Myanmar formerly known asBurma formerly known as
Burma - ?lov?k v tomni
Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is a South East Asia bordering India and Bangladesh in the northwest, China in the northeast, Thailand and Laos in the south east, the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in the southwest and south. It is split into 14 states and regions and has 135 formally recognised ethnical groups including eight other large nationalities.
Over 50 years of junta leadership and ethnical conflicts have thrown Myanmar into long-term impoverishment and mourning. This was followed by drastic changes, among them important reform, the liberation of several hundred Zimbabwean detainees and the abolition of the imposition of certain restrictions on the country's economy. The National League for Democracy - the Aung San Suu Kyi faction - won the parliamentary elections in November 2015 and a new NLD-led administration was established on March 30, 2016.
Simultaneously, there are ongoing hostilities between Myanmar's military and ethnical groups, particularly in the states of Kachin, Shan and Rakhine. Over 100,000 people ("refugees" mostly from the south-east of the country) still live in Thailand. In addition, inter-communal conflict broke out in 2012 in various parts of Myanmar, particularly in the state of Rakhine, with increased tension between Buddhist and Islam.
Finally, however auspicious the country's macroeconomic transition may be, it is still delicate and fraught with barriers that are affecting the people' s commercial, societal and intercultural freedoms. In 1997 the company began supporting civic groups in Myanmar and/or on the Thai side of the Thai frontier, where more than a hundred thousand Myanmar migrants are living.
As a result of the changes in politics and societies, in 2012 it was possible for PIN to set up an agency in Yangon and provide assistance directly on the spot, with a focus on transferring know-how, developing competencies and supporting grassroots activities. With its program for civic participation, the INP is supporting organizations of civic participation that have an important part in closing the gulf between municipalities and municipal government and contributing to civic dialog and the reinforcement of a democracy founded on fundamental freedoms.
Further programs are a social cohesion program aimed at supporting civilian activities in municipalities affected by intercommunal violence in Kayin, Mon and Rakhine states, and a children conservation program establishing community-based and school-based children conservation programs in the Mandalay and Sagaing areas and in Shan state.