Myanmar Census 20162016 Myanmar Census
Thirty years later, Myanmar takes a census - finds a decline in fertility.
Descriptive/Topic: "The long-awaited Myanmar 2014 census religion numbers were published today after a time lag due to the controversial character of the detained information, particularly in view of the large Myanmar Islamic community. 9% of Myanmar's total populace, a decline of 1.5% in the last 30 years.
Proclamation also according active 6. 6pc of the group as a Christian, 4. 4pc Muslim and 0. 6pc of Hindu out of an estimated whole group of 51. 4 large integer. -The census also did not identify 1. 2 million individuals listed, includ-ing over 1 million in Rakhine State alone. Myanmar's earlier 1983 census found 4. 9% of the country's inhabitants to be Christians and 3.
Hindu people were also recounted at 0. 53pc in 1983....." source/publisher: The Myanmar Times Description/Topic: "For the first timeframe in more than three centuries, Burma published figures on the people of the country's various religions on the basis of the results of the 2014 census. Information was published by the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population on Thursday in the capitol Naypyidaw.
In the Karen and Kachin states, the Department said that the unlisted groups, not listed in the census, were not large enough to alter the proportions of religion at Union or state government or local groupings. The unlisted West Burmese populace - an estimated 1.09 million individuals who consider themselves Rohingya - is significant enough to influence the share of both state and Union religions.
This represents the overall Burmese headcount of 51.4 million, which includes an unlisted 1.2 million people. Compared to the 1983 and 1973 Jewish communities census conducted by the former dictatorship Ne Win's army regimes, the 2014 numbers showed a small decline in the proportion of the Buddha people and a small rise in the proportion of the Christians and Muslims.
In the 1983 census, it was said that the Buddha school was 89. Document/Publishing House: "The Irrawaddy" Description/Topic:"....This account shows that Buddhism is the belief expressed by the vast majority of Myanmar's peoples, followed by Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, animism and all other religions that are equal rights to confess and practise their religions at will.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United States of America, Australia, Finland, Germany, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom have been supporting it. It is the first census in over three centuries; the last ones took place in 1983 and 1973. The census was conducted in accordance with the terms of the Census of Population and Housing Act adopted in July 2013.
The results are critical to the design and construction of Myanmar. So far, the results of the 2014 census have been printed in three books. First were the preliminary results (Census Volume 1) issued in August 2014. In May 2015, H.E.U. Thein Sein, President of the Union of the Republic of Myanmar, presented the main results of the census.
Among them were the Union Report (Census Report Volume 2), the main results (Census Report Volume 2-A) and the 15 States and Regions Report (Census Report Volumes 3-(1 to 15)). Census information is now being disseminated across the entire national territory so that current and prospective consumers have an understanding of how they can interprete, use and use the information to prioritise the need to plan and improve service delivery at all government tiers.
Governments, members of parliament, civic organisations, public policy groups, journalists and community and religion chiefs, among others, took part in these meetings. Now the Occupational and Industrial Survey is part of the key findings (Census Volume 2-B). With regard to this document, at the date of publication of the key findings, the codification of the open answers to professional and industrial issues was still in progress.
Myanmar Government thanks its developing partner for their technological, economic and managerial assistance throughout the census roll. I would also like to thank the MOIP Permanent Secretary and his staff for writing this document. Not least, the Myanmar population deserves particular credit for taking part in the census.
Your responses provide the foundation for the information in these wells. It is the government as a whole's hopes that the information in the census records will help improve the well-being of all Myanmar's people....'. "Myanmar's first census in over 30 years, an aggressive plan carried out in April 2014 with UN technology consultation and substantial financing from bi-lateral sources, has proven to be very conflicting and ingrained.
In this multifaceted state, a trial that was largely blinkered by the dangers of politics and conflicts has triggered a great deal of tension, both ethnically and religiously. This census will supply information that is critical to the Myanmar authorities, developing countries and investment in their plans of action. It has also led to tension and conflicts at a decisive time in the transitional and peaceful processes.
There are some unavoidable controversy in any census. But the way in which the processes have been conceived and planned, which do not respond adequately to the country's developing reality and the great dangers associated with it, have significantly increased its adverse effects. These are essentially based on the way in which information on race, religious and nationality rank is gathered and categorised, and on the absence of consultations with important electoral districts in the organisation of the proces.
Serious threats associated with this were clearly identified and identified in the policy assessments mandated by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) - the leading technological body - at the beginning of the trial, and have since been reiterated and reinforced by many other actors and monitors, the Crisis Group included.
UNFPA, however, denied these reservations, consequently presented a pan-Glossian view of the census and neglected to recognise either particular policy or conflict-related risk. The main census contributors have neglected to suggest major overhauls of the trial, even if a Rakhine state project had to be abandoned for fear of force and if major ethnically based groups demanded a postponement of the list.
It was only at the last moment, when a Rakhine census was boycotted and turned into acts of aggression against multinational relief organisations that triggered a human rights crises, that most people were pushing for such changes. This census was suspended in parts of the state of Rakhine after the last moment the Rakhine authorities decided to stop the Rohingya people from determining their own ethnic origin - a step aimed at appeasing Rakhine Radikals, who were condemned to a boycotts and could have caused fatalities.
In the midst of a mass and intimidating safety action in the Rohingya municipalities, those budgets that persisted in recognizing themselves as such - the vast majority in many areas - were completely excluded from the census. No census was conducted in Kachin State in areas under the control of the Kachin Independence Organization militarized group, partly because of concern over the collection of ethnicity.
Myanmar's army was deployed to safeguard the controversial areas of Kachin and North Shan State to provide the census. There were serious conflicts between the two sides and several hundred people had to escape. That has further strained the peacemaking processes at a crucial stage.
Undoubtedly, the administration has been found inadequate in its attempt to deal with the municipal tension that has proven so menacing to the Myanmar Muslim communities and in particular to the people of Rohingya. This problem was caused by a census. Similarly, a census that was more responsive to realities or less fragile could have restricted or prevented some of the issues that are now being fuelled.
There are other threats at the time and in the way census information is published. They will not be easily mitigated at this stage and UNFPA and donor countries will have much less impact once the most technologically advanced and expensive parts of the whole procedure have been concluded. Instead of taking their part of the burden of shaping and implementing a faulty trial in the face of clear multiparty alerts, UNFPA and major census-makers have tried to pass the buck entirely to the state.
At the last moment they criticized their choice to refuse Rohingya the right to identify herself without recognizing that they had abandoned the regime in a precarious situation with few good ways to prevent force by urging her not to change or delay the trial before then. It is imprecise and not helpful under the given conditions.
So, as I thought about the forthcoming census and the hot issue of race, I looked at it in relation to this particular college and these schoolchildren. Document/Editor: "New Mandala" Description/Topic: "On Sunday Myanmar began its first census in 30 years. While there are many issues and threats, as well as sectionalism, the country poll also offers some chances, says Nicholas Farrelly, co-founder of New Mandala.
Talking to ANU College of Asia and the Pacific in Myanmar's Naypyitaw, Farrelly said the census posed a "big mystery". "Throughout Myanmar the information available to decision-makers is fragmentary and contradictory. "This 2014 census will probably be the most important ethnical and policy demarcation in the UK since the last census in 1931.
But by using erroneous terms from the colonisation period and disregarding the significant complexities of the current Myanmar policy context, the census should lead to ethical tension at the very time when the peacemaking talks are aimed at creating confidence. There is a crucial point in ethic policy, democracy reforms and resolving conflicts.
The census, if conducted in an integrative, open and ethical manner, could help promote the process of country unity and reforms. Instead, many communities are concerned that their timings, formats and methods will further worsen and marginalize the policy standing of non-Bamar groups with an unjustified series of issues being monitored by prosecutors.
The civil liberties of some individuals may even be at risk due to the results of the census. There are further doubts about the date of the census in the year before an important general elections. The resulting statistics could have bewildering and adverse effects on policy debates and ethnical representations in legislation, as laid down in the 2008 Constitutional Treaty.
We have many marginalised and marginalised populations and internally displaced people in the areas of conflicting ethnical frontiers who would rather be removed in an formal census practice. With an expected USD 74 million in budgets, United Nations Development Programme (UNFPA) and donor countries of the West have a particular responsibilities to assure precise research, definition, gathering of information and involvement in any processes of this size.
Issues were dealt with as pure technological issues with straightforward, one-sizefits-all answers and not as fundamental policy and ethnical issues that needed to be addressed. Rather than providing an opportunity to enhance inter-ethnic comprehension and civil liberties, the census pledges to link old ills with a new breed of complexities" Description/Topic: "At the end of March, Burma will conduct its first formal census in nearly thirty years.
This census is being conducted by the Burmese authorities in cooperation with the United Nations and with significant other global technological and economic assistance, of which more than sixteen million US dollar is being provided by the UK authorities. At first glance, carrying out a census is an evident and important move.
In addition, some minority groups, ethnically and religiously affected by oppression and discriminatory attitudes, see the census as an occasion to be formally recognized and as a way to enforce their statute and legal entitlements. In Burma's present situation, however, the census could also result in violence against minority religions, intensify ethical tension and supply imprecise information.
Overall, the net impact of possible risk appears to be greater than the benefit. Therefore, the Burma Campaign UK considers that the census should be delayed to prevent these very realistic threats, which could involve conflicts and deaths? Descriptive/Topic: "The national census, scheduled for 30 March to 10 April 2014, threatens to increase tension at a crucial time in Myanmar's peacemaking processes and democratization.
There is an urgent need to change the census cycle to concentrate only on the main demographics and to postpone unnecessarily antagonist and dividing issues - race, religious and nationality issues - to a more appropriate time. In this way, the authorities, the United Nations and the donor community can show that they are aware of the serious dangers of the census in its current form and that they are ready to react to the profound concerns of many important groups in the country....".
Descriptive/Topic: "Burma's census ignores the country's rich ethnical identity. Burma will begin next year with the first census in more than three centuries. On the one the census could force the state to recognise the long expelled and to promote a better joint comprehension of the day-to-day battles to which most of Burma's population is exposed.
On the other hand, the census is conducted to conceal Burma's unbelievable variety by demanding that the Myanmar nation chooses only one ethnical identities, even if it identifies with many nationalities. It is happening at a perilous point in Burma's seething ethical dispute, especially as the Nazis are now using notions of exclusivity and timelessness to warrant force against groups of the population that are abruptly seen as irreversibly "foreign"....