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This is a special report: As Myanmar troops in a secluded town burnt, plundered and murdered....
Two or more were chopped to life by Buddhists in the towns. Two of the gravedigger said the remainder was killed by Myanmar forces. Homicides in the seaside town of Inn Din were another violent period of violent bloodshed in Rakhine's north, on the west edge of Myanmar. Almost 690,000 Rohingya Muslims have escaped their communities since August and have passed the Bangladesh/Great-Borders.
Not one of Inn Din's 6,000 Rohingya stayed in the town from October. Rohingya are accusing the armed forces of fire raising, rape and murder to destroy them in this mainly buddhistic country of 53 million people. Burma says its "evacuation operation" is a legal answer to the Rohingya insurgents' aggression.
The Rohingya have been following their arrival in Rakhine for hundreds of years. However, most people in Burma consider them undesirable Bangladeshi migrants; the Rohingya are called "Bengalese" by the ancients. "In recent years, tension has increased and the regime has imprisoned more than 100,000 Rohingya in refugee camp where they have restricted humanitarian aid to the world.
So far, reports of the Rohingya brutality in the state of Rakhine have only been made by their people. It is also the first report that witnesses from members of military and para-military forces have themselves been involved. Burma's residents Wai Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo were arrested on December 12 for supposedly receiving sensitive information about Rakhine.
Then on January 10, the army made a declaration confirming parts of what Wa Lone, Kyaw Soe Oo and their counterparts were willing to tell and confirming that 10 Rohingya men were slaughtered in the town. Confirming that Buddhist villagers were attacking some of the men with blades and shooting each other.
This declaration came at the same moment as a motion by public prosecutors to prosecute Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo under Myanmar's Official Secrets Act, which goes back to the era of UK-colonialism. Solders chose to murder the men, the Armed Forces said, because intensive fights in the area made it virtually impossible to get them into policing detention.
Interviewees of Buddhaist village people questioned for this paper did not report an assault by a large number of rebels on Inn Din guarders. Numerous feedbacks with Rakhine Buddha School village dwellers, troops, paramilitary policemen, Rohingya Muslims and community leaders also showed: - The Army and Pro-Inn Din and at least two other communities organised Buddha School inhabitants to burn down Rohingya houses, said more than a decade of them.
11 Buddhist village people said Buddhist people have perpetrated violent actions, include deaths. Uhlingya rebels have been accused several times by the Uhlingya administration and armed forces of incinerating people. - Orders to "clear" Inn Din's Rohingya village were given by the armed forces to the chains of command, said three paramilitaries who spoke under the conditions of anonymous speech, and a third policeman at a secret service detachment in the local capitol Sittwe.
One of the paramilitaries said that safety guards were wearing civil clothing in order not to be discovered during roundups. - Several paramilitaries plundered Rohingya properties, as well as cow and motorcycle for sale, according to Maung Thein Chay, the governor of the town, and one of the paramilitaries.
- Outreach in Inn Din was headed by the Armed Forces thirty-third light infantry division, backed by the eighth security patrol of paramilitaries, including four policemen, all of whom were members of the outfit. Proof of the executions of men in intergovernmental detention could also be used to create a case of crime against civilians against military commander, Karnavas said, if it could be shown that it was part of a "widespread or systematic" anti-Rohingya camp.
The United States in December sanctioned the military official responsible for Western Command forces in Rakhine, Major General Maung Maung Soe. However, so far Myanmar has not issued any non-myanmar enforcement measures for the violent acts. Myanmar's chief, Aung San Suu Kyi, has failed many former Western followers by not opposing the army's action.
Telling that paramilitaries had said they had been ordered to "clear" Inn Din's Rohingya villages, he replied: "We have to check. We' re gonna have to ask the Home Office and the Myanmar P.D. "Asked about the accusations of plunder by paramilitaries, he said the cops were investigating.
It consists of a spread of villages around a college, a hospital and a Buddhaist cloister. Buddha houses are grouped in the north part of the town. Rohingya fighters assaulted three policemen in North Rakhine in October 2016 - the beginning of a new uprising. Rohingya said in Inn Din after the raids that many Buddhists ceased to hire them as servants and domestic workers.
Buddhists said the Rohingya no longer came to work. About 80 soldiers from Myanmar's thirty-threeth light Myanmar Light Army Corps landed in Inn Din on August 27, nine Buddhists said. The two paramilitaries and Soe Chay, the pensioned military, said the forces were 11.
Soe Chay said the military official in command said the village inhabitants had to prepare food for the troopers and act as a lookout at nocturne. One of the officers pledged his forces to save the Buddhists from their Rohingya neighbours. There were five Buddhists in the village who said the officers said they could voluntarily participate in safety missions.
They found willing members under Inn Din's buddhistic "security group," said nine members of the organisation and two other village inhabitants. It is an informational militias created after the outbreak of violent clashes between Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in 2012, triggered by accounts of the raping and murdering of a Buddha women by three Moslem men.
The Myanmar news agency said the three were convicted to die by a county tribunal. In Din's safety group constructed sentry boxes around the Buddhaist part of the town, and its members took turns keeping sentries. Among his numbers were buddhistic fire fighters, schoolteachers, college undergraduates, and young outworkers.
The Buddhist steward of Inn Din, Maung Thein Chay, said they were useful to the army because they knew the area' s geographical location. Most Rohingya Muslim houses in Inn Din were burnt by troops, policemen and Buddhist village dwellers in the day after the thirty-third light infantry arrived, a doze of Buddhist inhabitants said.
Of the paramilitaries, two members of the Eighth Security Policeman said that their Rohingya Villages Bataillon was made up of troops from the recently arriving 33nd Army War. A policeman said that he had been given oral orders by his commandant to "clear" the areas where Rohingya was living, which he called cremation.
A second policeman described his participation in several robberies on towns just outside Inn Din. He said that the robberies affected at least 20 troops and between five and seven policemen. There was a commander or majority leading the troops, while a commander supervised the policing group. and the Rohingya from coming back.
Then he said the army sent Buddhist village people to cremate the homes. One young Rakhine Buddhist said he thought he could hear the noise of a Rohingya house burnt to death. Another village resident said he was involved in the cremation of a squatted Rohingya house. Soe-Cay, the pensioned private who was to excavate the tomb for the 10 Rohingya men, said he took part in a murder.
A similar kind of force took place in a large part of southern Rakhine, said a dozen Buddhists and Rohingya inhabitants. U.N. Operational Satellite Applications Programme records a large number of Rohingya settlements in Rakhine state burnt over an area of 110 km. One Buddhist seminarian from the town of Ta Man Tha, 15 km from Laungdon, said he also took part in the cremation of Rohingya houses.
One military official was looking for 30 helpers to cremate "Kalar" towns, the college graduate said. However, the most precious goods, especially motorbikes and cows, were gathered and traded by members of the Eighth Security Battalion, said the first policeman and Inn Din governor Maung Thein Chay. Mung Thein Chay said that the commandant of the Eighth Battalion, Thant Zin Oo, had made a bargain and was selling livestock to a group of Tibetan Buddha business people from other parts of Rakhine state.
A policeman said he stole four of Rohingya villagers' livestock just for Thant Zin Oo to swoop them. Col. Myo Thu Soe, the spokesperson for the constabulary, said the cops would look into the plunder. On September 1, several hundred Rohingya from Inn Din were accommodated in a temporary warehouse on a near-by shore.
This group included the 10 Rohingya men who were murdered the next day. The three Buddhist and more than a doze Rohingya testimonies disagree with this interpretation of the series. Buddhists talked of a clash between a small group of Rohingya men and some troops near the shore. Rohingya's testimonies, who were at or near the shore, said that the Muslim schoolteacher Abdul Malik and his children had returned to his village to gather nourishment and shampoos.
On his return, a group of at least seven troops and Buddhist village people with weapons followed him, said these people. Abdullah Malik approached the observing Rohingya Muslims with uncertainty, dropping a drop of heirloom. A number of eyewitnesses said they saw one of the gunmen hit Abdul Malik in the back of the neck with a stab.
Then, the army waved its rifles to the amount of about 300 Rohingya to gather in the rice fields, these testimonies said. Both the Rohingya and the troops, who came from different parts of Myanmar, speak different tongues. Trained village people translate for their colleagues Rohingya. Solders stopped and interviewed the 10 men in a mansion at the Din Inn training center for one evening, the army said.
Until the Rohingya rebels' October 2016 attack, Rashid Ahmed and Abulu had been studying there alongside Rakhin Buddhist undergraduates. The two Rohingya pupils and the eight older men who kneel on a road next to the hospital are shown in a photo taken on the night of the men's detention, most of them without shirts.
You were undressed at the first detention, said a large witness of Rohingya. On that night, said the Buddhists, the men were "treated" with bovine meat for one last time. The men were taken to the bush landscape just south of the town, near a cemetery for Buddhists, said six people.
There on their bended knee, the 10 were again taken photos and interviewed by police about the disappearances of a Tibetan Buddha peasant called Maung Ni, according to a Rakhine eldest, who said he had been a witness to the questioning. The Buddhaist neighbours say the peasant disappeared after he had left his house early on 25 August to feed his herd.
The two men depicted behind the Rohingya inmates in the photo from the second of September 2 are 8. Aung Min, one of the two Officers, a policeman from Yangon, is standing right behind the inmates. And the other mate, captain Moe Yan Naing, is the character in the upper right.
As three Buddhist youth said, they were watching from a cabin as the 10 Rohingya prisoners were taken to the place of their death by troops on a heap. A gravedigger, Soe Chay, a pensioned private, said Maung Ni's children were summoned by the troop commander to carry out the first beats.
An unidentified second burying man acknowledged that some of the men had been killed by warriors. "Measures are being taken against the village people who took part in the case and against the members of the police who violated the rules of engagement of the law," it says in the declaration. The 10 Rohingya men wear the same clothes as in the picture above and are bound to each other with the same golden string, which is stacked in a small pit in the ground and collects it.