Myanmar Calendar 2016 OctoberBurma Calendar 2016 October
ka - Myanmar Cal November 16. The December calendar will be published on 25 November.
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Myanmar's calendar (Burmese: ?????????????????, pronounced[mj?mà ???k????], or ?????????????,[k??zà ???k????]; Myanmar Age ( "BE") or "ME") is a calendar of Myanmar in which the month is month by month and year by year by year. This calendar is largely on an older Hindu calendar, although in contrast to the Hindu calendar in India it uses a different variation of the metronic series.
Therefore, the calendar must bring the Hindu calendar's sideric years into line with the almost tropic years of the metonic cycles at uneven distances by addition of intercalation month and day. Since its alleged introduction in 640 AD in the Kingdom of Sri Ksetra, also known as the Pyu period, the calendar has been used in various Myanmar states on a continuous basis.
Also used as an offical calendar in other South East Asiatic empires of Arakan, Lan Na, Xishuangbanna, Lan Xang, Siam and Cambodia until the end of the nineteenth cent. Nowadays, apart from the Buddhist calendar, the calendar is only used as a civilian calendar in Myanmar. It' still used to celebrate local festivities such as Burmese New Year and other local festivities, many of which are in the natural habitat of Burmese Buddhists.
The pagan kingdom, according to the records, initially followed the predominant Saka Pyu period, but in 640 AD King Popa Sawrahan (r. 613-640) re-calibrated the calendar and named the new period Kawza Thekkarit (???? ?????????[k??zà ?]) with a year zero start date of March 22, 638 AD It was used as a civilian calendar, while the Buddhist calendar
Initial efforts to modify the calendar were shallow. To mark the calendar's eighteenth birthday (March 29, 1438), King Mohnyin Thado re-calibrated the calendar to the second year (with the year zero beginning on March 18, 1436). In March 1638 King Prasat Thong of Siam made the next proposal to amend the ruling beasts of the month in anticipation of the coming Millennium Day (10 April 1638).
The new system has apparently reduced the space between the sun and moon years of the calendar, but it has not made the calendar more precise in comparison to the real year of the tropics. The sun is 4304 seconds before the middle sun year, while Makaranta is about 23 and 50 mins. before the sun. 8, 7704 seconds ahead) This has caused the calendar to move further and further away from the current sun year.
Calendarsists have regularly decided to change their insert plan to keep up with the time, at the cost of releasing coming calendar that will last more than a few years. Overall, the calendar used at least three slightly different computation modes at different time intervals to calculate the insert time of the leap date and the week.
Even though the much-loved use never went beyond the measurement of the Bahos and Nayis, the calendar is made up of times down to the milliseconds plane. The following information is used for calendar calculation only: Current calendar year (Wawharamatha Hnit, ???????????????) is 354, 384 or 385 in number. Consequently, New Year's Eve of the Myanmar calendar does not have to coincide with the first of Tagu's first few months; in fact, it almost never coincides with Tagu's first growth.
It used a 12-year old Yovian calendar series, which re-inserted the name of the moon months and added it to the years. 31 ] The Myanmar series is not the better known Indian Yovian series at 60 years of age. Burma's traditions recognize the following epochs. In Myanmar, the Buddhist and Kawza periods are still in use.
Burma's calendar uses moon month but tries to keep up with the year. At 23 min 50, the older Macaranta system was even more precise. 20 ] The following chart shows how thaneikta claims to reach a closer distinction (i.e. better accuracy) from macarant. This cumulative mistake means that New Year's Day, which fell near the spring equinox at its start in 638, now drops to April 17, 2013 - a 15-day drop (after adaptation to the Julian/Leggorian calendar switch).
Myanmar calendrists have been dealing with the subject by using the seeming accounting and the periodic change of the interaction plan in the Mycle. A big disadvantage of this is that it is not possible to release a calendar longer than a few years (often even a year) in advance. Burma's wildlife circle recognizes eight characters in a seven-day workweek.
There are a number of variations on the Myanmar calendar, both inside and outside Myanmar. Out of Myanmar the varieties are still in use, but with a different date. Burma's calendar is still used to identify a number of Myanmar holiday dates. The old Indian astrologers knew the Metonics circle and may have implemented the idea in Southeast Asia.
Nevertheless, the METROICONIC series is not (and still is not) compatible with Hindu side diaries and has not been used in Hindu diaries. 151 (Chatterjee 1998: 151) indicates that the metonics system was implemented by Europeans in Burma. "Instead (Ohashi 2001: 401-403) indicates that China may have been the origin of the MTE.
A. M. B. Irwin (Irwin 1909: 2-3) suggested that the calendar was on the Makaranta system until 1738, an adjustment of the initial Surya system. As Burma's calendar was not formally adopted in Siam until 1564 and the initial Surya was later used, the calendar must be at least as close to the initial Surya as possible into the sixteenth age.
Although the Makaranta system was used in Burma in the following century, Ohashi (Ohashi 2007: 354-355) says the Myanmar Makaranta system is "probably different from the well-known Indian Sanskrit astronomy system (Makarandasarani (1478 A.D.) of Makaranda, which follows the Saura school". Laos (Simms and Simms 2001: 204-210) Laos became a free country in March 1889, although the former lord Siam recognized it only in October 1893.
The Buddha traditionally passed away on the full Monday of Kason 148 Anjanasakaraj. From the planets' position, the present Burma period began at 11:11:24 on March 22, 638. "Myanmar Calendar of Tradition". "Calendar of Burma: Calendrical systems of the mainland of Southeast Asia (illustrated edition). Popular elements in Burma's Buddhism.
Myanmar story before 1287: Myanmar and Iraqi calendar. aha Yazawin Gyi (in Burmese). Book of the Calendar.