Myanmar Census DataCensus data of Myanmar
2016 census results finalized
Ethnical and religio data ruled out from the "main results" of the 2014 census on May 29 will be published early next year, say civil servants. During a Nay Pyi Taw Nay Pyi Taw ceremony to announce the results of the countrywide headcount, Minister of Immigration and Population U Khin Yi said that further talks with racial leadership must take place before these data are public.
Preliminary results were published last August. This census, the first in more than 30 years, includes a total of 135 recognized and some unrecognized people. "I think if we talk to the racial rulers, we can resolve these issues. We will publish data on race, religious beliefs, profession and industries in early 2016," said U Khin Yi, without mentioning the "problems" associated with it.
Opinion leaders have proposed that the postponement is a policy rather than an administration choice, as there are doubts that the disclosure of confidential data could lead to tension at a potentially fragile moment. In May 2014, the International Crisis Group cautioned against possible risk in the census. Differences of opinion on the categorisation of ethnical identity and the possible "total number of Muslims in the countryside could be much higher than expected" could increase tension in the run-up to the November poll.
In 1983, the Moslem community was formally registered as 4 per cent of the national totals - the same percentage as in the last census a century before. This census has provoked controversies because those in the state of Rakhine who wanted to be identified as Rohingya were excluded. They said that an estimated 1.09 million Rakhine State citizens were not enumerated, while the census takers were also refused entry to parts of Kachin State and Kayin State in areas under the control of gunmen.
"In parts of the state of Rakhine, members of some municipalities were not enumerated because they were not permitted to associate themselves with a name not recognized by the state. In the interests of safety and to prevent the potential for intercommunal conflict, the authorities took this decision," the minister said in the 277-page census document.
Because of Bangladesh's origins, the regime has refused to recognize Rohingya as an ethnical entity and calls it a Bengali. UN Secretary-General's UN General's envoy for Myanmar, Vijay Nambiar, praised the census as a "monumental achievement", but said that its deficiencies should not be underestimated. "North of Rakhine, a significant proportion of the populace was omitted from the practice in the midst of continuing community tension and the demands of many locals to be identified as Rohingya, a requirement that was not accepted by the authorities," Mr Nambiar said.
"census was also a cause of differences and fears. It is wise that the administration has chosen to call a consultation to review the categorisation in order to clarify Myanmar's biodiversity before publishing ethnical data," he said. "We will certainly be confronted with questions of categorisation and recognition of racial ethnicity on the basis of policy-making.
The census data would help solve these problems in this respect," he said. "Dependable andurate census data will supply information such as available manpower and population-based markets on the basis of which to develop blueprints and projections for the efficient delivery of government service and personal sectors and it would encourage FDI that would guarantee the economy's performance.
As part of the processes of societal reforms, information to the people would allow the efficient delivery of educational and health care and the cultural evolution of the racial communities," he said. Thein Sein emphasised that the results of the census as published so far are available to the general population in various forms, which include on-line, in printed form and on DVD provided by the Minister.