Myanmar Geographical FeaturesBurma Geographical Features
Burma is situated in southeastern Asia and borders India and Bangladesh to the NW, China to the NE, Laos to the EE, Thailand to the SE and W of the Indian Ocean. There are no areas or dependences in Myanmar. Burma has a 3 distinct seasons: a cold November to February in the cold months, a warm March and April and a wet May to October when the southwestern monsoons come.
In mountain areas, the temperature can drop below 0°C (32°F) and rise up to 45°C (113°F) in the middle levels. Averages 508 centimetres (200 inches) of rain per year along the coastline and 76 centimetres (30 inches) for key areas. Freezing and snows appear in the high northern mountain ranges.
Myanmar, the biggest country on the Southeast Asian continent, has an exceptional diversity of terrains, from northern ice to southern caves. It has four large topographical areas: hills to the northeast and western, the Shan Highlands to theheast, the plain of Centrally Myanmar and the valleys and valleys to the southeast near the Irrawaddy and Sittang Rivers.
From Burma to Myanmar in the latter 1980', the Burmese army regime altered the name of the land; the administration also altered the name or spelling of many geographical features. Myanmar's west shore winds along the Bay of Bengal and reaches a point at Cape Negrais. Irrawaddy and the southeast coastline together form the top of the Andaman Sea, which joins the Gulf of Martaban.
Myanmar has no significant ocean incisions or sounds. Myanmar's west coastline and deltas were created by coastal line degradation. Off the north west coastline, the large Ramree (1,350 sq. km) and Cheduba (523 sq. km) are part of the Ramri group.
The Bilugyun is a large isle on the south-west shore. In the south-west there is an underwater landscape that makes up the Mergui Archipelago - about nine hundred islets, stretching from the Kadan Isle ('440 sq. km') to small rock. Myanmar's north west coastline has cliffy burrs with canals.
Behind Cape Negrais, the mud of the Irrawaddy and other streams form the southerly Myanmar coastline of the El Dorad. The coastline extends southwards from the estuary of the Sittang River, dotted with bays, rocks and coves. Probably an eartquake was the biggest of Myanmar's lakes: Indawgyi, with an area of 116 km2 (45 sq. m).
Shan Plateau's second biggest freshwater reservoir is the flat Inle reservoir, which stretches for about 67 km2 (26 km2). There are several craters in the lower Chindwin Riverside. Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) is Myanmar's main sewer system and is 2,170 kilometres (1,350 miles) long. The Irrawaddy rises in the far northern part of Myanmar and runs southwards through the whole land before it enters the ocean through a nine-channel deata.
It' the longest stream in Myanmar. Irrawaddy's main affluent is the Chindwin River (960 kilometres), which runs off the north west. Situ-tang ( "Sittoung") rivulet (483 km/300 miles) originates just southwards of Mandalay and runs parallel to the Irrawaddy on its east aisle. Irrawaddy and Sittang Rivers lower dales constitute an extensive, low-lying belt of approximately 25,900 sq km (10,000 sq miles) that continuously extends into the ocean through siltation.
Myanmar's other great tributary, the Salween (Thanlwin), has its source in China and runs southwards over the Shan Plateau in the east of Myanmar. Salween is 1,325 kilometres (823 miles) within Myanmar, in a range of rapid courses and falls that run through sheer, narrower canyons. The powerful Mekong Riviera (4,200 kilometers) marks the 235-kilometer long Myanmar-Laos frontier in Shan State to the east.
Also in the SW there are some small streams that flow from the hills to the Gulf of Bengal. The" arid zone" of northern center Myanmar has seven rainy month in the year, in which the streams are drying up and storms frequently occur. Irrawaddy and Sittang River delta and flooded areas are at the core of Myanmar and offer its most prolific arable land.
Burma was abundant in rainforest, monsoons and mangroves. In Myanmar, the depletion of forestry has not only endangered wildlife and vegetation but has also led to mudslides, floods and droughts. The Shan Plateau and the southeast of the land are rugged and ruggedly cragged.
In Myanmar, elsewhere, there are promontories that lead to the ridges. Myanmar's northerly peaks, which includes the Patkai and Kumon Hills, are among the most southerly foothills of the Himalayas. They are very high and jagged; they encompass Hkakabo Razi at the most northerly tip of the state. They run southwards along the west borders of India and Bangladesh.
Arakan ( "Rakhine") hills stretch along the southeastern coastline. In the southeastern part of Mount Victoria, almost 2,500 kilometres southward of Mandalay, is Mount Popa, a dramatic extinguished lava that towers 1,518 metres (5,009 feet) from the nearby plateaus. Pegu Yoma (Bago) Hills are located in the heart of Myanmar. Shan Plateau has profound chalk canyons.
Some of the most important are the Salween (Thanlwin) and Gokteik gorges, which are crossed by the Namtu rivers. Northeastern Myanmar, Shan Plateau-149,743 sq km (57,816 sq miles) climbs to an altitude of approximately 914 metres (3,000 feet) on a mean altitude. There are several man-made reservoirs and embankments in the rivers.