Myanmar Facebook Photo CommentsBurma Facebook Photo Comments
Hassrede is still becoming a virus on Facebook in Myanmar, despite Zuckerberg's pledges
Rohingya Muslim houses in Rakhine state in Myanmar were still smouldering when a Myanmar Facebook group sent a note to its 400,000 supporters to celebrate the country's violent war. "Maung Daw was today proclaimed a Bengali-free zone," said the news published on Facebook on September 15, 2017.
The Bengali is a regular link for Myanmar's largely Muslim Rohingya people, and Maung Daw has been the scene of some of the military's worst atrocities. Pillar announcing a military action that the U.N. has since described as a "textbook example of racial cleansing" divided an alarming well, stacking 13,500 shares, 22,000 responses and over 2,000 comments.
It is only one of the thousand hateful news stories that have been polluting Facebook in Myanmar since September and turning the Myanmar community into a "beast" that has made Myanmar ethnically violent, the UN said. Now that Zuckerberg is preparing to be barbecued by U.S. legislators this weekend because of growing privacy violations and countless domestic and foreign outrage, Myanmar campaigners and HR groups are pointing to these hateful places as evidence that Facebook is still failing to enforce its own rule.
"There is probably nowhere greater danger of Facebook contents triggering open conflict than in Myanmar," an open Letter from Myanmar civic organisations to Zuckerberg last weeks. The groups in an e-mail reply to Zuckerberg blamed Facebook for using Myanmar as a Third World national. "Their suggestions for improvement are far from sufficient to make sure that Myanmar residents receive the same level of service as in the US or Europe," the group said.
However, the campaigners continue: You allege that Facebook has assisted the federal administration by repressing dissident votes and critically reporting the Rakhine state army's atrocities. Last month's seldom criticism of Facebook comes when the UN examines accounts of a planned and on-going Myanmar police ethnical purge that began last August and forced more than 700,000 Rohingya Muslims to escape to Bangladesh within a few heydays.
Burma has rejected the report on several occasions despite the devastating proof provided by the United Nations, Human Rights Watch and other human rights organisations. Now the UN explorers are focusing their attention on Facebook, which Marzuki Darusman, head of the independent international United Nations fact-finding missions in Myanmar, described as a "determining role" in the country's economic upheaval.
Yanghee Lee, who thinks the Rakhine State incidents carry the marks of massacre, went one stage further and said that Facebook's initial intent to bring together humans was to help ultra-nationalist Buddhists disseminate hatred speeches against the Rohingya and other nationalities. "I' m worried that Facebook has now turned into a creature, not what it was meant to be," Lee said.
Much of the issue, Lee said, is due to the fact that Facebook is the web for most of Myanmar's population. "All is done on Facebook in Myanmar," Lee said. Myanmar's main site was Facebook. However, despite its huge appeal and recent economic expansion, commentators said that the firm seemed to tie up scarce natural resource for the land, and that its employees were unable to cope with the fast pace at which hateful speeches were spreading on the plate.
Reviewer point out that Facebook has no offices in Myanmar. Comercial activities related to the land are conducted from the Facebook branch in Singapore, while the compliance committee is located in Australia, Petersen said. While Facebook would not say how many employees it has devoted to Myanmar or how many of its employees talk the talk, Zuckerberg has set the number of Burmese-speaking presenters to "dozens" in his e-mail this weeks.
As a spokesman for Facebook said, the corporation "occupied" its Communities Operation teams, referring to a safety crew that has grown to 20,000 worldwide in recent years. Myanmar's situation is not so bright. "Facebook has not yet been able to identify the pages or account or group that are the vector of this information and hatred," Ray Serrato, a young computer scientist and analyzer who followed the hatred talk on the Facebook page of the MaBa Tha group.
Serrato, who does not know Burmese, was able to use Facebook's own interface to remove the information from the web, and he is wondering why the business can't do something similar. "It' s a little bit of a surprise to me that Facebook hasn't been able to identify some of these things, because even if it doesn't talk the talk, some of the words are just so rough and simple to see that they are obviously hateful speeches," Serrato said.
He said that police hatred speeches are only becoming more complicated as people have found ways to split their contributions without betraying censorship. They insist that Facebook "takes these allegations unbelievably seriously" and referred to his work with Phandeeyar as an example of what it does.
However, campaigners said Facebook should not have been surprised by the results of the UN and wondered how much the organization is working to solve its problems in Myanmar. "It is important for Facebook to have a team that works to prevent hatred speeches, racist insults and the encouragement of force, and not just stand by and watch them pretend not to know, or that it is not their responsibility," Mansor said.
There are no simple responses to Facebook, and asking the business to be the arbitrator of what is allowed raises another range of misgivings, said Champa Patel, director of the Asia-Pacific programme for the British think tanks Chatham House. "There' s the bigger issue of who will decide what a'dissenting' vote is and where the boundaries should be crossed so that hatred and instigation to violent acts are slowed down, but not at the cost of freedom of opinion on sensitive or contentious issues," Patel said.
Nevertheless, campaigners say that Facebook has not completely retired from the grading world. Whilst Facebook has failed to contain hatred speeches and incitements to force, campaigners have pointed to another problem: the story of the Korean public service that prevents them from bringing the government-led horrors against the Rohingya to justice. Said his Facebook bankroll, which document the Rakhine state army camp, was abandoned and contributions were removed or censored.
Anwar gave no statement other than an automatic notice that his contributions violate the company's community standards, even though they contain no graphical pictures or calls to violent behavior. When he released an article in which he documented Burma's army choppers over Rohingya village in the Maungdaw district of Rakhine state, it became virtual.
He said that the administration had previously "not taken welfare agents seriously," but once he got the world's notice, the administration was turned on. Shortly thereafter, he says, Facebook began to take action against dissident votes by deactivating their online account and posting censorship. Regarding inquiries from the federal authorities, Facebook said:
"we' re clear about the contents that we limit at the demand of the global governments in accordance with the laws of each country. "In its latest Myanmar Transparancy Review - which only covers the first half of 2017 - the firm reported that, at the wish of the Chinese authorities, it has taken away only a small amount of it.
Acticians and commentators also called into question how Facebook could suffocate disagreement while failing to implement the fundamental policies against hatred speeches and instigation on force. For years, the ultra-nationalist Buddhist friar Ashin Wirathu - who called himself "Burmese bin Laden" - was given the opportunity to uncontrolledly propagate hatred speeches on Facebook.
Recently, Zaw Htay, the State Councillor's present spokeswoman, Aung San Suu Kyi, said that Facebook was working with the Myanmar administration to block the bank account of a group of Rohingya militants. But the same demand was not made to curb the MaBa Tha group, which has over 500,000 supporters and routinely promotes hatred speeches and appeals for force against the Rohingya group.
Researchers and HR monitors said Myanmar's and Myanmar's governments often use Facebook to improve material that conflicts with their interests, while disregarding topics such as hate-speaking and ethnically-inciting. Burma isn't the only place Facebook is charged with sticking to the line of governance. She often removes positions criticizing the king's people under the country's stringent law; in the Philippines, the firm is charged with assisting Rodrigo Duterte's regimes; and in Cambodia, Nazi party leader Sam Rainsy has sued Facebook to compel them to disclose how close they work with PM Hun Sen's dictatorial regimes.
Campaigners referred to the offices of the Burma's formal administration, the military and the country's defence. Rohingya campaigner Ro Nay San Lwin, a European-based Rohingya campaigner, said his Myanmar counterparts "suffered a lot" because they published timetable upgrades and received improper comments from anti-Rohingya bank accounts. No. Ro Nay San Lwin, an expert on Rohingya in Europe, said that his Myanmar counterparts had "suffered a lot" because they had received improper comments from anti-Rohingya work.
"It is a means for the voices of suppressed individuals, and when it tries to repress that voices, Facebook is no different from the oppressors," Mansour said. Notwithstanding Zuckerberg's repeated excuses in recent months and his promise to provide more funding for the Myanmar issue, campaigners are not convinced and worry that as long as Facebook is primarily powered by profit, abuses and violations will escalate.
"Unless global Facebook subscribers make a statement and show Rohingya support, UN comments will not play a role for Facebook - it's a company," Anwar said, added that recent high-profile controversy only confirms his opinion of the game.