Myanmar ElectricityBurma Electricity
The house rates in Myanmar are K35 per kWh for the first 100 unit, K40/kWh for the next 100 unit and K50/kWh for all other unit. These are the cheapest house rates in ASEAN with an avarage rate of about 0.03 US$/kWh and are among the cheapest in the ASEAN. Myanmar's highest "luxury" rate is actually lower than the lower rate in the ASEAN.
But while many companies are willing to spend more on better service delivery, the ability of the electricity supplies to tens of thousands of people cannot be based on a few thousand companies alone. In the 2016-2017 business year, the annual costs for the delivery of 1kWh amounted to T96. This means that the Myanmar administration loses between K59 and K74 on every retail sales of units.
On the whole, there will be further increases in utility costs over the years. By 2025, a number of new generating units are to be on line, which will necessarily be more expensive per kilowatt hour than the older Myanmar hydroelectric complex. In addition, the million new subscribers that are added mainly come from the housing sector and the countryside.
Its utility costs are higher than those of industry and/or the city. Consequently, the Ministry of Electricity and Energy was deprived of $300 million (K406.52 billion) in electricity grants in the last financial year and will loose almost $500 million this year. Some people argue in favor of subsidizing part of the electricity used.
Most intuitively, electricity is a precondition for almost all other facets of evolution. If there is no electrical lighting, the school cannot remain open for long and the pupils cannot go home to school. Towns without electricity are struggling to draw instructors. Economical research has also shown that accessing accessible electricity can have unexpected consequences, such as reducing the number of absences and fertility levels of workers while at the same time raising the number of women in work.
In addition, there is a need for accessible electricity to create new companies, increase investments and increase production. Because electricity is so vital to our today's economies and lifestyles, it is a decisive factor in whether or not it is included in our overall economic and social performance. But it is also important that the general population recognises that electricity is a huge undertaking, one of the greatest issues facing Myanmar today.
The State Council said in August 2017 that the most important priority of this administration is to bring a peaceful and electric power supply. This will require a level of funding that has never been seen in Myanmar before and that overshadows the state' s capabilities. High and extra-high tension power transmission links linking the North' s major towns and reservoirs are costing tens of billions of dollars.
Miles of cabling that connect a town to the network are at least $20,000, while a single mike of MV cabling that connects a group of towns to the network is $35,000. There is no less justification for the electricity production of all. Small- and mid-sized facilities are costing tens of thousands of millions and large facilities tens of thousands of billions.
Overall, the World Bank expects that by 2030 electricity requires a global capital expenditure of more than $30 billion. In order to give a feeling of size, Myanmar's overall 2017-2018 income taxes are expected to be just under $5 billion. Making people more aware of these charges is important, because the electrification of the 60 homes that currently have no electricity will partly be dependent on whether those who are hooked up pay a reasonable one.
Secondly, because increasing economic loss puts the regime in a weaker bargaining power generation and sales situation with Myanmar's businesses. Third, the major users of the present housing rate system are large, affluent people. For example, a low-income client who consumes 50 kWh per months will receive a grant of 3500 kWh, while a client who consumes 500 kWh will receive 30,000 kWh of free electricity.
Myanmar's electrification by 2030 is an extremely challenging undertaking on which the country's economic growth is based.