Myanmar Education Statistics

Burma education statistics

Myanmar's education system. Explore education statistics in Myanmar. Academic and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute of Statistics. An early adolescent girl: a global view of participation in lower secondary education. The total number of women enrolled in private primary schools, regardless of age.


Burma's community has long appreciated and emphasized the importance of education. The second and third level education takes place at state school. When Burma (Myanmar) gained sovereignty in 1948, its education was considered one of the best in Asia. In the 50 years it has been sealed off from the rest of the planet by the army, Myanmar has failed to make much progress and has been fighting to make up for lost ground since an electoral coalition took office in 2011.

For example, few Myanmar residents know that a man was walking on the lunar surface. During the first years after the country's liberation, Burma had an extended community of mission schooling employing overseas instructors who were teaching England and other disciplines. During the 1960' Ne Win ordered that the colonisers should no longer teach in school.

Today, Myanmar is lagging far behind the developing globe in education attainment. At one time at its peak in the area, Myanmar today has unskilled instructors, very few natural resource and ageing material. A number of colleges were constructed and spread across the towns to protect college kids from possible upheavals. Some of the best trained young men are the sons of the army élite, who in some cases have studied at university in the United States, Japan, Europe and Australia.

Educational expenses: Burma invests five-fold more in the army than it does in education and healthcare put together. During the 90s she only paid 28 Cent per kid for education. Maybe one of the reasons why state expenditure on education is so low is that Buddhist convents have trained traditional schoolchildren.

Alphabetization numbers are derived from UNESCO Statistics Institute numbers and are state-statistic. Education in Myanmar has long been considered important and significant. As a tradition, young people were educated at monastic colleges, where they learned Myanmar and fundamental math. Historically, all young people aged eight to ten attended classes in a Buddhist convent near the city where they got to know Buddhism and learned to study and work.

Eventually these colleges gave way to state-run colleges, but many young men still get education in convents. Few females were trained under this system; their training took place mainly at home as they learnt how to do homework. In 1853-1878 King Mindon set up a college for an English missionsary.

Britain's settlement led to a change towards a Western education system. Yangon, Mandalay and other large towns were used as preparation colleges for the high school. Burma's academic community was considered the most respected in Southeast Asia during this time. "Because of the absence of investments, most of the time, colleges levy a number of informal charges.

A lot of homes, especially in impoverished countryside areas, cannot finance these charges and are therefore obliged to take their schoolchildren out. 5% of qualifying pupils attend middle schools. Nowadays, two third to three fourths of pupils leave grammar schools before the fifth year. Basic education is officialy obligatory.

The course takes five years, and in order to enter middle and lower education, pupils must take a thorough exam of the basics. This kind of education was acceptable in the business world from 1948 to 1962. However, between 1962 and 1988, privately-run organizations were abolished in the period of socialism. Since the 1990' these colleges have redeveloped.

The 2011 law on privately-run education was passed to strengthen the involvement of individuals in the field of education. Accordingly, 20 of the 67 privately-run colleges that had asked the Ministry of Education for approval have opened so far. Myanmar International Yangon International College is a privately-owned language and culture education program that provides the highest possible standards of education through a wide and diverse program.

Myanmar's education system continues to be dominated by religion. They have an important part in providing education. It offers free education and is aimed in particular at abandoned persons or those from impoverished backgrounds who cannot provide any kind of schooling. You are following the curricula.

This school, overseen by Buddhist friars, is of great importance. The Buddhists began a monastery education program in 1946 with the goal of opening further monastery colleges in isolated areas. Eventually, it was formalised in 1992 with the approval of the authorities. Meanwhile there are more than 1400 monastery colleges in 250 townships in Myanmar.

In 2005/06, the number of elementary pupils in these colleges exceeded 160,000. Lifespan at secondary level (primary to tertiary): 9 years in all ('07). Elementary kids: 85 per cent. Classes begin on June 1. Prekindergarten 4-5; elementary school: Nursery 5-6; 6-7; 7-8; 8-9; 9-10; Intermediate:

5 10-11; 6 11-12; 7 12-13; 8 13-14; Gymnasium: To this day, the fact that the children's children are so underfinanced means that they are looking for sponsors from families to buy tables and blackboards. Having schooling often shut down and in such a bad shape parent who can can afford to have their children sent to home day care centers that provide computer and language instruction.

There is a lack of good education all over Myanmar. There are long wait lines or much higher student enrolment rates in small privately run colleges than most do. Undergraduates attending Anglophone foreign languages or any other privately funded school are not entitled to take the enrollment test, nor are they permitted to enrol at any university.

There were 695 Myanmar foreign exchange graduates studying in the United States in 2010, particularly at privately-run adult art school. It has 45 university and college institutions and 154 specialist and professional training centres. The Myanmar administration said in 2004 that between 1989 and 2004 the number of junior college and university institutions rose from 32 to 154 and the number of undergraduates from 120,000 to 890,000.

The Ministry of Education controls most of Myanmar's higher education institutions and institutions. It is less than six month. Classes end in October. Postsecondary education (typical age). A large number of undergraduates go to higher education institutions in other jurisdictions such as Singapore and Thailand for a Master's course.

The most important are the University of Yangon (formerly known as Rangoon Arts and Sciences University, established in 1920), Yangon Technical University, the University of Yangon and the University of Mandalay. In many cases, defence colleges, technical colleges and faculties of medicine remain open, while the other colleges provide the most advanced and state-of-the-art equipment.

Often the student who studies at these institutions is not free to talk, post or disclose. Since 1962 there has been a constant escalation in higher education. Following the 1988 public disturbances, in which many of our fellow countrymen were engaged in anti-government activity, extensive university and college shutdowns occurred.

There has been a repetitive circle of opening and closure of higher education institutions, which has made serious studies practically infeasible. University and college were shut down in 1996 and only a few were re-opened in 2000. Between 1988 - when they were shut down after the rallies against the regime, which claimed the lives of several hundred people and were considered a hotbed of disagreement - and 2003 - two third of the campuses were closure.

After Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under home detention as a precautionary measure against riots, she was forced to close her university in 2003. Schoolteachers can' even get an education. Once the university is open again, courses are often held in off-campus places to prevent aggravation. Schoolchildren in some cases are studying in Mandalay or Prome in a classroom near rural army stations or in Yangon.

Because of the protests of the 8888 uprising all Burmese schools were shut down for two years. From the 1990s, the new educational system was fragile as the regime was confronted with the university crises and established a six-month semester for an academical year. There have been occasional start deadlines agreed by the army regime for higher education.

A further string of student strikes in 1996 and 1998 led to another three years of closures. Following the reopening of higher education institutions in 1999, the regional distribution of higher education was made by the state. Certain resettlement of certain schools took place under the respective departments. The Burmese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2005 formally declared that Burma's education has reached world standards and the Burmese administration is eligible for 156 Myanmar schools and university.

Unversities have been breeding grounds for education since Britain's Colonisation. In many cases, only those under Myanmar's army regimes who had been studying engineering and promising to keep out of the political arena were welcome. The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, The Irrawaddy, Myanmar Travel Information Compton's Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Myanmar Travel Information, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Global Viewpoint (Christian Science Monitor), Foreign Policy, Burmallibrary, United States.

Mehr zum Thema