Myanmar Average TemperatureBurma Average temperature
Myanmar's natural capital
Due to the effects of climatic change, peoples throughout Myanmar are confronted with greater fluctuations in precipitation and more common and intensive extremes of rain. Historic and forward-looking developments show that these issues will persist in the years to come, according to regions and dependent on the level of worldwide CO-gases. The conservation of coastline forest, mangrove forest included, in order to maintain important advantages for humans and animals, is crucial to the robustness of the Myanmar marine environment.
Hurricane Nargis in 2008 and severe hot spells in 2010 are just some of the reasons why Myanmar was second in 183 out of 183 nations most affected by severe meteorological conditions between 1995 and 2014. Forecasts of rising ocean levels show how susceptible the nation will be to such storm, with an increase expected in the next few years that will lead far into the interior in the event of predicted taifunas and harmful seas.
The tendencies of domestic heating are accelerating in the middle of the 20th and average temperature increases by 1.3-2.7°C to 24.8-26.2°C in the years 2041-2070. After 2040, there will be greater variations between region and region; by 2041-2070 the temperature is expected to be 0.3-0.4°C higher in the interior than on the coast. The eastern and northerly hills will probably experience the most tragic global rise of all Myanmar's areas, with average temperature rises of up to 3°C in the midsummer.
Historic observations show tendencies towards global warming over the last 30 years, especially in the interior and at the highest daytimes. Average daytime average (upper row) and average daytime peak (lower row) over 9 domestic (orange) and 10 coast meteorological wards ("blue"), 1981-2010. Rainfall pattern in Myanmar is expected to shift in the next hundred years.
Though, the spacial and seasonsal pattern in the rainfall projection is less clear than the temperature pattern. Historic observations show that tendencies have deteriorated over the last 30 years, particularly in maritime areas and rainfall. Yearly ( left) and yearly ( "middle" and right) rainfall trend for 10 coast (blue) and 9 fresh water meteorological station (orange), 1981-2010.
In view of the large extent of the low-lying areas in Myanmar, the forecasts point to a sharp increase in the number of flood areas and a sharp increase in the incidence and extent of floods in the non-permanently flooded coastlines. It has a significant impact on marine life and ecosystem populations, as well as on the vast mangroves along Myanmar's coast and the many fragile populations that are dependent on these regimes and their service -gri-fishery.