Myanmar Bagan PagodaPagoda of Myanmar Bagan
BaBagan Historic Site Temple & Pagoda
The Bagan area of Burma is one of the most important archeological places in Southeast Asia. The old town of Bagan was the capitol of the wealthy Bagan Empire, which ruled most of modern Burma. More than 10,000 shrines and palagodas were constructed at the peak of imperial rule between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries.
Today, some 2,200 memorials have been preserved in various states of restoration, making Bagan one of the densest concentration of shrines and palagodas in the underworld. Bagan's size, with its thousand memorials as far as the eyes can see, can be overpowering. As Bagan's story goes back to the ninth centuries, the solid building of the sanctuary began during the rule of King Anawrahta, who established the Bagan Empire in 1044.
When the king became Theravada Buddhist, he began to build some of the greatest Buddhist monasteries in Bagan, such as the Shwezigon Pagoda as an act of service. Little by little Bagan became a centre of Buddhism, which attracted Buddhist friars from faraway lands. It is an ideal place to see a number of antique memorials in different architecture-style.
Outside impressing, the inside of some of the well conserved churches corresponds to the outside. Whilst some of the monasteries have nice mural paintings and frescos, others have great Buddha paintings, such as the Ananda Monastery, which has four 9.5 metre high tea-wood Buddha paintings depicting the four preceding Buddhas.
Bagan was encircled by ramparts erected at the beginning of the eleventh c.. UNESCO has placed the Bagan archeological area, covering some 104 square kilometres, on its provisional register to make it a World Heritage Site of the World. 1975 a large quake shook Bagan, which severely damaged many of its churches.
In the 1990s, the Myanmar authorities had many of the ruined churches and palagodas mended. The Bagan is situated in the arid area of central Burma. For every visit to the Bagan Archeological Park there is an entry charge of US$ 10. There are many antique items found in the Bagan Temple and pagoda, among them Buddha pictures up to 1000 years old, engraved tablets representing the Buddha, old stony engravings, woodcarvings and stones.
There are also reproductions of mural paintings found in several Bagan-emples. The Myazedi epigraph from 1113, which makes it the oldest known gem of Burma, is a very important item on show in the monument. You have a good panorama view of the Bagan Plain and its thousand memorials from the shallow rooftop of the house.