Myanmar DivisionDepartment Myanmar
MSA | About MEA | Organizational Structure | Business Units.
Table of content
Burma Division was a statical group of the British Indies Army. Founded in 1903 as part of the reform of the army of India by Herbert Kitchener, the first Earl Kitchener and then Commander-in-Chief, India. It is best regarded as a province or county commando and not as an army division.
Division was headquartered in Maymyo. The division at the beginning of the First World War was:: World War I source book. The Battle of the Divisions Part 5B. Army divisions of India. Westlake Military Books. "1914-1918 Burma Division on The Regimental Warpath by PB Chappell."
There' s a stump in this story about a particular army outfit. That World War I item is a blunt one.
Chindwin River Tamanthi Reservoir, Sagaing Division, Myanmar
Myanmar's Chindwin is the biggest affluent of the Irrawaddy. From the Hugawng Valley of Kachin State, it runs through mountains and woods, through the Sagaing Division until it arrives at the great Irrawaddy. Tamanthi Reservoir (Sagaing Division), suggested in 2004 by the Indian and Myanmar authorities, would have made irreversible changes to the Chindwin Rivers.
It has created severe resistance from civic groups to the major societal and ecological effects and violations of people' s freedoms that have been recorded in the early phases of construction. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the Tamanthi Reservoir was recently agreed between the Indian National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) and the Myanmar authorities. Burma's organisation Bank of Burma conducted an EIA in 2006.
This was followed by a second India-Burma deal on September 16, 2008, which states that the Indian Department of Hydro Power Implementation (DHPI) will set up a jointventure with NHPC to develop the Tamanthi and Shwezaye reservoir. There were disastrous societal consequences of the first phases of the expansion of hydroelectric power.
The Kuki Women's Human Rights Organization (KWHRO), a civic group, stated that all plans were made in secret and without any involvement in the decision-making process. Approximately 2,400 persons from the wealthy Kuki towns of Leivomjang and Tazong were resettled in Sagaing in 2007 by force of arms and buildings, church, cemetery and farm buildings were levelled[1,2].
The expelled village inhabitants were only paid 5,000 kyats (USD 5) in damages for their home and gardens and had to subscribe that the resettlement was optional, KWHRO documents. When the Tamanthi dam was fully opened, it would have driven no less than 45,000 persons from an estimate of 52 towns and the whole city of Khamti, KWHRO said.
Possible effects on the environment were also far-reaching. "Nevertheless, they recorded 332 bird and 59 mammalian, 333 insect, 57 reptile, 67 marine and 526 plant life types, some of which are highly threatened in the flooded area of the dam," KWHRO said. It would also inundate parts of the Tamanthi Game Reserve, where large vulnerable global animals such as the tiger (Panthera tigris), elephant (Elephus maximus) and the Myanmar turtle (Kachuga travittata) live.
In addition, the planned site was situated on the embankment line Lagaing, which suffered two quakes in February 2011[1,3]. There was a great deal of resistance to the hydroelectric power schemes. Alternate reporting (2011) has been prepared to document the far-reaching outcomes. Civic groups such as KWHRO called on the two administrations to stop the construction of the reservoir immediately and to allow the resettled village inhabitants to go home with adequate compensation.
In addition, the resistance movements were confronted with oppression. By 2012, a comprehensive financial reporting on the projects was not possible without state support from India or Myanmar. Myanmar, in a statement to the Indian State Department, abolished both the Tamanthi and Shwezaye Dam projects because of the high negative impact on society and the environment, the fierce municipal opposition and concern about the hydroelectric dam's ability to survive economically.
The then Myanmar Secretary of State for the Enviroment and Forest said, according to the media portal livemint.com: "In the search for sustainable growth, we must take care of the natural surroundings, which is our topprioritity. Civic groups very much appreciated the lifting of the dams. Whilst there are concerns that the Tamanthi River Embankment may one of these days be back on Myanmar's hydroelectric energy schedule, a powerful civic community is overseeing the hydroelectric power trend in Myanmar.