Myanmar Belongs to which CountryBurma belongs to which country
What is Myanmar Rohingya? Quarz: A Brief Story of the word at the Crossroads of a World War I Situation - Quartz
Rohingya are a largely Islamic ethnical minorities in Myanmar at the centre of a terrible relief effort. The Myanmar administration will not even use the term "Rohingya", let alone acknowledge that it is being prosecuted. Instead, the Bengalis, aliens or even more so, terr. It is this distinction between these two concepts - Rohingya and Bengali - that is critical to our ability to understand the Myanmar conflict, where more than 500,000 Rohingya have recently escaped following a seizure by the United Nations High Commissioner for Enforcement and Discrimination and has been described by the United Nations as a "textbook example" of racial clean-up.
It was assumed before the massacre that about 1.1 million Rohingya lived in the countryside. Rohingya have been in Myanmar, a major Buddha state, for hundreds of years. Known as Burma under UK sovereignty (1824-1948), it was a major migratory area between present-day Myanmar, India and Bangladesh. When Burma gained sovereignty in 1945, the Burmese authorities adopted the Union Citizenship Act (pdf), which lists the ethnic groups that are "indigenous" in Myanmar.
Rohingya were not regarded as one of the 135 officially recognized ethnical groups of the state. Nevertheless, the Rohingya were able to secure a place in Burma's new independence, with some working in parliamentary and other high posts. However, after the 1962 war putsch, the Rohingya suffered a rapid deterioration when the regime, led by the bamaristic-suprematist monarchy party Paywall, gave the Rohingya less formal documents and declined to fully recognise new generation of the Rohingya people.
All Burmese people were asked to receive Burma's own registry card in 1974, but the Rohingya were only permitted to receive international one. In 1982 a new nationality act was adopted that stopped Rohingya from gaining full nationality, which made many of them stateless. 1989 the land was re-named Myanmar.
It is not only the Rohingya, but also non-Rohingya Muslims throughout Myanmar. A number of extreme religious have exacerbated the anti-Islamic idiom in the land, arguing that Myanmar's predominant Muslim religious beliefs are under attack (with reference to Afghanistan and Indonesia as examples). They were decisive for the adoption of "racial and religious laws" directed against Muslims and attempting to curb their populations.
A UN spokesperson in 2009 described the Rohingya as "probably the most unfriendly person in the world" and it is hard to understand why. Rohingya poverty was highlighted in 2015 when vessels filled with Rohingya immigrants remained at sea. Rohingya, known in the global press as "boat people", got bogged down because they were rejected by a number of South East Asia states, among them Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand.
Undesirable in Myanmar, the Rohingya are also often denied from the lands to which they are hoping to escape. In calling the Rohingya "Bengalis", the regime can call this oppressed ethnic group " other ". "Rohingya's perceptions as an outsider and as a migrant illegitimate is not such a subtile excuse for the group' s systemic deprivation of rights and the government' s attempts to drive them out of their houses.
In Bangladesh, it means that they are among other Bengali Muslims. Léon Mugesera, a well-known Hutu ideologist, gave a notorious address in 1992, a few years before the Rwandan massacre, in which he called on others to destroy the Tutsi. Perhaps most depressing is the response of Myanmar's de facto head and Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, who is largely mum about the humanocrisis.