Myanmar Census 20142014 Myanmar Census
Myanmar 2014 Census of Population and Housing: Workers Thematic Report (June 2017) - Myanmar
YANGON, Myanmar - Census information shows that mothers are crucial to Myanmar's population. Nowadays only half of the female workforce (50.5 percent) is employed, as opposed to 85.6 percent of the male workforce. Recognizing the opportunities for female employment, Myanmar can create its own wealth creation based on a "gender dividend".
However, for this to be possible, mothers need equality of access to training, work, loans, lands and decision-making positions," says Janet Jackson, UNFPA Representative for Myanmar. Results are from the thematic 2014 population and housing census in Myanmar. It also looks at Myanmar's overall employment rates (men and women), which are among the lowes in ASEAN.
In Cambodia, only 63.6 percent of the country's economy is commercially viable, as against 80.9 percent and 77.4 percent in Laos. Myanmar's low labor market turnout is also apparent among young migrants. Every fourth person between 15 and 24 years (25.6 percent) is not in learning, occupation or vocational school.
The NEET is more than twice as high for young females (34.9 percent) as for young males (15.8 percent). Juvenile and adults alike are associated with socio-economic and educational conditions. The highest rates of juvenile joblessness are found in the wealthiest 20 percent of the country's inhabitants from the 19 years of life. The highest rate of joblessness (9.3 percent) is among those with a university degree.
That is almost five fold as high as for those without training (1.9 percent). Simultaneously, almost 12 million persons are under-qualified. In particular, this applies to those who carry out bodily or hand work at the least qualified levels. "It will be a major challange for Myanmar to bring the capabilities of an insufficiently trained workforce to the levels necessary for an expansive contemporary economies.
Especially young migrants need specific measures and interventions," says Janet Jackson, UNFPA Representative for Myanmar. It also shows that more than half of the working class (56.2 percent) live in low-income jobs that endanger their economy. Workers in need of protection often comprise the self-employed or persons who often work without payment in a company run by a kin.
There is a higher percentage of female and handicapped workers in precarious jobs. UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, provides a place where every child is pregnant, every birth is secure and the full range of young people's potentials are realised. Key results of the 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census were released in May 2015.
It is part of a number of 13 topical summaries on various themes. Topical reporting includes both new and previously published statistical information that has been adapted for greater precision. They analyze the relationships between different dates and provide insight into what the figures say about people's life in Myanmar.
This census was taken by the Myanmar government. The UNFPA has provided and will continue to give the census its full technological and funding assistance. The census did not include an estimate of 1,090,000 individuals who wanted to be identified as Rohingya. The UNFPA recognises that their non-counting is a serious deficiency of the census and a major worry about the protection of fundamental freedoms and considers it crucial that all of them be re-established as soon as possible.
It was also not estimated that 69,700 persons in Kayin and 46,600 in Kachin. Overall, an estimate of 1.2 million persons were not censusd. This figure was put at 1.2 million and was contained in the overall 51.5 million group. But since no feature information is available for those not listed, the information and analyses presented in this review relate only to those listed during the census.
Population census records are available on the UNFPA website or on the Department of Population website.