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It is the main town of Chin State in Myanmar. Situated 6120 feet above sealevel, the town is located at the base of Rungtlang (Mount Rung), which is about 7543 feet high, and is one of the most celebrated and scenic summits in the state of Chin. Hakhar's surface area is about 12.50 square mile.
Situated in the centre of Chin State, Hakhar is linked to Thantlang, Falam, Gangaw and Matupi by highways. The Hakhar was established around 1400 AD by the Laimi people. Hakhar became an important town after the Second World War as the seat of one of the Chin Special Division's divisions and Falam was the main town during this area.
Chin Special Divison was eliminated and in 1974 became Chin State and Hakhar became the Chin State capitol. This entailed an inflow of administration employees, residential construction and expansion of the municipal borders. Finally, Hakhar became the biggest town in the Chin state with about 20,000 inhabitants.
Leeds Totally hygienic
In 2010, UNICEF and Save the Children launched the CLTS approach at WASH Thematic Group in Myanmar and asked Dr. Kamal Kar and Dr. Brigitta Bode to hold the first CLTS course in the Pyay area of Bago in July 2011. It was attended by eleven NGOs, 11 NGOs and 3 governments, and nine towns were set in motion during the schooling.
In September 2011, UNICEF held a second course and persuaded one of its donators, Danida, to take the CLTS concept into its present sanitary program. At the end of 2011, Saving the Children, the International Rescue Committee and Partners International pilot all CLTS in Myanmar's three different communities. The Myanmar government began introducing CLTS in fifteen cities across the nation in 2012 with the help of UNICEF.
The UNICEF also supports the Myanmar Health Assistance Association, a grassroots NGO for the introduction of CLTS in two other communities with funds from Danida and in the first coaching township, where 15 communities are now being activated and nearing ODF state. Now UNICEF and the Department of Public Health in Myanmar are testing the increase in ODF through a two-step accreditation proces.
A 12-month guarantee or trial is the ideal way to support and monitor an ODF community to maintain its ODF state. But it also runs the risk of loosing its hard-won ODF state if it is not watched. ODF in Myanmar include the following criteria:
It is also appropriate for the Communitys to develop a maintenance of 100% ODF statute policy and an implementation programme, e.g. how it will mobilise and assist the Communitys to maintain the use of cesspools and to decrease the number of common cesspools. Achieving this ODF score is sufficient in many jurisdictions, and follow-up beyond 100% ODF stature is entrusted to government healthcare personnel, with hardly any way to formally monitor and correct deviations.
Burma is testing a promising business-to-business approach to strengthen the ODF's sustainable nature by conducting tighter oversight during the post-ODF era and then rewards the fellowship for maintaining its state. About six to eight month after the trigger, when a church thinks it has achieved ODF state, the members of the Dorf-WASH-Komite review the ODF criterions by attending all homes.
Once the criterions are fulfilled, the board will contact the municipal public healthcare department and ask for an formal, impartial review. Participants in the review are: Department of Public Security (Central and Environmental Sanitation Division) in cooperation with the state/regional public sector healthcare training agency, community physicians, primary healthcare workers, other community government employees who have already been CLTS moderated, and physical community leader from neighboring communities.
An ODF preliminary statute is granted if the location meets the requirements of the verify log. The ODF townships will participate in a dedicated ODF Medical Department ceremonial, which will include the ODF townships authorities, members of parliament, local parliament, local government, local government, clts trigger and other towns.
It is an occasion to share the experiences of ODF and non-ODF communities, encourage the city's medical officer to become ODF communities and encourage ODF communities to retain their ODF state. The ODF communities also get large signboards that they can put up in their communities.
The ODF state is a trial period of one year during which it can be withdrawn if hatching takes place. At this point, towns are formally listed as ODF for the purpose of domestic surveillance. Trial ODF state. The health authorities and nurses included the ODF follow-ups as part of their frequent weekly village trips.
ODF maintainance is supervised and logged on a quarter-by-quarter base by the local government and the local doctor. When they determine that the ODF requests are not being met, the ODF is canceled. Full ODF will be awarded for one year after the ODF retains its state. One year after ODF support, a local ODF is awarded full ODF state.
Indeed, CLTS is not yet part of the government's sanitary improvement strategy and there are no approved CLTS and ODF policies. The converters find out that the villagers' ODF recognition ceremony should be conducted as soon as the villagers are proclaimed ODF to keep the excitement of the villagers high. This, however, will require a great deal of scheduling and co-ordination by the Township officials to make sure the timings are appropriate for the ODF villagers' batch work.
So far, no CLTS community has introduced CLTS long enough to reach full ODF stature after the 12-month trial time. This procedure was not further refined and described in detail after the trial time. It is not yet clear, for example, how the full preliminary ODF state will be checked and assigned, nor is the surveillance system for complete ODF communities.
Periodic aftercare by the primary healthcare personnel is still poor, as the personnel is overworked with many missions. Neither do the converters have the means to carry out ongoing surveillance after the towns have reached ODF. Testing this methodology continues to be supervised by CLTS implementation and could soon find its way into the government's formal CLTS methodology.
There is one unanswered and unanswered questions - what happens when the full ODF state is reached? So far there are signs that once a municipality has reached ODF state, the use of a cesspool becomes a standard for the village inhabitants and precise surveillance is not necessary.