Myanmar Allies and EnemiesAllies and enemies of Myanmar
Myanmar's persecution of the Rohingya Muslim population, their frantic escape from Myanmar and their terrible distress at Sea have drawn worldwide interest. Mr President, the hardship of the unfortunate destitute Rohingya has re-emerged the sensitive issues of marginalisation of Asian ethnic groups and the refugees debates, which include the increasing fantasy of migrants around the globe.
Exactly why are the Rohingya being pursued by Buddhist-dominated Myanmar? Rohingya - which make up less than 2 per cent of the total populace - are largely located in the west of Rakhine and neighbouring Bangladesh. In spite of their Pakistani representation, the Myanmar authorities do not recognise them as Myanmar citizens and thus deny them the right to citizen.
In Myanmar, the Nationality Act of 1982 states that only those groups that established themselves in the territory before 1823, one year before the First Anglo-Burmese war, may retain them. Burma regards the Rohingya as illegals from India and Bangladesh who were emboldened by the UK Colonies to emigrate after the conflict.
It is ironic that today's Rohingya are the offspring of the Myanmar family before it became an autonomous country in 1948, some of whom claim to have been present in Rakhine long before the 1823 deadline. United Nations has described the Rohingya tribe as one of the most oppressed groups in the underworld.
Restricted to certain areas in which they can reside and work, and denies nationality and judicial identities, this fellowship was on the fringes of domesticity. Through their declaration as aliens, the Buddhist ruling junta has made the Rohingya unfit to engage in mass training, to look for work in administration, to own lands or even to record their wedlock.
The Myanmar government has even refused or rejected the supply of humane help by these ghettoists through multinational groups. Over the past few years, attempts to tackle this problem have led to further discriminatory treatment against the Rohingya, who must be declared Bengali and then demonstrate that they are suitable for Myanmar nationalism.
By institutionalizing this ghettoisation, the regime has issued a guideline that those who do not introduce their nationality are sent to a relocation area ( "where nationality rights are established") and those who reject the trial are restricted to an expellee camps (where they wait for deportation). With little or no human aid and no outlook for the region, this fellowship has left Myanmar and tried to go to Bangladesh and other South East Asia as well.
Bengal Bay and the Andaman Sea - the waters along the whole coast of Myanmar - are the favoured means of refuge. During the first three months of 2015, in a frantic effort to try to sail before the onset of the rainy season, some 25,000 Rohingya vessels sailed to Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand.
Human Right Watch said in its 2015 World Report that Burma's efforts are reversed. While Myanmar is approaching the next round of voting in November 2015, the questions of restricted freedom of the press and minorities' prerogatives are undermining the country's democracy. Over the last few working days, local forces have been mobilised by the multinational corporation to tackle questions of human aid and the return of refugees.
So far, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations has been playing an unsatisfying part in saving and helping the Rohingya. It is imperative to provide a local answer to the continuing expansion of the human needs situation. In addition to the short-term crises, the Myanmar authorities need to be pressured by the global communitys impact in the Myanmar area, in particular the European Union, Australia, India, China and the United States, to change their discrimination legislation and give the Rohingya the right to nationality.
Myanmar's handling is in violation of internationally recognized humanitarian law and other pacts that have been approved by the state. Ultimately, policy changes within Myanmar will alleviate this gloomy state. It is hard to call the sociopolitical marginalisation of a minorities and their appalling prosecution a matter of nationism.