Myanmar fact Sheet

Burma Datasheet

Signs of a shrinking illegal opiate economy in Myanmar: Changes in the regional drug market? The information sheets are updated semi-annually; June and December. Country Profile USAID - Myanmar[translation]. Country Profile USAID - Myanmar[translation].

Burma International Trade Fair for Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Electricity.

Leaflet on Myanmar

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Burma: Factsheet Alimentary Aid - 15 May 2018 - Myanmar

Myanmar has a total of about 53 million inhabitants and at least 135 different ethnical groups. Gunfire, intercommunal force, high global demand for human resources and recurring catastrophes are continuing to erode Burma's livelihood. The UN reports that some 779,000 affected persons in the states of Kachin, Kayin, Rakhine and Shan are susceptible to serious aggravation.

In Burma, long-term poorness is hindering people' s ability to eat sufficient and nutritional sustenance, and physical inactivity is affecting life chances, especially in those affected by the war. About 38 per cent of the people live below the income threshold. Burmese people are malnourished due to poor nutritional balance, domestic nutritional uncertainty, poor nutritional practice and poor healthcare availability.

According to the UN World Food Program (WFP), almost 30 per cent of infants under 5 years of age are chronically malnourished. In 2017, the Global Hunger Index reports that about 7 per cent of the under 5s are suffering from severe undernourishment. Assaults by gunmen on Burma's police stations in August 2017 and ensuing army missions in Rakhine led to massive expulsions, and the continuing shortage of people in the country has increased the country's human needs.

Approximately 700,000 refugees, mainly Rohingya Muslims, have escaped since the August bombings to neighbouring Bangladesh, where they live in refugee camps, temporary housing estates and receiving societies and are threatened by nutritional uncertainty, undernourishment and diseases. Endangered groups - especially those of young and old - have no basic service provision, such as healthcare, basic educational, livelihood and market opportunities, due to continuing uncertainty and inactivity.

The USAID Office for Humanitarian Relief and Development (FFP) donated $7 million to the WFP in fiscal 2018 to help endangered and conflict-affected communities in the states of Kachin, Rakhine and Shan with humanitarian and nutritional relief. FFP funding also allows WFP to identify and chart the emergencies in these areas, making it easier to deliver life-saving relief.

During the 2017 fiscal year, FFP provided US$13.2 million to the WFP and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), which includes immediate nutritional aid and ready-to-use medical supplies for infants under five years of age who have suffered from serious, acute undernourishment. UNICEF and its partner focus on internally-displaced people and vulnerable groups, providing nutritional testing and community-based SAM treatments for infants, and empowering communities through surveillance, education and design.

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