Myanmar Country Profile 2016Burma Country Profile 2016
2016 Doing Business Economy Profile: Myanmar
The economic profiles for Doing in 2016 are the 11 Doing in Myanmar. In order to enable a meaningful benchmarking, the profiles also provide information for other chosen countries (comparative economies) for each one. The 2016 Doing Buisness is the thirteenth installment of a set of financial reporting that measures the rules that promote and restrict doings.
Myanmar is rated 167th in 2015. Significant facilitation of the rankings means that the legal framework is more favourable for the establishment and running of a domestic company. It presents a set of quantified economic and ownership regulation and ownership law measures that can be benchmarked across 189 countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and over the years.
D o-ing b ousiness shows how simple or hard it is for a small to medium-sized company to open and run if it complies with the applicable rules. The system monitors and monitors changes in rules affecting 11 areas in a company's lifecycle: setting up a company, handling building permissions, obtaining power, registration of ownership, borrowing, protection of non-controlling shareholders, payment of tax, cross-border trade, contract enforcement, solving insolvencies and labour notifications.
Figures in this interim financial statements are up to date as of 1 June 2015 (with the exception of the tax payment indicator, which covers the January to December 2014 period).
The area of terrestrial territory relates to the entire area of a nation without the area under fresh sea. This is different from the national territory, i.e. the area under the fresh sea, but without the off-shore terrestrial area. When the terms "economy" or "country or territory" appear in a text or table, they include a region, county, territory, city or territory.
Country profile Fisheries
In Southeast Asia, Myanmar lies between 09º32'N and 28º31'N and 92º10'E and 101º11'E longitude with a surface area of 677,000 square kilometres (Figure 1). Fish stocks in the state, the EEZ included, are about 486,000 square kilometres and the mainland shelves cover 228,781 square kilometres. Burma has 8.1 million ha of vast freshwater areas, comprising wild seas, dams, river basins and pools.
Fishing is an important part of Myanmar's cultural and economic development. Seafood is the main sources of meat proteins for those who eat raw materials such as raw materials such as raw materials such as rices and sausages. In 2016, with 51.5 million inhabitants, the country's annual fishing consumed an annual figure of 68 kg/person. The majority of the populations in mountain and deltas favour fresh water species and those living on the coast.
Fishing is one of the most important elements of the country's economic fabric, helping tens of thousand livelihood siblings. In all, 3 220 000 people are involved in full and part-time fishing, 57% of whom work in fresh water fishing and 43% in sea fishing (Figure 2).
Myanmar's fishing industry is subdivided into sea and fresh water fishing. Whereas the sub-sector sea fishing covers coastal and off-shore fishing, the sub-sector fresh water fishing covers the areas of acquaculture and the open and leaseable fishing sektor. In the 2015-2016 financial year, the country's overall output was 5.59 million MT (Figure 3), with sea fishing producing 3.00 million MT (54% of the overall production) and fresh water fishing producing 2.59 million MT (46% of the overall production).
Please note that a financial year for Myanmar fishery information will cover the first of April of the following year until 31 March of the following year. Coastal fishery allows the use of angling vessels in water 10 sea-mile from the coast. The insshore fishermen' s vessels are no more than 30 ft long, driven by less than 25 HP motor, and use drift net, gill net and long line.
Secondly, off-shore craft operating beyond the coastal fisheries area to the EEZ are more than 30 ft long, driven by an over 25 HP motor and using trawls, purse seines and long line. Figure 4 shows the type and number of fishermen in Myanmar from 2011 to 2016.
While the Department of Marine Administration is in charge of registering fishermen' s yachts and transporters flying the Myanmar banner, the Department of Fisheries (DoF) is in charge of issuing, suspension and withdrawal of permits for fishermen' s yachts or transporters. The DoF is also empowered to transpose, monitor and apply legislation, ordinances and maintenance and management policies that must be observed by fishery fleets.
The recording of catch is contained in the catch permit if only one fishery vehicle is allowed to use one catch. Fishermen must request a permit from the dock management company if the operator of the fishery wishes to replace the equipment. Specifications and limitations of tackle and other licensing terms are indicated on the angling permit.
Species and number of gear from 2011 to 2016 are shown in Figure 5. Fresh water fishery output comes mainly from flooded areas, which comprise about 6 areas. Fresh waterquaculture is mainly carried out by privately owned ponds. DoF provides the technological know-how of pisciculture and delivers high qualitative seed to pisciculture.
In the case of rentable fresh water fishery, allowances are provided under a rental contract with the DoF, provided that the provisions on the area, the types, the gear, the fishing time and the methodologies used are respected. In the meantime, open fishery is authorised in accordance with the licence or tendering procedure indicating the reasons for and any other method which could be used in all fresh water except leased-fishery.
Chart 1 shows the 2011-2016 output of important fresh sea fisheries in Myanmar. Of course there are some types of coldwater like Tor spor. in the most northern part of the land, where the temperatures are very low. Since 2012, the DoF has set up a back yard incubator for the farming of potentially important native types of fish and disseminates the fundamental technologies of fishing to the community's population.
Decorative fishing is one of the most important industries in the state, generating revenue from exports. In 2014-2015, the total output of decorative species was about 1.45 million species, the same as in 2015-2016. The value of Zierfischproduktion had risen from 0.16 million US$ in the prior year to 0.20 million US$ in 2015-2016.
Approximately 70% of the freshwater dried landings in Myanmar are intended for immediate humans, mostly cool and unpeeled, while some are either freezed or healed, and about 10% are converted into fishmeal. There are currently 117 refrigerated warehouse processors and manufacturers and 301 icy crops in the state ('Figure 6).
The majority of seafood processors manufactured chilled uncooked seafood items (frozen whole seafood and chilled brown shrimp), although some processors did produce value-added items such as chilled, boiled and hulled shrimps, chilled shrimps, chilled fillets, chilled marine shrimps, chilled uncooked shrimps, fried octopus ring, maize twine, breaded filleted fingers and fillets of beef.
The EU has provided Myanmar with EU-compliant tecnical aid for the manufacture of fisheries produce. At present, 20 processors have been authorised to export fisheries produce to EU states. Burma exports only to the EU frosty, wildfished fisheries and the DoF is making an effort to obtain authorisation for Myanmar to include them.
Yangon's most important wholesalers are Pazuntaung Naungdan and Annawa and other countries and departments. Myanmar DoF Inspectorate ensures that the health and welfare of fisheries produce is suitable for human food by designing and implementing health and welfare information assurance schemes to guarantee health and welfare through the introduction, certification and review of the HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) system and enhanced inspections procedures that are harmonised with interna -tional inspections schemes (Figure 7).
Myanmar DoF is in charge of supervision, inspection and supervision (MCS) to guarantee the overall health and welfare of fisheries exports and imports. Between 2015-2016, the quantity of exports of fish and fisheries related goods amounted to MT 0.37 million and US$ 502 million (Figure 8). Volumes and values of fisheries exports to the 10 main destinations by value are shown in Graph 9.
In the period 2015-2016, the ten most important fisheries exports and imports are shown in Figure 10 and 11. In Myanmar registered marine tortoises are loggerhead ( "Caretta caretta"), Chelonia meDas (green turtles), Eretmochelys Impbricata (falcon's beak), Lepidochelys Olivervacea (olive groves) and Dermochelys Corsica. The DoF has seen at least 35 nestings along the coast of the land, seven of which are tightly protected by the supervision and supervision of tortoise sanctuaries, couplings and the size of tortoises that can re-enter the state.
In September 2001 the state started to carry out tortoise protection in cooperation with various organisations. DoF Myanmar is the signatory to the Memorandum of Understanding on Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and their habitats in the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia (IOSEA). In spite of major efforts by the Myanmar government to advance equality between the sexes, there is no information on the budgets provided for women's issues in all ministries, in particular the Ministry of Fisheries, Livestock and Rural Development (Johnstone et al., 2012).
There is also very little information and information on the roles of men and women in Myanmar's fishing sector that can be used to draw up the relevant policy. The Myanmar government has ratified a number of measures on promoting equal opportunities for men and women, as defined by a number of important mechanisms, such as the 1997 Government of Myanmar Agreement on the Elimination of Discrimination against Woman, the Beijing Millennium Development Goals, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the ICPD.
Burma est auch aktives Mitglied der Association of Southeast Asian Nations Committee on Women and Children. There are no staff, departments or departments within the organisational framework of the dock management organisation in charge of gender-specific work in the fishing area. The lack of staff and budgetary funds makes it unlikely that sex related questions will be fully integrated into the different layers of the country's fishing world.
2016. Burma Fishing Statistics. Fisheries Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation. 2016. Department of Fish Inspection and Quality Control, Fisheries Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation. Managing the large marine ecosystem in the Bay of Bengal sustainably. Guided tours by Myanmar's women villagers.