Myanmar Change of Government

Burma Change of Government

I would like the government to explain who the president will be and ask for public support. Demographic change is another issue in connection with the Rakhine conflict. While the new government is unveiling promising but vague economic plans, the armed forces are in the background. Local media - including the state-run New Light of Myanmar - report every step of Daw Suu, often quite cheaply. The Lowy Institute tells Aaron Connelly about Myanmar's change of government from the desktop or your mobile device.

What will happen in Myanmar's political landscape with a new president-elect?

Under the leadership of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the government of the NLD (National League for Democracy) has replaced its chairman to improve its game. We shall be discussing the prospect of a nationwide reconcilement and inner freedom and whether there will be more frictions between the government and the army, which according to the 2008 Constitution will have some level of policy powers when Vice-President U Win Myint is presidente.

The legislator of the Yangon region, Ma Kyi Pyar, and the politologist Ko Maung Maung Soe are discussing this with me. Mr U Win Myint was appointed Vice-President and should be appointed Chairman at the date of publication. {\a6} (He was appointed Chairman on Wednesday after the inclusion of this issue by Dateline).

The NLD-lead government, I believe, has transformed the policy scene by moving from one to another two years after it took over. There is a discrepancy between U Win Myint and U Htin Kyaw because he has more experience in politics and has been voted three years since the 1990 parliamentary election. But Ma Kyi Pyar, how will the country's politics change when he is presidential?

Kyi Pyar: I anticipate that this will change a great deal, but we will have to see. Mr U Win Myint has definitely been a powerful parliamentary navigator over the last two years. While we have known about a possible change in the chairmanship, we did not anticipate U Win Myint to be chosen because he was so strongly represented in Parliament.

First, the Council of State had to fight in the government. Meanwhile, the legislature is doing well and U Win Myint seems to have had to work really well to keep the equilibrium with the law. When U Win Myint becomes chairman - I am sure he will - it will be a push for the Council of State.

As a member of the NLD Board, U Win Myint already has a solid standing. As spokesman for the House of Commons, he knows the government's work well. KZM: We believe that U Win Myint was elected for another purpose. How will it change the government?

MAUNGBMANUNG SOE: The new chairman is elected for two mainstays. Firstly, since Rule 59(f) of the Constitution has not been amended in the last two years, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi is still excluded from the chair. Here too she would like to shoulder her responsibilities with the Chairman, because of her work load and her years.

What I want the NLD government to do is to make the change open. The next presidency is known a year in a democracy like the United States. China, which has a one-party system, knows five years in advance who will be elected to the presidency. But we don't know who the mayor is.

l want the government to change that. I would like the government to explain who the current presidency will be and ask for official approval. NLD was a grassroots organisation and should not be shy of seeking popular backing. In accordance with Art. 235 of the 2008 Constitution, if a head of government should die or retire before the end of his or her tenure, the current government should only remain in power until a new government is inaugurated.

That means that the new presidency can create a new government and the current government or not. That is in line with the Constitution. I think the current cabinets are too old. The NLD should nominate younger members in the 1940s and 1950s, even if they have no previous experiences, as alternate minister to give them a place to work.

In the last two years, the achievements of certain government officials, whether in the economic or tourist sectors, and of the entire office have been severely criticised. But Ma Kyi Pyar, what are you proposing to the NLD secretaries and members? KP: As U Maung Maung Soe emphasized, they have experiences at their years.

We' d better have a minister between the ages of 50 and 60. Ministries and alternate minister are policy offices. When they have the necessary skills in politics and business administration, they can always obtain the advice of scientists to do their job well. In the last two years, the government has appointed scientists in this field.

However, these learned people could not think from a politically point of view. What did they think? In my opinion, the government will be able to do better if it can see things from a policy perspective and consult with scientists. A further issue is that the government did not initially nominate alternate minister, although it has now nominated some over the years.

Whereas the merger of some government offices requires them to work directly with the standing administrators, the minister has had to take charge of many of them. KZM: U Win Myint seems to be a political leader and has a determined lead.

But, as chairman, how would he get involved with the Tatmadaw? It is a major issue, I think, because it is the Tatmadaw relations that determine our achievement of a nation's unity and inner serenity. the Tatmadaw will follow the president's orders. Looking at U Win Myint's accomplishments over the past two years, he works in strict compliance with the state.

I believe that even if there is friction between the powers that are committed to the 2008 Constitution and U Win Myint, who can act rigorously in accordance with the 2008 Constitution, he will be able to deal with it well. It will be able to impose severe disciplines on the government, whose disciplines are too slack.

For now, the new chairman will be sharing the blame with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. KZM: U Htin Kyaw did not seem to have the entire board. However, I think that U Win Myint will have greater powers of execution. Mr Kyaw, I like former US Prime Minister U Htin Kyaw for his sincerity and way of being.

However, he seems to have had difficulties to hold this position. Not only is the new president-elect U Win Myint a powerhouse in the Greens, he also has the duty to run the House of Commons with confidence, and he has performed well. KZM: U Win Myint has juridical expert knowledge and knows what is going on locally.

How far will he be able to act and press for freedom as chairman - because the peacemaking processes depend mainly on negotiations with the warlords? Membership in the MMS: The National Reconciliation and Peace Center (NRPC) is directly responsible for the peacemaking work. I' m not sure if this will be the presidency's job.

I was reading a piece of newscast in which the KNU (Karen National Union) said in a declaration that it wanted the new chairman to direct the peacemaking world. However, for the moment Daw Aung San Suu Kyi will retain and progressively relinquish this responsibilities. KZM: U Htin Kyaw was the ninth democratically elected Myanmar official.

U Win Myint has become the tenth civil premier ever since. How far will this impetus for policy reforms take place and what do you think will be accomplished in the next two or three years before the parliamentary election in 2020? We have high hopes and we are still unable to meet them.

There has definitely been no deterioration in the last two years, but we need to do more to meet people's needs. Two years after taking up its duties, the government has begun to make changes, and if we can do our best to get ready in the next two years, we will not have to be worried about the elections in 2020.

KZM: We now have a new presidency, but no matter how much it is able, given the present policy environment and the 2008 constitution, it is hard to change rules such as Rule 59(f) and create it. Expectations of the NLD government for peacemaking and intergovernmental reconstruction are still far from real.

It will be supported by the public, whether they like it or not, because they detest the army regime and do not want the USDP (Union Solidarity and Development Party), supported by the army, to comeback. Well, folks will back it anyway, as long as there's no other way. It is important for the government of the Netherlands to be conscious of the financial difficulties.

Also, the value of the Kyoto Dollars is steady in comparison to the U Thein Sein period. The government should therefore be conscious of the plight of the population. When the population gets into greater need, it becomes a government crises. There' ll be a lot of unstable politics. NLD government must monitor this over the next three years.

Like I said, it will still be hard to achieve that. KZM: We will see how Myanmar will change under the new government.

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