facilitate business and foster cutting-edge privat sectors alliances.
It will also offer specific assistance for better exploitation of the world' s richest ecosystems. Improving trading regimes and an enhanced working environment will help Myanmar's involvement in the ASEAN economic community, an Australia-wide regional high-profile. Australia's assistance for enhanced government finance governance and the Extractive Industries Transparancy Initiative in Myanmar will promote income visibility and serious globalisation.
We will improve the administration of government funding to encourage the channeling of government funding to our most important industry, our educational needs, and to increase the effectiveness of our aid. Australia's bi-national effort is supplemented by local investment, such as the Mekong Business Initiative headed by the Asian Development Bank and the UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) as well.
The UNCDF supports privatisation and legislative reforms to remove obstacles to local commerce and to increase the level of official fiscal inclusiveness and local saving. Myanmar's involvement in the country's trading and investing structures will be further supported by Australia to foster the country's business ties with the area. In addition, we will foster integrated business expansion through agricultural policy making, also in collaboration with the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research.
Over these four years, Australia's programme of support has given priority to the need for flexible responses to the rapid changes in the world. We' ve worked in close cooperation with other donor agencies to make sure that our relief efforts are best suited to the needs of the Myanmar population. Australia's programme must therefore be kept agile in order to be able to cope efficiently with the changed policy framework.
We will invest according to the pace of reforms and the current assessment of the economy, politics and society. It will allow Australia to address the developing potential and challenge facing Myanmar. Whilst maintaining our agility, we will also begin to transform our programme into a more historic developing alliance with Myanmar in the course of this Aid Investment Plan.
That is particularly true of the educational system, where we will be working more and more in the country's educational system. Consolidating our investment in those areas where Australia offers the greatest added value and where we have a strong record of success. In the future, we will cooperate with the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development, our primary contact for the programme.
In addition, we will enter into close partnership with the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance and more and more the Ministry of Trade to help expand Australia's assistance to developing the personal sectors and other bodies playing a leadership part in Myanmar's reforms agenda. We have benefited from our investment and our reputations in influencing educational reforms.
For the longer run, we will be developing programmes to tackle the causes of fragility through the reconstruction of the universal service and the promotion of business and job creation. This means moving our perspectives from short-term human intervention to dealing with long-term stakes in conflict. It will concentrate more on integrated macroeconomic expansion, in particular through increased involvement of the personal sectors and better governance of physical assets.
Australia's programme of help will supplement and strengthen Australia's ambassadorial representation and supporting Myanmar's reforms programme. The Australian authorities will remain committed to changes and political priority areas in areas that promote the goal of a sustainable and prospering Myanmar. Continuing our positive commitment to the Rakhine State challenge, which combines our commitment to humanitarian and humanitarian work.
Burma is taking over its own ever-increasingly ambitious own personal growth agendas, which will be reflected in the five-year "Strategic Priorities for Development" and "National Comprehensive Plan for Development". The Commission has set up a Committee to Combat Extreme and Second World War within the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Cooperation and an Economic Advisory Group to address the causes and policies of extreme poverty. 2.
Already working towards common goals in the areas of government finance governance reforms and the allocation of tuition and scholarships, we are planning to work more towards common goals in other areas. Australia's assistance programme to Myanmar is geared towards taking into account the evolving policy and business contexts and responding to Myanmar's priority areas in a flexible manner by taking greater responsibility for its own personal growth agendas.
It and Myanmar are committed to holding highlevel, periodic consultation on assistance, as set out in our Development Cooperation Agreement of January 2013. Trustworthy information is vital in a vibrant business context to manage programme execution and decision-making. A Performance Assessment Framework (PAF) has been designed and will be adapted as the programme develops.
And we will be developing a straightforward and resilient suite of targeted, quantifiable key metrics that will ripen in line with our programme. All of these metrics are subjected to strict control and assessment procedures, which include frequent site inspections. APPR will summarize this information and provide information on upcoming programme choices.
APPR' contain recommendations and answers for the programme managment teams on the basis of advances and identifying issues. Australia's assistance to Myanmar is administered by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) in Canberra and Yangon. The Australian Ambassador to Myanmar will be responsible for managing and implementing the country's bi-lateral assistance programme.
Swiss Post employees are primarily in charge of programme analyses, designing, managing, as well as supervising and evaluating. Part of this are frequent on-site inspections to keep the programme managers informed and to check the partners' report. In Canberra, on the basis of the Myanmar section's and theme specialists' experience, the German Football Association (DFAT) is in charge of developing and advising policies.
The development, implementation and evaluation of Australia's relief investment will remain dependent on the continued availability of high quality personnel at both our German Football Association (DFAT) and our implementation team. We' ll gain the skills to help shape our evolving programme and call on local consultants who understand the uniqueness of Myanmar. Consultants are involved in our programmes so that we have the necessary skills throughout the programme lifecycle.
Others, such as the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Austrade, the Australian Federal Police and the Ministry of Education and Training, will further create added value through knowledge and interrelations. The Myanmar relief programme will still be exposed to policy and merit-risk. In an era of fast and far-reaching reforms in politics, society and the economy, it is still very hard to foresee what will happen and what the outlook will be.
However, the help at this crucial point in Myanmar's story will help Australia to gain weight and form the foundation for a longer, stronger commitment. A programme risk register is kept of the identifiable major risk strategies.