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Myanmar Tours & Excursions
Arriving in Myanmar means resigning at a ubiquitous moment when the omnipresent impact of the West is not yet entrenched and when men still carry the longgyi tradition and the older people still chew bedding and stain their gum and teeths deeply reddish. For many years isolated from the outside world, Myanmar has an almost mystic charm for travelers seeking an unspoiled area.
In the centre of this goal are the humans, who are known for their funny, spacious natural and ethnical diversit. Myanmar's denomination is Burma's K (Kyat), which is 100ppa. While Myanmar's costs are rising with its appeal as a tourist location, Myanmar is still relatively cheap to use.
Tips are not common in Myanmar, but small contributions can be received when you visit a temple or monastery. Myanmar's two large towns Yangon and Mandalay are the places where most travelers come by plane. A former capitol, Yangon has a mix of old farmhouses, stylish Buddhist Stupa and a good start to the game.
andalay is the centre of Oberburma and a relatively new town, which is regarded as the "cultural capital". To the southeast of Mandalay lies Bagan with its thousand of ruined stupas and to the south-west of Mandalay lies Kalaw, a favourite starting point for exploring the area, with a 2-4 days hike to Inle Lake, known for its lively lake towns.
To the north of Mandalay, Hsipaw is the starting point for strolls to ethnical minorities communities and close by Pyin Oo Lwin is a UK settlement with clean-cut backyards and stylish outbuildings. Myanmar has 230 volt electricity and the most commonly used outlets are those that accept two round plugs (as in Europe) or UK outlets with three more.
A number of them also have a multiple outlet that can accommodate both round and shallow tines. Myanmar's tribe consists of eight officially recognized racial groups and 135 recognized different racial groups, making it a crucible of variety. Myanmar is the local tongue, and although there are many different tongues in the whole of Burma, the whole nation understands it.
Since Myanmar is a Buddha school, it is important to respect some of the religion's traditions, including taking off your boots before you enter a sanctuary, Buddha site or house. Posting with Buddhistic pictures is also seen as a poor shape, especially because one turns one's back on the picture. Burma is a long land bordering Bangladesh, India and China to the North, Laos and Thailand to the East and East.
South of the peninsula stretches towards the Malay Peninsula with a warm, wet weather, similar to Malaysia. The central Myanmar is ruled by a wide, shallow plain known as the "dry zone", as the surrounding peaks and rolling countryside shelter it from heavy rain. Kachin Mountains in the northwest make up the Himalayan spurs and comprise Myanmar's highest peak, Hkakabo Razi, at 19,295ft.
There are three large rivers, the Irrawaddy and Chindwin Rivers and the Thanlwin-Rivers. The water is supplied by monsoons and snowmelt from Nepal and India. First humans in the story were the Pyu and the Mon. Pyu came either from Tibeto-Burman and/or India in the 1. cent. BC and founded metropolitan states in CMB.
Originating from East India or Southeast Asia, the Mon tribe has settled in the south of Myanmar. In the eighth or ninth centuries, the Bamar (also known as Burmans), who supplanted the defeated Pyu tribe, and the mysterious Emperor King Anawrahta founded the first Mysterious Empire of Burma with his capitol Bagan in 1044 and adopted Theravada Buddhism as a state religion. 2.
This was followed by a time of disagreement, in which the Shan people took power over parts of the low lands and the Mon again took power over the North. The second Burmese empire was founded two hundred years later and the area was once again under the Bamar domination. Bayinnaung took the seat of the king in 1550 and united Burma before he invaded the neighboring Thai empire of Ayutthaya.
Burma's third empire was founded by King Alaungpaya, who denied the Mon's domination of Inwa and founded the Konbaung dictatorship (1752-1885), the last remaining ruling family. Konbaung Monarchs extended their empire, and many of Myanmar's present-day frontiers can be attributed to the activities of that time. In the early nineteenth centuary, Myanmar forces traversed British-controlled Assam (in India) and set the empire against an enemy that would be doomed.
The British took over Burma in a number of three battles between 1824 and 1885, after which it was managed as part of "British India" and attracted an inward flow of migrants from India and China, marginalizing the Myanmar population. At the beginning of the twentieth century the increasing nationalistic mood led to strike and protest against the elite settlement, which called for self-government and an end to the regional colony force.
By 1937, the government of Burma was divided from India and a new legislation committee was established with Burma minister. Aung San, a Nazi protagonist, and his Thirty Comrades group received Israeli intelligence and education from Japan and founded the Burma Army (BNA) when they came back in 1941 with troops from Japan to free Burma.
In mid-1942 they had expelled the Brits from most of Burma, but the Japanese did not find much to improve and moved to the Allies in March 1945. That gave them a better negotiating stance after World War II, and in January 1947 Aung San held a meeting with UK Prime Minister Clement Attlee and agreed to Burma's self-government within a year.
Aung San Suu Kyi, his present day subsidiary and heroine, was two years old at the age. Burma became self-sufficient and abandoned the British Commonwealth on January 4, 1948, with Aung Sun's protégée U Nu taking the helm. It was plunged into a mess with ethnical minorities, rebel and socialist groups struggling for power until order was progressively re-established in the fifties.
Until 1958, U Nu stayed in office when he relinquished voluntary control to a provisional state. Whilst this administration made good initial headway, General Ne Win, when U Nu was re-elected to office, ordered a coup d'état which imprisoned U Nu and many of his detainees and abolished civilian rule.
In the same year, a second army putsch took place, which formed the State Law & Order Restoration Council (Slorc), which pledged to organise multiparty ballots. In spite of the government's efforts to reassure the population, the election was won by the National League for Democracy (NLD) under the leadership of Aung San Suu Kyi and several former general leaders.
Sloorc prevented the victorious faction from taking over and arrested its leader. Buddhist friars protested against skyrocketing prices in the so-called "saffron revolution" in 2007. In the following year, the land was devastated by Hurricane Nargis, the second most deadly hurricane in the world. In spite of the damages, the army Junta still conducted the previously scheduled referenda on a new treaty and claimed that 92% had supported it.
Myanmar's reforms continue with the freeing of Myanmar's detainees, greater media freedoms and accepting international assistance. There are two distinct periods in Myanmar, from October to May when it is arid and from May to early October when it is soaked. It' possible to come and see the land all year round. In the centre of the land, Mandalay is surrounded by hills, which create a "dry zone" that is rained much less during the monsun.
Thingyan in April, also known as the New Year' s Eve in Myanmar, is the biggest feast of the year. Each year in October or November, the annual celebration of the Buddhist Lent is celebrated. It is the core of every Burma dish and is a side dish to many local cuisine.
As with many southeast Asiatic kitchens, Burma is trying to bring different tastes, acidic, savoury, spicy as well as bitterness, into equilibrium. Featuring a mix of India, China, Burma and Mon influence, the kitchen features curry, soup, salads and noodles. Myanmar specialty is ?thouq, a rocket or fruit lettuce made in a sauce of lemon sauce, chili, onions, chickpeas meal and beans.
Lettuces can contain any number of additives, even pasta or paddy. It is a fermenting infusion marinated with seaweed, cloves, prawns and groundnuts and eaten at the end of a dinner, especially in the mountains of the state. The Mon Restaurant offers many varieties of cuirry and are usually warmer than other Myanmar cuirries.
You will also find many China and India in Myanmar. In Myanmar, desert is not a favourite. Myanmar candy can be made from coconuts, riceflour, Tapiocas and various fruits. A number of regional brews are available, among them the old-established Myanmar and Mandalay brews. Myanmar's biggest town is home to Shwedagon Paya with its bright gold towers and buddhistic shrines as well as its architectural style.
It' also a great place to taste Myanmar's kitchen and discover the pulsating open-air market. Bagan plain is dotted with over 3000 buddhistic shrines that rise out of the ground like a rockwood. Situated in the heart of the countryside, this huge stretch of land is both a magnificent spectacle of nature and a center of social activities with quiet net fishers, swimming pools, coastal marketplaces and stilted houses.
Britain's cosmopolitan capitol offers relaxation from the Mandalay lowland and is dotted with historical monuments and pruned botanic parks. You can take the 2-4 days trek from Calaw to Inle Lake or discover the local Buddhist races and tribes. The city itself has tree-lined roads and a rich and varied fellowship with Nepalese Gurkhas, Indian Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims.
It is the ideal way to start or end a journey with some peace and serenity. Myanmar's second most celebrated archeological site after Bagan is the remains of Mrauk U, a mystic site of convents, shrines and ramparts. They are younger and smaller than their more well-known counterparts, but unlike Bagan, the area still has a flourishing rural environment with around the old structure.
Hidden in the confusion of Myanmar's second biggest town, there are fairs, craftsmen, convents and theatre with shows of classical music. It' also home to the legendary U Bein Brigde, the longest trekking deck in the word, and the nearby attractions, three of which are former imperial capital cities that make interesting outings.
Burma has some of the most diverse species in the world. Myanmar's official move from Yangon to the tailor-made town of Nay Pyi Taw some 240 northeast of Yangon took place in March 2006. Contrary to many other places in the state, the building of the town began in 2004 in a remote location and profits from a 24-hour power grid.
Thanakha, a favourite Myanmar cosmetics, is a bright cream that moisturizes and protects the suntan. Made from the soil rind of certain growing saplings. Burma is one of only three states in the rest of the rest of the world that have not adopted the metrical system and still use Burma's conventional measures in their everyday lives (the other two are Liberia and the United States).
Burma is the world's third biggest exporter of illegal opioum, with an expected 690 million tonnes produced in 2012. Nearly all of Myanmar's poppies are grown in northeastern Sthan state. Aung San Suu Kyi, a popular politician and heroine, was honored with the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize.
She was under Myanmar Army Junior detention at the ceremony and could not receive her prize, her two children accepted it in her name. It is Myanmar or Burma? Myanmar is the name of the United Nations, the United States of America's name is still Burma (from 2014).
In 1989, the country's name was altered by the reigning Myanmar army june because "Burma" implied the ethnical predominance of the Myanmar people. That is why both are often used, also in many travel guides and cards. At the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, some Taiwanese followers used the Myanmar banner, which was almost the same as the one used in Taiwan at the inauguration.
Burma is still one of the impoverished countries in Asia. By 2013, more than a fourth of the 60 million inhabitants were poor.