Myanmar Geography factsBurma Geography facts
Burma Geography - Myanmar Information
Burma is the biggest of Southeast Asia, bordering China, Laos and Thailand to theheast and Bangladesh and India to the N. Myanmar has 2,832 km of coastline with the Indian Ocean to the SW and SW. Myanmar's landscape can be broadly split into three parts: the Western Hills, the Central Valley Region and the Eastern Hill Region.
Himalayas are connected to Myanmar and are known as the western Yoma, which stretches south. Western Yoma Range is a well separating Myanmar from India. Central Valleys region is the widest Ayeyarwaddy river basin. Eastern Hill Region is the Shan Plateau.
Myanmar'syeyarwady River runs more than 2,000 km before spreading out into a southern coastal area. The central Myanmar is ruled by the Rakhine, Chin and Naga Mountains and the Patkai Hills in the western part, the Kachin Hills in the northern part and the Shan Plateau in the eastern part - with summits that rise to over 3,000 metres and influence the climat.
Rivers valleys and the deltas are regarded as one of the most fruitful farming areas in Asia. Fruit, vegetable and lemon fruits are abundant on the Shan Plateau. Forests cover more than 50% of Myanmar's area. There are three distinct periods in Myanmar; the wet or wet months are from May to October; the cold months are from November to February and the warm months are from March to May.
Mean temperatures range from 32C in low and middle regions to 21°C in the uplands.
Myanmar is the biggest nation on the southeast Asian continent and the biggest one in the 40-strongest ( "after Zambia") with a surface area of 678,500 sqkm. Burma lies between the Chittagong Division of Bangladesh and Assam, Nagaland and Manipur of India in the north-west.
Its longest border with Tibet and Yunnan of China in the north-east for a combined distance of 2,185 km (1,358 mi). Burma is bordered by Laos and Thailand in the north-east. Burma has a 1,930 km long coast along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in the SW and SW, which makes up a third of its area.
With an area of approx. 50,400 km², the area of the Apeyarwady River valley is mainly used for growing rices. The Hengduan Shan Hills in the northern part of the country mark the boundary with China. Hakabo Razi, in the state of Kachin, is the highest point in Myanmar at 19,295 feet (5,881 m). Myanmar has three massifs, Rakhine Yoma, Bago Yoma and Shan Plateau, all north-south from the Himalayas.
Myanmar's mountains share three tributaries, the Ayeyarwady, the Ayeyerwady, near Mingun Thanlwin and the Sittang Creeks. Ayeyarwady is Myanmar's longest stream and runs almost 2,170 km into the Gulf of Martaban. There are fruitful plain in the hills between the mountains. Most of Myanmar's people live in the Ayeyarwady Vale, which lies between Rakhine Yoma and the Shan Plateau.
Myanmar's sluggish economy has helped preserve much of its natural and ecosystem heritage. Woods, which include thick rainforest and precious lower Myanmar Teak, occupy over 49% of the state. The highland of the northern part of the island is covered by oaks, pines and various kinds of rhododendron. Burma is located in the Asian tsunamis area, whose coastline receives more than 5,000 mm (197 in) per year.
The yearly precipitation in the deltas is approximately 2,500 mm (98 in), while the mean yearly precipitation in the dry zone in CMB is less than 1,000 mm (39 in). North of the state is the coldest with mean temperature of 21°C (70°F). Coastlines and deltas have mean temperature of 32°C (90°F).
In Myanmar, typically specimens of the jungles, especially tiger and leopard, are very widespread. There are rhinos, buffalo, wild boar, hartebeest and elephant in Oberburma, which are also domesticated or raised in prison, for use as workhorses, especially in the wood processing industries.